Ability to Pay

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State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Level of offense Definition of ability to pay Timeline Burden of proof Method of determination Mandatory Remedies if unable to pay
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-30(e) Conditions of probation and conditional discharge. If the court finds that the person subject to electronic monitoring is indigent and unable to pay the costs of electronic monitoring services, it shall waive such costs. All

indigent and unable to pay the costs

At enforcement of fine or fee Not provided for Not provided for Yes

The court shall waive such costs

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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-56i(g) Pretrial drug education and community service program.
No person may be excluded from any such program for inability to pay such fee or cost, provided (1) such person files with the court an affidavit of indigency or
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inability to pay, (2) such indigency or inability to pay is confirmed by the Court Support Services Division, and (3) the court enters a finding thereof. The court may waive all or any portion of such fee depending on such person’s ability to pay. If the court finds that a person is indigent or unable to pay for a substance abuse treatment program, the costs of such program shall be paid from the pretrial account established under section 54-56k.
All

indigency

Before imposition of fine or fee Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Not provided for Yes

costs of such program shall be paid from the pretrial account

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Florida Fla. Stat. §775.0844(8) White Collar Crime Victim Protection Act
A person convicted of an aggravated white collar crime under this section is liable for all court costs and shall pay restitution to each victim of the crime, regardless of
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whether the victim is named in the information or indictment. As used in this subsection, “victim” means a person directly and proximately harmed as a result of the commission of the offense for which restitution may be ordered, including any person directly harmed by the defendant’s criminal conduct in the course of the commission of the aggravated white collar crime. The court shall hold a hearing to determine the identity of qualifying victims and shall order the defendant to pay restitution based on his or her ability to pay, in accordance with this section and s. 775.089.
Felony Not provided for Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Determined by judge after hearing Yes

Not specified

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Florida Fla. Stat. §806.13(8) Criminal mischief; penalties; penalty for minor
A minor whose driver license or driving privilege is revoked, suspended, or withheld under subsection (7) may elect to reduce the period of revocation, suspension, or withholding by performing community
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service at the rate of 1 day for each hour of community service performed. In addition, if the court determines that due to a family hardship, the minor’s driver license or driving privilege is necessary for employment or medical purposes of the minor or a member of the minor’s family, the court shall order the minor to perform community service and reduce the period of revocation, suspension, or withholding at the rate of 1 day for each hour of community service performed. As used in this subsection, the term “community service” means cleaning graffiti from public property.
Misdemeanor

Inability to pay: due to a family hardship, the minor's driver license or driving privilege is necessary for employment or medical purposes of the minor or a member of the

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minor's family

Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Yes

Community service

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Florida Fla. Stat. §985.039(3) Cost of supervision; cost of care
(2) The parent of any child who has been placed under the supervision or care of the department shall provide to the department his or her name, address, social security number,
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date of birth, driver license number or identification card number, and sufficient financial information so as to assist the court in determining the parent’s ability to pay any fee associated with the cost of the child’s supervision or care. If the parent refuses to provide the department with the information required by this subsection, the court shall order the parent to provide such information. The failure of the parent to comply with such order of the court constitutes contempt of court, and the court may punish the parent accordingly.(3) At the time of any detention or disposition hearing, the court shall receive the information described in subsection (2), as well as any other verbal or written information offered as to the ability of the parent of a child who is being placed under the supervision or care of the department to pay any fee imposed pursuant to this section and whether the payment of such fee will create a significant financial hardship. The court may apportion the obligation for the fee to each parent in a manner it deems appropriate; however, the total amount of the daily fee may not exceed the amounts specified in this section. Any finding made by the court as to the ability of the parent to pay such fee, including any finding of indigency or significant financial hardship, shall be in writing and shall contain a detailed description of the facts supporting such finding. If the court makes a finding of indigency and significant financial hardship, the court shall waive the fee or reduce it to an amount deemed appropriate. (4) Notwithstanding subsection (3), the court may reduce or waive the fee as to each parent if the court makes a finding on the record that the parent was the victim of the delinquent act or violation of law for which the child has been placed under the supervision or care of the department and that the parent is cooperating or has cooperated with the investigation of the offense.
All

Inability to pay: Indigency or significant financial hardship

Not provided for Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Not provided for Yes

Fee waiver or reduction

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Florida Fla. Stat. §984.11(3) Services to families in need of services
The department shall advise the parents or legal guardian that they are responsible for contributing to the cost of the child or family services and treatment to the extent of
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their ability to pay. The department shall set and charge fees for services and treatment provided to clients. The department may employ a collection agency for the purpose of receiving, collecting, and managing the payment of unpaid and delinquent fees. The collection agency must be registered and in good standing under chapter 559. The department may pay to the collection agency a fee from the amount collected under the claim or may authorize the agency to deduct the fee from the amount collected.
All

To the extent the family's ability to pay

Not provided for Not provided for Administrative decision Yes

Not specified

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Kansas Kan. Stat. Ann. ? 60-2001(b) Docket fee; authorized only by legislative enactment; poverty affidavit, court review; additional costs; certain sheriff's charges prohibited
(b)?Poverty affidavit in lieu of docket fee. (1) Effect. In any case where a plaintiff by reason of poverty is unable to pay a docket fee, and an affidavit so
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stating is filed, no fee will be required. An inmate in the custody of the secretary of corrections may file a poverty affidavit only if the inmate attaches a statement disclosing the average account balance, or the total deposits, whichever is less, in the inmate's trust fund for each month in: (A) The six-month period preceding the filing of the action; or (B) the current period of incarceration, whichever is shorter. Such statement shall be certified by the secretary. On receipt of the affidavit and attached statement, the court shall determine the initial fee to be assessed for filing the action and in no event shall the court require an inmate to pay less than $3. The secretary of corrections is hereby authorized to disburse money from the inmate's account to pay the costs as determined by the court. If the inmate has a zero balance in such inmate's account, the secretary shall debit such account in the amount of $3 per filing fee as established by the court until money is credited to the account to pay such docket fee. Any initial filing fees assessed pursuant to this subsection shall not prevent the court, pursuant to subsection (d), from taxing that individual for the remainder of the amount required under subsection (a) or this subsection.(2)?Form of affidavit. The affidavit provided for in this subsection shall set forth a factual basis upon which the plaintiff alleges by reason of poverty an inability to pay a docket fee, including, but not limited to, the source and amount of the plaintiff's weekly income. Such affidavit shall be signed and sworn to by the plaintiff under oath, before one who has authority to administer the oath, under penalty of perjury, Kan. Stat. Ann. ? 2015 Supp. 21-5903, and amendments thereto. The form of the affidavit shall be deemed sufficient if in substantial compliance with the form set forth by the judicial council. (3)?Court review; grounds for dismissal; service of process. The court shall review any petition authorized for filing under this subsection. Upon such review, if the court finds that the plaintiff's allegation of poverty is untrue, the court shall direct the plaintiff to pay the docket fee or dismiss the petition without prejudice. Notwithstanding Kan. Stat. Ann. ? 60-301, and amendments thereto, service of process shall not issue unless the court grants leave following its review.
All Not provided for Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Not provided for Yes

lower f ee

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Kansas Kan. Stat. Ann. ? 21-6604(d) Authorized dispositions; crimes committed on or after July 1, 1993
(d) In addition to any of the above, the court shall order the defendant to reimburse the county general fund for all or a part of the expenditures by the
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county to provide counsel and other defense services to the defendant. Any such reimbursement to the county shall be paid only after any order for restitution has been paid in full. In determining the amount and method of payment of such sum, the court shall take account of the financial resources of the defendant and the nature of the burden that payment of such sum will impose. A defendant who has been required to pay such sum and who is not willfully in default in the payment thereof may at any time petition the court which sentenced the defendant to waive payment of such sum or any unpaid portion thereof. If it appears to the satisfaction of the court that payment of the amount due will impose manifest hardship on the defendant or the defendant's immediate family, the court may waive payment of all or part of the amount due or modify the method of payment.
All

payment of the amount due will impose manifest hardship on the defendant or the defendant's immediate family

At defendant's request before imposition of fine or fee Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Determined by judge after hearing Yes

the court may waive payment of all or part of the amount due or modify the method of payment

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Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 45-5-206(5) Partner or Family Member Assault -- Penalty
In addition to any sentence imposed under subsections (3) and (4), after determining the financial resources and future ability of the offender to pay restitution as provided for in 46-18-242,
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the court shall require the offender, if able, to pay the victim's reasonable actual medical, housing, wage loss, and counseling costs.
Felony Not provided for Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Not provided for Yes

No payment of fee

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Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 45-5-206(6) Partner or Family Member Assault -- Penalty
In addition to the requirements of subsection (5), if financially able, the offender must be ordered to pay for the costs of the offender's probation, if probation is ordered by
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the court.
Felony Not provided for Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Not provided for Yes

No payment of fee

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Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 45-5-503(5) Sexual intercourse without consent
In addition to any sentence imposed under subsection (2) or (3), after determining the financial resources and future ability of the offender to pay restitution as required by 46-18-242, the
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court shall require the offender, if able, to pay the victim's reasonable medical and counseling costs that result from the offense. The amount, method, and time of payment must be determined in the same manner as provided for in 46-18-244.
Felony Not provided for Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Not provided for Yes

Lower restitution amounts or alternative forms of restitution may be available

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Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 45-5-507(6) Incest
In addition to any sentence imposed under subsection (3), (4), or (5), after determining the financial resources and future ability of the offender to pay restitution as required by 46-18-242,
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the court shall require the offender, if able, to pay the victim's reasonable costs of counseling that result from the offense. The amount, method, and time of payment must be determined in the same manner as provided for in 46-18-244.
Felony Not provided for Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Not provided for Yes

Lower restitution amounts or alternative forms of restitution may be available

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Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 45-5-621(3) Nonsupport
If a defense to the charge of nonsupport is inability to pay, the person's inability must be the result of circumstances over which the person had no control. In determining
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ability to pay, after an allowance for the person's minimal subsistence needs, the support of a spouse, child, or other dependent has priority over any other obligations of the person.
Misdemeanor, Felony Not provided for Before imposition of fine or fee Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Determined by judge after hearing Yes

This is a defense in a nonpayment case

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Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 45-5-621(13) Nonsupport
The court may order that a term of imprisonment imposed under this section be served in another facility made available by the county and approved by the sentencing court. The
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offender, if financially able, shall bear the expense of the imprisonment.
Felony Not provided for Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Not provided for Yes

No payment of fee

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Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 45-5-627(4) Ritual abuse of minor--exceptions--penalty
In addition to any sentence imposed under subsection (3), after determining pursuant to 46-18-242 the financial resources and future ability of the offender to pay restitution, the court shall require
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the offender, if able, to pay the victim's reasonable costs of counseling that result from the offense. The amount, method, and time of payment must be determined in the same manner as provided for in 46-18-244.
Felony Not provided for Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Not provided for Yes

Lower restitution amounts or alternative forms of restitution may be available

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Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 45-6-101(2) Criminal Mischief
A person convicted of criminal mischief must be ordered to make restitution in an amount and manner to be set by the court. The court shall determine the manner and
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amount of restitution after full consideration of the convicted person's ability to pay the restitution. Upon good cause shown by the convicted person, the court may modify any previous order specifying the amount and manner of restitution. Full payment of the amount of restitution ordered must be made prior to the release of state jurisdiction over the person convicted.
Misdemeanor Not provided for Before imposition of fine or fee Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Determined by judge after hearing Yes

Determine amount of restitution accordingly.

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Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 45-9-102(5)(c)(ii) Criminal possession of dangerous drugs
The court shall, as conditions of probation pursuant to subsection (5)(a), order: (ii) payment of the costs of imprisonment, probation, and any methamphetamine treatment by the person if the person
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is financially able to pay those costs
Felony Not provided for Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Not provided for Yes

Waive or reduce fee

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Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 46-1-1112(2) Funding [of drug treatment courts]
A drug offender shall pay the total cost or a reasonable portion of the cost to participate. The cost paid by a drug offender may not exceed $300 a month.
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The costs assessed must be compensatory and not punitive in nature and must take into account the drug offender's ability to pay. Upon a showing of indigency, the drug treatment court may reduce or waive costs under this subsection (2).
Misdemeanor

Indigency

Before imposition of fine or fee Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Determined by judge after hearing Yes

Waive or reduce fee

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Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 46-1-1212(2) Funding [of mental health treatment courts]
A participant shall pay the total cost or a reasonable portion of the cost to participate. The cost paid by a participant may not exceed $300 a month. The costs
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assessed must be compensatory and not punitive in nature and must take into account the participant's ability to pay. Upon a showing of indigency, the mental health treatment court may reduce or waive costs under this subsection.
Misdemeanor

Indigency

Before imposition of fine or fee Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Determined by judge after hearing Yes

Waive or reduce fee

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Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 46-8-113 Payment by defendant for assigned counsel--costs to be filed with court
(3) In any proceeding for the determination of whether a defendant is or will be able to pay the costs of counsel, the court shall question the defendant as to
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the defendant's ability to pay those costs and shall inform the defendant that purposely false or misleading statements by the defendant may result in criminal charges against the defendant. (4) The court may not sentence a defendant to pay the costs for assigned counsel unless the defendant is or will be able to pay the costs imposed by subsection (1). The court may find that the defendant is able to pay only a portion of the costs assessed. In determining the amount and method of payment of costs, the court shall take into account the financial resources of the defendant and the nature of the burden that payment of costs will impose. (5) A defendant who has been sentenced to pay costs may at any time petition the court that sentenced the defendant for remission of the payment of costs or of any unpaid portion of the costs. If it appears to the satisfaction of the court that payment of the amount due will impose manifest hardship on the defendant or the defendant's immediate family, the court may remit all or part of the amount due in costs or modify the method of payment.
Misdemeanor Not provided for Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Determined by judge after hearing Yes

Waive or reduce fee