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State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Level of offense Definition of ability to pay Timeline Burden of proof Method of determination Mandatory Remedies if unable to pay
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Florida Fla. Stat. §27.52(2) Determination of indigent statutus
(2) DETERMINATION BY THE CLERK.—The clerk of the court shall determine whether an applicant seeking appointment of a public defender is indigent based upon the information provided in the application and
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the criteria prescribed in this subsection.(a) An applicant, including an applicant who is a minor or an adult tax-dependent person, is indigent if the applicant’s income is equal to or below 200 percent of the then-current federal poverty guidelines prescribed for the size of the household of the applicant by the United States Department of Health and Human Services or if the person is receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families-Cash Assistance, poverty-related veterans’ benefits, or Supplemental Security Income (SSI). 1. There is a presumption that the applicant is not indigent if the applicant owns, or has equity in, any intangible or tangible personal property or real property or the expectancy of an interest in any such property having a net equity value of $2,500 or more, excluding the value of the person’s homestead and one vehicle having a net value not exceeding $5,000. 2. Notwithstanding the information that the applicant provides, the clerk may conduct a review of the property records for the county in which the applicant resides and the motor vehicle title records of the state to identify any property interests of the applicant under this paragraph. The clerk may evaluate and consider the results of the review in making a determination under this subsection. If the review is conducted, the clerk shall maintain the results of the review in a file with the application and provide the file to the court if the applicant seeks review under subsection (4) of the clerk’s determination of indigent status. (b) Based upon its review, the clerk shall make one of the following determinations: 1. The applicant is not indigent. 2. The applicant is indigent.
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Inability to pay: Indigent (An applicant, including an applicant who is a minor or an adult tax-dependent person, is indigent if the applicant’s income is equal to or below 200

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percent of the then-current federal poverty guidelines).

Before imposition of fine or fee Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Other No

Supervision fee

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Oklahoma Okla. Stat. tit. 22, § 991a(A)(4) Sentencing powers of court--Alcohol and drug assessment and evaluation--Restitution, fines, or incarceration--Victim impact statements--Probation and monitoring--DNA samples
if, in the opinion of the court, the defendant is able to pay without imposing manifest hardship on the defendant, and if the costs incurred by the Bureau during the
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investigation of the defendant's case may be determined with reasonable certainty;
All Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Other Yes

None specified

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Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws § 780.794(11) Juvenile probation
(11) If the juvenile is placed on probation, any restitution ordered under this section shall be a condition of that probation. The court may revoke probation if the juvenile fails
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to comply with the order and if the juvenile has not made a good faith effort to comply with the order. In determining whether to revoke probation, the court shall consider the juvenile's employment status, earning ability, and financial resources, the willfulness of the juvenile's failure to pay, and any other special circumstances that may have a bearing on the juvenile's ability to pay.
All Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Other No

Modification of the amount or method of payment

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Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws § 780.794(12) Juvenile probation
(12) Subject to subsection (18), a juvenile who is required to pay restitution and who is not in willful default of the payment of the restitution may at any time
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petition the court to modify the method of payment. If the court determines that payment under the order will impose a manifest hardship on the juvenile or his or her immediate family, and if the court also determines that modifying the method of payment will not impose a manifest hardship on the victim, the court may modify the method of payment.
All Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Other Yes

Not specified

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Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws § 780.794(14) Juvenile probation
(14) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a juvenile shall not be detained or imprisoned for a violation of probation or parole or otherwise for failure to pay restitution
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as ordered under this section unless the court determines that the juvenile has the resources to pay the ordered restitution and has not made a good faith effort to do so.
All Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Other Yes

Not specified

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Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws § 780.794(15) Juvenile probation
(15) If the court determines that the juvenile is or will be unable to pay all of the restitution ordered, after notice to the juvenile's parent or parents and an
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opportunity for the parent or parents to be heard, the court may order the parent or parents having supervisory responsibility for the juvenile at the time of the acts upon which an order of restitution is based to pay any portion of the restitution ordered that is outstanding. . .
All Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Other Yes

Not specified

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Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws § 780.794(16) Juvenile probation
(16) If the court orders a parent to pay restitution under subsection (15), the court shall take into account the parent's financial resources and the burden that the payment of
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restitution will impose
All Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Other Yes

Not specified

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Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws § 780.794(17) Juvenile probation
(17) A parent who has been ordered to pay restitution under subsection (15) may petition the court for a modification of the amount of restitution owed by the parent or
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for a cancellation of any unpaid portion of the parent's obligation. The court shall cancel all or part of the parent's obligation due if the court determines that payment of the amount due will impose a manifest hardship on the parent and if the court also determines that modifying the method of payment will not impose a manifest hardship on the victim.
All Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Other Yes

Not specified

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Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1a(10-14) Restitution - limitations
(10) If not otherwise provided by the court under this subsection, restitution shall be made immediately. However, the court may require that the defendant make restitution under this section within
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a specified period or in specified installments. (11) If the defendant is placed on probation or paroled or the court imposes a conditional sentence under section 3 of this chapter, any restitution ordered under this section shall be a condition of that probation, parole, or sentence. The court may revoke probation or impose imprisonment under the conditional sentence and the parole board may revoke parole if the defendant fails to comply with the order and if the defendant has not made a good faith effort to comply with the order. In determining whether to revoke probation or parole or impose imprisonment, the court or parole board shall consider the defendant's employment status, earning ability, and financial resources, the willfulness of the defendant's failure to pay, and any other special circumstances that may have a bearing on the defendant's ability to pay. (12) A defendant who is required to pay restitution and who is not in willful default of the payment of the restitution may at any time petition the sentencing judge or his or her successor to modify the method of payment. If the court determines that payment under the order will impose a manifest hardship on the defendant or his or her immediate family, the court may modify the method of payment. . . . (14) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a defendant shall not be imprisoned, jailed, or incarcerated for a violation of probation or parole or otherwise for failure to pay restitution as ordered under this section unless the court or parole board determines that the defendant has the resources to pay the ordered restitution and has not made a good faith effort to do so.
All Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Other No

Change method of payment; not make condition of probation, parole, or sentence

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Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1b Review hearing for juvenile placed on probation and committed
If legal counsel has not been retained or appointed to represent the juvenile, the court shall appoint legal counsel and may assess the cost of providing counsel as costs against
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the juvenile or those responsible for the juvenile's support, or both, if the persons to be assessed are financially able to comply.
All Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Other Yes

Not specified

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Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws § 771.3c Order of probation; probation supervision fee; allocation of money collected for multiple obligations; juvenile committed pursuant to youth rehabilitation services act
The court may order a higher amount than indicated by the table, up to the maximum of $135.00 multiplied by the number of months of probation ordered, but not more
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than 60 months, if the court determines that the probationer has sufficient assets or other financial resources to warrant the higher amount. If the court orders a higher amount, the amount and the reasons for ordering that amount shall be stated in the court order. The fee shall be collected as provided in section 25a of the corrections code of 1953, 1953 PA 232, MCL 791.225a. A person shall not be subject to more than 1 supervision fee at the same time. If a supervision fee is ordered for a person for any month or months during which that person already is subject to a supervision fee, the court shall waive the fee having the shorter remaining duration.
All Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Other No

Not specified

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Washington DC DC ST § 11-2604 (f) Payment for representation
(f) If a person for whom counsel is appointed under this section appeals to the District of Columbia Court of Appeals, such person may do so without prepayment of fees
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and costs or security therefor and without filing the affidavit required by section 1915(a) of title 28, United States Code.
All Not provided for Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Other Yes

May proceed without prepayment of fees

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New Jersey N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:45-1 Conditions of Suspension or Probation This fee may be waived in cases of indigency upon application by the chief probation officer to the sentencing court. All Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Other No

waived

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Virginia Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-251 Program costs - ability to pay
The court shall require the person entering such program under the provisions of this section to pay all or part of the costs of the program, including the costs of
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the screening, assessment, testing, and treatment, based upon the accused's ability to pay unless the person is determined by the court to be indigent.
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Indigence

Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Other Yes

exemption from payment of fees

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Virginia Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-258.1(H) Program costs - indigency
The court shall require the person entering such program under the provisions of this section to pay all or part of the costs of the program, including the costs of
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the screening, evaluation, testing and education, based upon the person's ability to pay unless the person is determined by the court to be indigent.
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Indigence

Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Other Yes

exemption from payment of fees

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Mississippi Miss. Code Ann. § 99-19-20 (2) Fines; payment; indigent defendants; inability to work or unavailability of work
The defendant shall not be imprisoned if the defendant is financially unable to pay a fine and so states to the court in writing, under oath, after sentence is pronounced,
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and the court so finds
All Not provided for At defendant's request at enforcement Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Other Yes

work for the county

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Mississippi Miss. Code Ann. § 47-5-1007 (1)(b) sliding scale based on a sliding scale using the standard of need for each family that is used to calculate TANF benefits Misdemeanor

TANF benefits recipient

Not provided for Not provided for Other Yes

sliding scale for payment

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Vermont Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 § 5238(f) Co-payment and reimbursement orders
A person who may be or has been ordered to pay all or part of the cost of representation by co-payment or reimbursement order may at any time petition the
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court making the order for remission of all of the amount or any part thereof. If it appears to the satisfaction of the court that payment of the amount due will impose manifest hardships on the defendant or the defendant's immediate family or that the circumstances of case disposition and the interests of justice so require, the court may remit all or part of the amount due or modify the method of payment.
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"will impose manifest hardships on the defendant"

At defendant's request before imposition of fine or fee Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Other No

remit all or part of the amount due or modify the method of payment

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Vermont Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 § 7180(f)(1) Community service for traffic offense
A defendant who is not incarcerated may file a motion to convert all or part of a traffic offense fine to community service. The Court may grant the motion if
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the defendant establishes that he or she has made a good faith effort to pay the fine but is unable to do so. A fine converted to community service pursuant to this subsection shall not be considered a modification of sentence and shall not be subject to the time limits of Vermont Rule of Criminal Procedure 35.
Traffic

"made a good faith effort to pay the fine but is unable to do so"

At defendant's request at enforcement Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Other No

Convert to community service

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Florida Fla. Stat. §922.04 Discharge of prisoner unable to pay fine
When the court determines on the written application of a prisoner that he or she has been imprisoned for 60 days solely for failure to pay a fine or costs
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which total not more than $300 and that the prisoner is indigent and unable to pay the fine or costs, the court shall order the prisoner discharged from custody.
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Inability to pay: Indigent and unable to pay cost not more than $300

Not provided for Not provided for Other Yes

Discharge or Release from custody