Ability to Pay

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State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Level of offense Definition of ability to pay Timeline Burden of proof Method of determination Mandatory Remedies if unable to pay
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Pennsylvania Pa. R. Crim. P. 706 Fines or Costs
(A) A court shall not commit the defendant to prison for failure to pay a fine or costs unless it appears after hearing that the defendant is financially able
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to pay the fine or costs. (B) When the court determines, after hearing, that the defendant is without the financial means to pay the fine or costs immediately or in a single remittance, the court may provide for payment of the fines or costs in such installments and over such period of time as it deems to be just and practicable, taking into account the financial resources of the defendant and the nature of the burden its payments will impose, as set forth in paragraph (D) below. (C) The court, in determining the amount and method of payment of a fine or costs shall, insofar as is just and practicable, consider the burden upon the defendant by reason of the defendant’s financial means, including the defendant’s ability to make restitution or reparations. (D) In cases in which the court has ordered payment of a fine or costs in installments, the defendant may request a rehearing on the payment schedule when the defendant is in default of a payment or when the defendant advises the court that such default is imminent. At such hearing, the burden shall be on the defendant to prove that his or her financial condition has deteriorated to the extent that the defendant is without the means to meet the payment schedule. Thereupon the court may extend or accelerate the payment schedule or leave it unaltered, as the court finds to be just and practicable under the circumstances of record. When there has been default and the court finds the defendant is not indigent, the court may impose imprisonment as provided by law for nonpayment.
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financial means to pay, taking account of financial resources and nature of burden

Not provided for Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Not provided for Yes

Installment Plans

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Pennsylvania 42 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 9726 Fine
The court shall not sentence a defendant to pay a fine unless it appears of record that:(1) the defendant is or will be able to pay the fine; and(2) the
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fine will not prevent the defendant from making restitution or reparation to the victim of the crime.(d) Financial resources.--In determining the amount and method of payment of a fine, the court shall take into account the financial resources of the defendant and the nature of the burden that its payment will impose.
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financial means to pay, taking account of financial resources and nature of burden

Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Yes

waiver of fine

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Pennsylvania 42 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 9730 Payment of Court Costs, Restitution, and Fines
If a defendant defaults in the payment of a fine, court costs or restitution after imposition of sentence, the issuing authority or a senior judge or senior magisterial district judge
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appointed by the president judge for the purposes of this section may conduct a hearing to determine whether the defendant is financially able to pay. . . If the issuing authority, senior judge or senior magisterial district judge determines that the defendant is without the financial means to pay the fine or costs immediately or in a single remittance, the issuing authority, senior judge or senior magisterial district judge may provide for payment in installments. In determining the appropriate installments, the issuing authority, senior judge or senior magisterial district judge shall consider the defendant's financial resources, the defendant's ability to make restitution and reparations and the nature of the burden the payment will impose on the defendant. If the defendant is in default of a payment or advises the issuing authority, senior judge or senior magisterial district judge that default is imminent, the issuing authority, senior judge or senior magisterial district judge may schedule a rehearing on the payment schedule. At the rehearing the defendant has the burden of proving changes of financial condition such that the defendant is without the means to meet the payment schedule. The issuing authority, senior judge or senior magisterial district judge may extend or accelerate the schedule, leave it unaltered or sentence the defendant to a period of community service as the issuing authority, senior judge or senior magisterial district judge finds to be just and practicable under the circumstances.
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financial means to pay, taking account of financial resources and nature of burden

At enforcement of fine or fee Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Not provided for No

extension or acceleration of payment schedule; community service

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Pennsylvania 18 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 7508.1(b) Substance Abuse Education and Demand Reduction Fund.
Unless the court finds that undue hardship would result, a mandatory cost of $100, which shall be in addition to any other costs imposed pursuant to statutory authority, shall automatically
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be assessed on any individual convicted, adjudicated delinquent or granted Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition or any individual who pleads guilty or nolo contendere for a violation of the act of April 14, 1972 (P.L. 233, No. 64)1, known as The Controlled Substance, Drug, Device and Cosmetic Act, or a violation of 75 Pa.C.S. § 3802 (relating to driving under influence of alcohol or controlled substance).
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not specified

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Pennsylvania 18 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 1106 Restitution for injuries to person or property
At the time of sentencing the court shall specify the amount and method of restitution. In determining the amount and method of restitution, the court: (i) Shall consider the extent
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of injury suffered by the victim, the victim's request for restitution as presented to the district attorney in accordance with paragraph (4) and such other matters as it deems appropriate. (ii) May order restitution in a lump sum, by monthly installments or according to such other schedule as it deems just. (iii) Shall not order incarceration of a defendant for failure to pay restitution if the failure results from the offender's inability to pay.
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payment plan

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Pennsylvania 18 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 11.1102 Costs for offender supervision programs
1) For offenders under supervision of a county probation department or the board as of August 14, 1991, the fee shall automatically become a part of the supervision conditions as
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if the court or board had imposed it unless the court or board makes a finding that the offender is presently unable to pay.(2) The court or board may make a finding that the offender is unable to pay based on any of the following factors: (i) The offender has diligently attempted but has been unable to obtain employment that provides the offender sufficient income to make such payments. (ii) The offender is a student in a school, a college, a university or a course of vocational or technical training designed to fit the student for gainful employment. (iii) The offender has an employment handicap as determined by an examination acceptable to or ordered by the court or board. (iv) The offender's age prevents employment. (v) The offender is responsible for the support of dependents, and the payment of the assessment constitutes an undue hardship on the offender.(vi) Other extenuating circumstances as determined by the court or board.
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1) For offenders under supervision of a county probation department or the board as of August 14, 1991, the fee shall automatically become a part of the supervision conditions as

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if the court or board had imposed it unless the court or board makes a finding that the offender is presently unable to pay.(2) The court or board may make a finding that the offender is unable to pay based on any of the following factors: (i) The offender has diligently attempted but has been unable to obtain employment that provides the offender sufficient income to make such payments. (ii) The offender is a student in a school, a college, a university or a course of vocational or technical training designed to fit the student for gainful employment. (iii) The offender has an employment handicap as determined by an examination acceptable to or ordered by the court or board. (iv) The offender's age prevents employment. (v) The offender is responsible for the support of dependents, and the payment of the assessment constitutes an undue hardship on the offender.(vi) Other extenuating circumstances as determined by the court or board.

Not provided for Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Not provided for Yes Not provided for