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Fines and Fees
State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Amount Type of financial obligation Type of court Level of offense Mandatory Imposed by Delegation of authority
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Maryland Md. Code Ann., Transp. § 27-101(c)(3) removed, falsified, or unauthorized identification number or registration card
Any person who is convicted of a violation of any of the provisions of the following sections of this article is subject to a fine of not more than $500
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or imprisonment for not more than 2 months or both: § 14-104 (“Damaging or tampering with vehicle”);
$0 - $500 Fine All Misdemeanor No Court N/A
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Maryland Md. Code Ann., Transp. § 27-101(c)(4) altered or forged documents and plates
Any person who is convicted of a violation of any of the provisions of the following sections of this article is subject to a fine of not more than $500
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or imprisonment for not more than 2 months or both: § 14-107 (“Removed, falsified, or unauthorized identification number or registration card or plate”);
$0 - $500 Fine All Misdemeanor No Court N/A
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Maryland Md. Code Ann., Transp. § 27-101(c)(5) prohibited acts: vehicle sales transactions
Any person who is convicted of a violation of any of the provisions of the following sections of this article is subject to a fine of not more than $500
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or imprisonment for not more than 2 months or both: § 14-110 (“Altered or forged documents and plates”);
$0 - $500 Fine All Misdemeanor No Court N/A
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Maryland Md. Code Ann., Transp. § 27-101(c)(6) prohibited acts: advertising practices
Any person who is convicted of a violation of any of the provisions of the following sections of this article is subject to a fine of not more than $500
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or imprisonment for not more than 2 months or both: § 15-312 (“Dealers: Prohibited acts--Vehicle sales transactions”);
$0 - $500 Fine All Misdemeanor No Court N/A
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Maryland Md. Code Ann., Transp. § 27-101(c)(7) prohibited acts: violation of licensing law
Any person who is convicted of a violation of any of the provisions of the following sections of this article is subject to a fine of not more than $500
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or imprisonment for not more than 2 months or both: § 15-313 (“Dealers: Prohibited acts--Advertising practices”);
$0 - $500 Fine All Misdemeanor No Court N/A
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Maryland Md. Code Ann., Transp. § 27-101(c)(8) prohibited acts: vehicle salesman
Any person who is convicted of a violation of any of the provisions of the following sections of this article is subject to a fine of not more than $500
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or imprisonment for not more than 2 months or both: § 15-314 (“Dealers: Prohibited acts--Violation of licensing laws”);
$0 - $500 Fine All Misdemeanor No Court N/A
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Maryland Md. Code Ann., Transp. § 27-101(c)(9) prohibited acts: violation of alcohol restriction
Any person who is convicted of a violation of any of the provisions of the following sections of this article is subject to a fine of not more than $500
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or imprisonment for not more than 2 months or both: § 15-411 (“Vehicle salesmen: Prohibited acts”);
$0 - $500 Fine All Misdemeanor No Court N/A
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Maryland Md. Code Ann., Transp. § 27-101(c)(10) prohibited acts: unlawful use of license
Any person who is convicted of a violation of any of the provisions of the following sections of this article is subject to a fine of not more than $500
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or imprisonment for not more than 2 months or both: § 16-113(j) (“Violation of alcohol restriction”);
$0 - $500 Fine All Misdemeanor No Court N/A
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Maryland Md. Code Ann., Transp. § 27-101(c)(11) prohibited acts: leaving scene of accident
Any person who is convicted of a violation of any of the provisions of the following sections of this article is subject to a fine of not more than $500
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or imprisonment for not more than 2 months or both: § 16-301, except § 16-301(a) or (b) (“Unlawful use of license”);
$0 - $500 Fine All Misdemeanor No Court N/A
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Maryland Md. Code Ann., Transp. § 27-101(c)(12) prohibited acts: accidents resulting only in damage to attended vehicle or property
Any person who is convicted of a violation of any of the provisions of the following sections of this article is subject to a fine of not more than $500
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or imprisonment for not more than 2 months or both: § 20-103 (“Driver to remain at scene--Accidents resulting only in damage to attended vehicle or property”);
$0 - $500 Fine All Misdemeanor No Court N/A
Poverty Penalties and Poverty Traps
State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Type of poverty penalty or poverty trap Type of financial obligation Type of court Level of offense Mandatory
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-26-401 Nonsupport
(d) A district court located in a county having a population in excess of two hundred thousand (200,000) inhabitants shall cause a warrant of arrest to be issued upon affidavit of
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a spouse or any person who is responsible for maintenance of a dependent child who states that nonsupport has taken place.
Incarceration Fee State, Municipal All Yes
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-26-413   Temporary Support Order
  At any time before a trial or pending appeal, upon motion of a complainant and upon notice to the defendant, the court may: ...(2) Punish for violation of the temporary
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support order as for contempt.
Incarceration Other State All No
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-26-414    Order for periodic payments -- Release of defendant on own recognizance (c) Failure to appear is punishable by imprisonment for not less than ten (10) days nor more than ninety (90) days and shall not be suspended Incarceration Other State All Yes
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 16-98-304(b) Cost and fees
(b)(1) The drug court judge shall establish a schedule for the payment of costs and fees. . . (7) Court orders for costs and fees shall remain an obligation of
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the offender with court monitoring until fully paid
Payment plan/installment plan Fee, Supervision fee State All Yes
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 16-98-304(b) Cost and fees
(b)(1) The drug court judge shall establish a schedule for the payment of costs and fees. . . (7) Court orders for costs and fees shall remain an obligation of
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the offender with court monitoring until fully paid
Condition or extension of supervision Fee, Supervision fee State All Yes
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Colorado Colo. Rev. Stat. § 17-10-103 Action for reimbursement of cost of care
When any person has been sentenced to confinement in a local jail or a correctional facility or to home detention or has been granted probation or has been placed on
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parole by the state board of parole and the sentencing court has not entered an order pursuant to section 18-1.3-701, C.R.S., requiring such person to pay the full cost of care incurred during such person's sentence, the state, the appropriate prosecuting attorney, the department of corrections, the judicial department, or any government agency which has incurred cost of care of such person may file an action for reimbursement for cost of care.
Increased fine Other All All No
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-74. Remission of fine. Not specified All All All No
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-151 Cost of transcript and printing on appeal. Not specified All All All No
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-147 Rules for payment of expenses. Waiver of fee or cost. Burden on defendant to show inability to pay All All All No
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Delaware Del. Code Ann. tit. 10, ? 8603 Nonpayment of costs
(e) A default in the payment of defense costs or any installment thereof may be collected by any means authorized by law for the enforcement of a judgment. The
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levy of execution for the collection of such payment shall not discharge a defendant committed for imprisonment for contempt until the full amount of the fine has actually been collected. The court shall have the power to pursue civil enforcement to obtain the money due on behalf of the State, and to also pursue criminal remedies when civil means are not effective.
Incarceration Fee State All No
Ability to Pay
State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Type of financial obligation Type of court Level of offense Definition of ability to pay Timeline Burden of proof Hearing requirement(s) Method of determination Mandatory Remedies if unable to pay
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-65-114   Inability to pay -- Alternative public service work
 If a court finds that a person against whom fines, fees, or court costs are levied for violating this chapter is financially unable to pay the fines, fees, or costs,
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the court shall order the person to perform public service work as the court determines is appropriate.
Fine State, Municipal All Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Yes

Community Service

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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 16-93-104   Supervision fee -- Direct payment by offender -- Failure to pay
(b) (1) When an offender on probation defaults in the payment of supervision fees or any installment thereof, the court may require the offender to show cause why he
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or she would not be imprisoned for nonpayment. (2) The offender shall not be imprisoned if the offender is financially unable to make the payments and states so to the court in writing, under oath, and the court so finds. (3) Unless the offender shows that his or her default was not attributable to a purposeful refusal to obey the sentence of the court or to a failure on his or her part to make a good faith effort to obtain the funds required for payment, the court may order the defendant imprisoned until the payments are made. (4) If the court determines that the default in payment is not attributable to the causes specified in subdivision (b)(3) of this section, the court may enter an order allowing the offender additional time for payment, reducing the amount of each installment, or revoking the fees or the unpaid portion thereof in whole or in part. (c) (1) The offender on parole may be imprisoned for violation of parole if the offender is financially able to make the payments and if the payments are not made and the Parole Board so finds, subject to the limitations set out in this subsection. (2) The offender shall not be imprisoned if the offender is financially unable to make the payments and states so under oath to the Parole Board in writing, and the Parole Board so finds. (d) Court costs under § 16-10-305 shall be collected in full before any fees are collected under this section.
Fee All All Not provided for Not provided for Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Not provided for Not provided for Yes

Additional time, reduced payments, revoke fees.

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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-4-303 Conditions of suspension and probation The amount of the assessed attorney's fee shall be commensurate with the defendant's ability to pay. Fee State, Municipal All Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Yes

Waiver/reduction of fee

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Colorado Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-1.3-507(6) Community or useful public service--misdemeanors
The court shall assess an amount, not to exceed one hundred twenty dollars, upon every person required to perform community or useful public service pursuant to section 18-1.3-501(2). The court
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may waive this fee if the court determines the defendant to be indigent.
Supervision fee All All

"Indigent"

Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for No Not provided for
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Colorado Colo. Rev. Stat. § 17-10-103 Action for reimbursement of cost of care
In an action filed pursuant to this article, the plaintiff seeking reimbursement for cost of care shall demonstrate that the offender substantially misrepresented such offender's financial status to the sentencing
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court or that such offender's financial circumstances have changed substantially after sentencing.
Other All All

"sufficient assets to pay all or part of the cost of care

At enforcement of fine or fee Burden on government to show ability to pay

Hearing required

Determined by judge after hearing No Not provided for
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Colorado Colo. Rev. Stat. §18-19-103(6) Source of revenues--allocation of moneys
(a) The court may not waive any portion of the surcharge required by this section unless the court first finds that the drug offender is financially unable to pay any
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portion of said surcharge.(b) The finding required by paragraph (a) of this subsection (6) shall only be made after a hearing at which the drug offender shall have the burden of presenting clear and convincing evidence that he is financially unable to pay any portion of the surcharge. (c) The court shall waive only that portion of the surcharge which the court has found the drug offender is financially unable to pay.
Surcharge All Felony

None given

Not provided for Burden on defendant to show inability to pay

Hearing required

Determined by judge after hearing No Not provided for
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Colorado Colo. Rev. Stat. §18-21-103(4) Source of revenues--allocation of moneys
The court may waive all or any portion of the surcharge required by this section if the court finds that a person convicted of a sex offense is indigent or
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financially unable to pay all or any portion of such surcharge. The court shall waive only that portion of the surcharge which the court has found that the person convicted of a sex offense is financially unable to pay.
Surcharge All Felony, Misdemeanor

None given

Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for No Not provided for
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Colorado Colo. Rev. Stat. §18-24-103(3) Source of revenues--allocation of moneys
(3) The court may waive all or any portion of the surcharge required by section 18-24-102 if the court finds that a person convicted of a crime against a child
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is indigent or financially unable to pay all or any portion of the surcharge. The court may waive only that portion of the surcharge that the court finds that the person convicted of a crime against a child is financially unable to pay.
Surcharge All Felony, Misdemeanor

None given

Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for No Not provided for
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Colorado Colo. Rev. Stat. §18-25-101(4) Restorative justice surcharge--definitions
The court may waive all or any portion of the surcharge required by subsection (1) of this section if the court finds that a person or juvenile is indigent or
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financially unable to pay all or any portion of the surcharge. The court may waive only that portion of the surcharge that the court finds that the person or juvenile is financially unable to pay.
Surcharge All All

None given

Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for No Not provided for
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Colorado Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-26-101(3) Statewide discovery sharing system surcharge
The court may waive all or any portion of the surcharge required by this section if the court finds that a person convicted of a crime is indigent or financially
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unable to pay all or any portion of the surcharge. The court may waive only that portion of the surcharge that the court finds that the person convicted of a crime is financially unable to pay.
Surcharge All Felony, Misdemeanor

None given

Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for No Not provided for
Transparency
State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Type of obligation Actor
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Colorado Colo. Rev. Stat. §17-1-113(4)(e); Colo. Rev. Stat. §17-1-113(5) Inmate copays
(e) The information to be obtained by department personnel at the time of the inmate's medical, dental, mental health, or optometric visit on a standardized department form, including the inmate's
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name, the inmate's identification number, the amount of the copayment assessed, if any, the reason for the visit, the type of service rendered, and the basis for any waiver of the copayment (5) The department shall monitor the information collected pursuant to paragraph (e) of subsection (4) of this section to ensure that the copayment procedures are being applied consistently to all inmate
Obligation to collect or record State/statewide agency
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Florida Fla. Stat. §794.055(3)(c) Access to services for victims of sexual battery
The department shall ensure that funds allocated under this section are expended in a manner that is consistent with the requirements of this section. The department may require an annual
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audit of the expenditures and shall provide a report to the Legislature by February 1 of each year.
Obligation to report/conduct analysis State/statewide agency
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Florida Fla. Stat. §828.27(6) Local animal control or cruelty ordinances; penalty
The governing body of a county or municipality may require mandatory court appearances for certain aggravated violations of a local ordinance resulting in the unprovoked biting, attacking, or wounding of
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a domestic animal; violations resulting in the destruction or loss of personal property; second or subsequent violations of local animal cruelty laws; or violations resulting in the issuance of a third or subsequent citation to a person. The citation must clearly inform the person of the mandatory court appearance. The governing body of the county or municipality shall maintain records to prove the number of citations issued to the person. Persons required to appear in court do not have the option of paying the fine instead of appearing in court.
Obligation to collect or record Local jurisdiction
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Florida Fla. Stat. §938.19(5) Teen courts
A teen court must account for all funds received under this section in a written report to the board of county commissioners. The report must be given to the commissioners
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by August 1 of each year or by a date required by the commissioners.
Obligation to report/conduct analysis Municipal court
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Florida Fla. Stat. §939.185(1)(a) Assessment of additional court costs and surcharges
Each county receiving funds under this section shall report the amount of funds collected pursuant to this section and an itemized list of expenditures for all authorized programs and activities.
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The report shall be submitted in a format developed by the Supreme Court to the Governor, the Chief Financial Officer, the President of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives on a quarterly basis beginning with the quarter ending September 30, 2004. Quarterly reports shall be submitted no later than 30 days after the end of the quarter. Any unspent funds at the close of the county fiscal year allocated under subparagraphs 2., 3., and 4., shall be transferred for use pursuant to subparagraph 1.
Obligation to report/conduct analysis County
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Florida Fla. Stat. §316.1937(2)(b) Ignition interlock devices, requiring; unlawful acts
(2) If the court imposes the use of an ignition interlock device, the court shall:(a) Stipulate on the record the requirement for, and the period of, the use of a
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certified ignition interlock device. (b) Order that the records of the department reflect such requirement. (c) Order that an ignition interlock device be installed, as the court may determine necessary, on any vehicle owned or operated by the person. (d) Determine the person’s ability to pay for installation of the device if the person claims inability to pay. If the court determines that the person is unable to pay for installation of the device, the court may order that any portion of a fine paid by the person for a violation of s. 316.193 shall be allocated to defray the costs of installing the device. (e) Require proof of installation of the device and periodic reporting to the department for verification of the operation of the device in the person’s vehicle.
Obligation to collect or record Department of Motor Vehicles
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Florida Fla. Stat. §985.039(10) Cost of supervision; cost of care
The department or the collection agency shall provide to the payor documentation of the payment of any fee paid pursuant to this section. Except as provided in subsection (9), all
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payments received by the department or the collection agency pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the department’s Grants and Donations Trust Fund.
Obligation to respond to public records requests State/statewide agency
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Florida Fla. Stat. §938.15(2) Criminal justice education for local government
The Criminal Justice Standards and Training Commission may inspect and copy the documentation of independent audits conducted of the municipalities and counties which make such assessments to ensure that such
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assessments have been made and that expenditures are in conformance with the requirements of this subsection and with other applicable procedures.
Obligation to report/conduct analysis State/statewide agency
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Florida Fla. Stat. §28.24 Service charges The clerk of the circuit court shall charge for services rendered manually or electronically by the clerk’s office in recording documents and instruments and in performing other specified duties. Obligation to collect or record Clerk
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Georgia Ga. Code Ann. § 15-11-37(b)(2) Supervision fees The funds in which supervision fees are deposited shall be administered by the county and the court may draw upon them by submitting invoices to the county. Obligation to report/conduct analysis State courts
Collections Infrastructure
State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Who may collect
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New Jersey N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2A:158A-19 Collection by public defenders
The Public Defender in the name of the State shall do all things necessary and proper to collect all moneys due to the State by way of reimbursement for services
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rendered pursuant to this act. He may enter into arrangements with one or more agencies of the State, including the comprehensive enforcement program established pursuant to the provisions of P.L.1995, c. 9 (C.2B:19-1 et seq.) or of the counties to handle said collections on a cost basis to the extent that such arrangements are calculated to simplify collection procedures. He shall have all the remedies and may take all of the proceedings for the collection thereof which may be had or taken for or upon the recovery of a judgment in a civil action and may institute and maintain any action or proceeding in the courts necessary therefor. In any such proceedings or action, the defendant may contest the value of the service rendered by the Public Defender.
Other
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New Jersey N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:46-4 Collection by supervision agency
All fines, assessments imposed pursuant to section 2 of P.L.1979, c. 396 (C.2C:43-3.1), all penalties imposed pursuant to section 1 of P.L.1999, c. 295 (C.2C:43-3.5), all penalties imposed pursuant to section 11
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of P.L.2001, c. 81 (C.2C:43-3.6), all penalties imposed pursuant to section 1 of P.L.2005, c. 73 (C.2C:14-10), all penalties imposed pursuant to section 1 of P.L.2009, c. 143 (C.2C:43-3.8), all penalties imposed pursuant to section 7 of P.L.2013, c. 214 (C.30:4-123.97) and restitution imposed by the Superior Court or otherwise imposed at the county level, shall be collected by the county probation division except when such fine, assessment or restitution is imposed in conjunction with a custodial sentence to a State correctional facility or in conjunction with a term of incarceration imposed pursuant to section 25 of P.L.1982, c. 77 (C.2A:4A-44) in which event such fine, assessment or restitution shall be collected by the Department of Corrections or the Juvenile Justice Commission established pursuant to section 2 of P.L.1995, c. 284 (C.52:17B-170).
Supervision agency
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New Jersey N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:46-4 Collection by municipal court
All fines, assessments imposed pursuant to section 2 of P.L.1979, c. 396 (C.2C:43-3.1), any penalty imposed pursuant to section 1 of P.L.1999, c. 295 (C.2C:43-3.5) and restitution imposed by a
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municipal court shall be collected by the municipal court administrator except if such fine, assessments imposed pursuant to section 2 of P.L.1979, c. 396 (C.2C:43-3.1), or restitution is ordered as a condition of probation in which event it shall be collected by the county probation division.
Municipal court
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Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws § 600.4841 Collections;  payment to county treasurer
(1) All officers or other persons who collect or receive any moneys on account of any penalty shall pay over the same to the county treasurer on or before the
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last day of the month following. (2) Upon learning that any person has neglected to pay over such moneys within such time, the county treasurer shall proceed in the circuit court for the county to collect such moneys.
All
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Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws § 12.133 Agreement;  provisions
An agreement entered into under this act shall provide for at least all of the following: (a) Assignment to the state for collection by the department of amounts that have been
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due and owing the court for not less than 180 days, including, but not limited to, any or all of the following: (i) Fees, including reinstatement fees. (ii) Fines. (iii) Forfeitures. (iv) Penalties and costs assessed for criminal offenses, including the costs of prosecution and providing court-ordered legal assistance to the defendant. (v) Penalties and costs assessed for civil infractions, civil violations, and parking violations. (vi) Penalties and costs assessed for ordinance violations. (vii) Forfeited recognizances. (viii) Late penalties assessed pursuant to section 4803 of the revised judicature act of 1961, Act No. 236 of the Public Acts of 1961, being section 600.4803 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. (b) Provision of the information necessary for the department to identify, locate, and collect delinquent accounts. (c) Accounting for, settlement of, and transmission to the court of money collected pursuant to the agreement. (d) Collection of a fee by the state treasurer to recoup costs associated with the collection services.
State/statewide agency
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New Hampshire N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 616:4 Right of Town
If part of a penalty or forfeiture is payable to a town, corporation or board of public officers, they shall have the same rights in relation to such action and
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penalty as the county has in the cases aforesaid.
Municipal court
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New Hampshire N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 616:1 Jurisdiction
Any penalty or forfeiture of money may be recovered by action of debt before a justice if it does not exceed $13.33, before a municipal court if it does not
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exceed $100, and before the superior court in other cases.
All courts
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New Hampshire N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 616:5 Powers of Selectmen
Whenever a penalty or forfeiture or any part thereof is given to a town, the selectmen may sue therefor in the name of the town, shall defray the expenses of
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the action and may remit the penalty or forfeiture.
Other
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New Hampshire N.H. Rev. Stat. § 504-A:12 Powers and Duties of Probation or Parole Officers
The powers and duties of probation or parole officers shall be:
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VI. To collect or to supervise the collection of any fees, fines, or restitution payments ordered and to administratively process these funds under rules adopted under RSA 541-A by the commissioner.
Supervision agency
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New Hampshire N.H. Rev. Stat. § 604-A:9(VII) Repayment
The commissioner of administrative services, with the approval of governor and council, is authorized to enter into contracts to secure the repayment of fees and expenses paid by the state
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as provided for in this section. Any person or entity with whom the commissioner so contracts may bring any legal or equitable action authorized by law, including any petition authorized by this section, to secure an order for repayment, or repayment pursuant to any order, of fees and expenses paid by the state which are recoverable by the state under this section. The contract or contracts authorized by this paragraph may include provisions by which the contractor may, as consideration in whole or in part for services, receive a percentage of the amounts recovered on behalf of the state.
Private actors
Revenue Flow
State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Who collects the funding Who receives the funding Other beneficiaries Type of financial obligation Type of court Level of offense
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-4-303  Conditions of Suspension or Probation - Attorney's Fees
 (g) (4)  (A) The assessed attorney's fee under subdivision (g)(2) of this section shall be collected by the county or city official, agency, or department designated under § 16-13-709 as primarily responsible
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for the collection of fines assessed in a circuit court or district court of this state.  (B) On or before the tenth day of each month, the county or city official, agency, or department described in subdivision (g)(4)(A) of this section shall remit any assessed attorney's fee collected to the Arkansas Public Defender Commission on a form provided by the commission. (C) The commission shall deposit the money collected into a separate account within the State Central Services Fund to be known as "Public Defender Attorney Fees" to be used solely to defray costs for the commission.
County State/statewide agency No Fee State, Municipal All
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-4-205 Restitution
(6) (A) A judgment shall require payment to the Department of Community Correction. (B) The department shall provide for supervision and disbursement of funds
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under subdivision (g)(6)(A) of this section by the department's authorized economic sanction officers.
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-4-703   Additional fine -- Offense committed against a child or in the presence of a child
(b) (1) A fine assessed and collected under this section shall be remitted on or before the fifteenth day of the following month to the Arkansas Children's Advocacy Center
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Fund. (2) A form identifying the amount of fines assessed under this section shall be transmitted with the collected fines.
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-4-910   Disposition of Court Costs and User Fees
(a) All court costs and pre-adjudication probation program user fees assessed by the pre-adjudication probation program judge shall be paid to the circuit court clerk for remittance to the county
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treasury under § 14-14-1313.(b) The county treasurer shall credit all court costs received under this section to the county administration of justice fund to be distributed under § 16-10-307. (c) The county treasurer shall credit all pre-adjudication probation program user fees received under this section to a fund known as the county pre-adjudication probation program fund and appropriated by the quorum court for the benefit and administration of the pre-adjudication probation program.
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-26-310   Costs
(c) (1) Upon entering a plea of guilty or nolo contendere or being found guilty, a defendant violating §§ 5-26-303 -- 5-26-305 or §§ 5-26-307 -- 5-26-309 may be
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required to reimburse any abuse shelter or other entity providing a service to the victim under a provision of the Arkansas Crime Victims Reparations Act, § 16-90-701 et seq., if some proof of expense is provided in conjunction with the Arkansas Crime Victims Reparations Act, § 16-90-701 et seq. (2) (A) If the defendant maintains the home in which the abuse occurred and the victim will continue to incur lodging costs, the defendant may be ordered to continue to provide remuneration for the victim's lodging under a provision of the Arkansas Crime Victims Reparations Act, § 16-90-701 et seq., until an action is commenced in a court of competent jurisdiction.
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-26-412   Payment of fine to spouse or guardian  When a fine is imposed a court may direct that it be paid in whole or in part to a spouse or to a guardian or custodian of a child. All courts Private actors Beneficiaries of support orders. Fee State, Municipal All
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-26-414   Order for periodic payments -- Release of defendant on own recognizance
(a) In its discretion, the original trial court may: (1) Order a defendant who violates § 5-26-401 to pay a certain sum periodically, for a time not to
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exceed one (1) year, to the spouse or to the guardian or custodian of a child; and (2) Release the defendant from custody upon the defendant's entering a recognizance, with or without sureties, in such sum as the original trial court may direct.
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-55-107   Restitution
(a) In addition to any other fine that may be levied under § 5-4-201, any person found guilty of Medicaid fraud as described in this subchapter is required to:
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(1) Make full restitution to the Department of Human Services; and
All courts State/statewide agency Arkansas Department of Human Services Restitution State, Municipal All
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-55-107   Restitution
(a)(2) (A) Pay a mandatory fine in the amount of three (3) times the amount of all payments judicially found to have been illegally received from the Arkansas Medicaid
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Program or its fiscal agents. (B) The mandatory fine shall be credited to the general revenues of the State of Arkansas.
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-55-107   Restitution
(b) (1) In addition to any other fine mandated by this subchapter or that may be levied under § 5-4-201, any person found guilty of Medicaid fraud as described
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in this subchapter may be required to pay a fine into the State Treasury in any amount up to three thousand dollars ($3,000) for each claim judicially found to be fraudulently submitted to the Arkansas Medicaid Program or its fiscal agents. (2) A fine under subdivision (b)(1) of this section shall be credited to the general revenues of the State of Arkansas.
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Court Rules
State Citation Description/Statute Name Language from the rule When does the rule apply?
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Rhode Island $0 Child nudity prohibited in publications $15,000
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Rhode Island $0 Child pornography prohibited $5,000
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Rhode Island $0 Child pornography prohibited $5,000
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Rhode Island $0 Contributing to delinquency $500
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Rhode Island $0 Cruelty to or neglect of child $1,000
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Rhode Island $0 Child abuse - Brendan's Law $10,000
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Rhode Island $0 Child abuse - Brendan's Law $5,000
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Rhode Island $0 Child abuse - Brendan's Law $10,000
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Rhode Island $0 Penalty for loitering on curfew street $5
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Rhode Island $0 Cigarette and tobacco vending machines $500
Structure of Courts
State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Court/legal body Type of court Function Funding
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New Jersey N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2B:12-1; N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2B:12-17 Municipal court jurisdiction
A municipal court has jurisdiction over the following cases within the territorial jurisdiction of the court: a. Violations of county or municipal ordinances; b. Violations of the motor vehicle and
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traffic laws; c. Disorderly persons offenses, petty disorderly persons offenses and other non-indictable offenses except where exclusive jurisdiction is given to the Superior Court; d. Violations of the fish and game laws; e. Proceedings to collect a penalty where jurisdiction is granted by statute; f. Violations of laws regulating boating; and g. Any other proceedings where jurisdiction is granted by statute; A municipal court has jurisdiction over the following cases within the territorial jurisdiction of the court: a. Violations of county or municipal ordinances; b. Violations of the motor vehicle and traffic laws; c. Disorderly persons offenses, petty disorderly persons offenses and other non-indictable offenses except where exclusive jurisdiction is given to the Superior Court; d. Violations of the fish and game laws; e. Proceedings to collect a penalty where jurisdiction is granted by statute; f. Violations of laws regulating boating; and g. Any other proceedings where jurisdiction is granted by statute.
Municipal court Jurisdiction of the courts State and locally funded
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New Jersey N.J. Const. art. VI, § 3 State superior court jurisdiction
The Superior Court shall consist of such number of judges as may be authorized by law, each of whom shall exercise the powers of the court subject to rules of the
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Supreme Court. The Superior Court shall at all times consist of at least two judges who shall be assigned to sit in each of the counties of this State, and who are resident therein at the time of appointment and reappointment. The Superior Court shall have original general jurisdiction throughout the State in all causes
State court Jurisdiction of the courts State and locally funded
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New Jersey N.J. Const. art. VI, § 3 appellate court jurisdiction
The Superior Court shall be divided into an Appellate Division, a Law Division, and a Chancery Division, which shall include a family part. Each division shall have such other parts, consist of
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such number of judges, and hear such causes, as may be provided by rules of the Supreme Court. At least two judges of the Superior Court shall at all times be assigned to sit in each of the counties of the State, who at the time of their appointment and reappointment were residents of that county provided, however, that the number of judges required to reside in the county wherein they sit shall be at least equal in number to the number of judges of the county court sitting in each of the counties at the adoption of this amendment.
State court Jurisdiction of the courts State funded
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New Jersey N.J. Const. art. VI, § 1 Supreme Court jurisdiction
The judicial power shall be vested in a Supreme Court, a Superior Court, and other courts of limited jurisdiction. The other courts and their jurisdiction may from time to time
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be established, altered or abolished by law.
State court Jurisdiction of the courts State funded
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Alabama Ala.Code 1975 § 12-2-7 Supreme court - jurisdiction
(1) To exercise appellate jurisdiction coextensive with the state, under such restrictions and regulations as are prescribed by law; but, in deciding appeals, no weight shall be given the decision
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of the trial judge upon the facts where the evidence is not taken orally before the judge, but in such cases the Supreme Court shall weigh the evidence and give judgment as it deems just.(2) To exercise original jurisdiction in the issue and determination of writs of quo warranto and mandamus in relation to matters in which no other court has jurisdiction. (3) To issue writs of injunction, habeas corpus, and such other remedial and original writs as are necessary to give to it a general superintendence and control of courts of inferior jurisdiction. (4) To make and promulgate rules governing the administration of all courts and rules governing practice and procedure in all courts; provided, that such rules shall not abridge, enlarge, or modify the substantive right of any party nor affect the jurisdiction of circuit and district courts or venue of actions therein; and provided further, that the right of trial by jury as at common law and declared by Section 11 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901 shall be preserved to the parties inviolate. (5) To punish for contempts by the infliction of a fine not exceeding $100, and imprisonment not exceeding 10 days or both. (6) To transfer to the Court of Civil Appeals, for determination by that court, any civil case appealed to the Supreme Court and within the appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, except the following: a. A case that the Supreme Court determines presents a substantial question of federal or state constitutional law. b. A case that the Supreme Court determines involves a novel legal question, the resolution of which will have significant statewide impact. c. A utility rate case appealed directly to the Supreme Court under the provisions of Section 37-1-140. d. A bond validation proceeding appealed to the Supreme Court under the provisions of Section 6-6-754. e. A bar disciplinary proceeding. (7) To exercise such other powers as are or may be given to the Supreme Court by law.
State court Jurisdiction of the courts state funded
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Alabama Ala.Code 1975 § 12-3-9 Court of criminal appeals - jurisdiction
The Court of Criminal Appeals shall have exclusive appellate jurisdiction of all misdemeanors, including the violation of town and city ordinances, habeas corpus and all felonies, including all post conviction
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writs in criminal cases.
State court Jurisdiction of the courts state funded
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Alabama Ala.Code 1975 § 12-11-30 Circuit court - jurisdiction
(1) CIVIL. The circuit court shall have exclusive original jurisdiction of all civil actions in which the matter in controversy exceeds ten thousand dollars ($10,000), exclusive of interest and costs,
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and shall exercise original jurisdiction concurrent with the district court in all civil actions in which the matter in controversy exceeds six thousand dollars ($6,000), exclusive of interest and costs.(2) CRIMINAL. The circuit court shall have exclusive original jurisdiction of all felony prosecutions and of misdemeanor or ordinance violations which are lesser included offenses within a felony charge or which arise from the same incident as a felony charge; except, that the district court shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the circuit court to receive pleas of guilty in felony cases not punishable by sentence of death. The circuit court may, on conviction of a defendant, upon a showing of inability to make immediate payment of fine and costs, continue the case from time to time to permit the fine and costs to be paid. (3) APPELLATE. The circuit court shall have appellate jurisdiction of civil, criminal, and juvenile cases in district court and prosecutions for ordinance violations in municipal courts, except in cases in which direct appeal to the Courts of Civil or Criminal Appeals is provided by law or rule. Appeals to the circuit court shall be tried de novo, with or without a jury, as provided by law. (4) SUPERINTENDENCE OF DISTRICT, MUNICIPAL AND PROBATE COURTS. The circuit court shall exercise a general superintendence over all district courts, municipal courts, and probate courts. (5) CONTEMPTS. The circuit court may punish contempts by fines not exceeding one hundred dollars ($100) and by imprisonment not exceeding five days. The power of the circuit court to enforce its orders and judgments by determinations of civil contempt shall be unaffected by this section. (6) GENERAL. The circuit court shall have other powers as provided by law.
State court Jurisdiction of the courts state funded
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Michigan Michigan State Constitution Article VI Sec. 10 Michigan State Constitution Article VI Sec. 10 The jurisdiction of the court of appeals shall be provided by law and the practice and procedure therein shall be prescribed by rules of the supreme court. State court Jurisdiction of the courts State funded
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Michigan Michigan State Constitution Article VI Sec. 13 Michigan State Constitution Article VI Sec. 13
The circuit court shall have original jurisdiction in all matters not prohibited by law; appellate jurisdiction from all inferior courts and tribunals except as otherwise provided by law; power to
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issue, hear and determine prerogative and remedial writs; supervisory and general control over inferior courts and tribunals within their respective jurisdictions in accordance with rules of the supreme court; and jurisdiction of other cases and matters as provided by rules of the supreme court.
State court Jurisdiction of the courts State funded
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Michigan Michigan State Constitution Article VI Sec. 15 Michigan State Constitution Article VI Sec. 15
In each county organized for judicial purposes there shall be a probate court. The legislature may create or alter probate court districts of more than one county if approved in
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each affected county by a majority of the electors voting on the question. The legislature may provide for the combination of the office of probate judge with any judicial office of limited jurisdiction within a county with supplemental salary as provided by law. The jurisdiction, powers and duties of the probate court and of the judges thereof shall be provided by law. They shall have original jurisdiction in all cases of juvenile delinquents and dependents, except as otherwise provided by law.
County court Jurisdiction of the courts State and locally funded
Case Law
State Citation Question Brief Answer Language from the opinion When does the case apply?
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Rhode Island Child nudity prohibited in publications $15,000
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Rhode Island Child pornography prohibited $5,000
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Rhode Island Child pornography prohibited $5,000
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Rhode Island Contributing to delinquency $500
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Rhode Island Cruelty to or neglect of child $1,000
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Rhode Island Child abuse - Brendan's Law $10,000
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Rhode Island Child abuse - Brendan's Law $5,000
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Rhode Island Child abuse - Brendan's Law $10,000
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Rhode Island Penalty for loitering on curfew street $5
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Rhode Island Cigarette and tobacco vending machines $500
Attorney General Opinions
State Citation Description/Statute Name Question Brief answer Language from the opinion When does the case apply?
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Rhode Island $0 Child nudity prohibited in publications $15,000
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Rhode Island $0 Child pornography prohibited $5,000
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Rhode Island $0 Child pornography prohibited $5,000
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Rhode Island $0 Contributing to delinquency $500
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Rhode Island $0 Cruelty to or neglect of child $1,000
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Rhode Island $0 Child abuse - Brendan's Law $10,000
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Rhode Island $0 Child abuse - Brendan's Law $5,000
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Rhode Island $0 Child abuse - Brendan's Law $10,000
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Rhode Island $0 Penalty for loitering on curfew street $5
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Rhode Island $0 Cigarette and tobacco vending machines $500