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Fines and Fees
State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Amount Type of financial obligation Type of court Level of offense Mandatory Imposed by Delegation of authority
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 10-153e(i) Prohibited practices of employers, employees and representatives. Hearing before State Board of Labor Relations. Appeal. Penalty
(i) Any person who wilfully resists, prevents or interferes with any member of the Board of Labor Relations or the agent in the performance of duties pursuant to subsections (e)
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to (i), inclusive, of this section shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months or both.
$0 - $500

or imprisoned not more than six months or both
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Fine All All Yes Court N/A
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 14-140(d) Release on own recognizance. Report of failure to appear or to pay fine or fee, surcharge or cost. Reciprocal agreements. Opening of judgment
(d) Any judgment under this section shall be opened upon the payment to the clerk of the Superior Court of a fee of forty dollars. Such filing fee may be
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waived by the court.
$40

no
Fee State All Yes Court N/A
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 14-219(c) Speeding
(c) Any person who violates any provision of subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of this section or who operates a motor vehicle (1) on a multiple lane, limited access highway
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at a rate of speed greater than seventy miles per hour but not greater than eighty-five miles per hour, or (2) on any other highway at a rate of speed greater than sixty miles per hour but not greater than eighty-five miles per hour, shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than one hundred fifty dollars, provided any such person operating a motor vehicle described in subsection (a) of section 14-163c shall be fined not less than one hundred fifty dollars nor more than two hundred dollars.
$100 - $150

provided any such person operating a motor vehicle described in subsection (a)
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of section 14-163c shall be fined not less than one hundred fifty dollars nor more than two hundred dollars
Fine State Misdemeanor Yes Court N/A
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 14-222(b) Reckless driving
(b) Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than three hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than
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thirty days or be both fined and imprisoned for the first offense and for each subsequent offense shall be fined not more than six hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than one year or be both fined and imprisoned.
$100 - $300

or imprisoned not more than thirty days or be both fined and
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imprisoned for the first offense and for each subsequent offense shall be fined not more than six hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than one year or be both fined and imprisoned
Fine State Misdemeanor Yes Court N/A
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 14-224(h)(1) Evasion of responsibility in operation of motor vehicles. Racing. Required removal of motor vehicle from traveled portion of highway. Impoundment or fine.
(h) In addition to any penalty imposed pursuant to subsection (g) of this section: (1) If any person is convicted of a violation of subdivision (1) of subsection (c) of
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this section and the motor vehicle being operated by such person at the time of the violation is registered to such person, the court may order such motor vehicle to be impounded for not more than thirty days and such person shall be responsible for any fees or costs resulting from such impoundment
fees or costs resulting from impoundment
Fee State All Yes Court Delegation to service provider to set fees associated with impoundment
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 14-224(h)(2) Evasion of responsibility in operation of motor vehicles. Racing. Required removal of motor vehicle from traveled portion of highway. Impoundment or fine.
(h) In addition to any penalty imposed pursuant to subsection (g) of this section: . . . (2) if any person is convicted of a violation of subdivision (1) of
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subsection (c) of this section and the motor vehicle being operated by such person at the time of the violation is not registered to such person, the court may fine such person not more than two thousand dollars, and for any subsequent offense may fine such person not more than three thousand dollars.
$0 - $3000

and for any subsequent offense may fine such person not more than
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three thousand dollars
Fee State, Municipal All Yes Court Delegation to service provider to set fees associated with impoundment
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 14-227a(i)(2) Ignition interlock device
(2) All costs of installing and maintaining an ignition interlock device shall be borne by the person required to install such device. No court sentencing a person convicted of a
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violation of subsection (a) of this section may waive any fees or costs associated with the installation and maintenance of an ignition interlock device.
costs of installing and maintaining an ignition interlock device
Fee State, Municipal All Yes Court no
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 14-227a(i)(6) Ignition interlock device
(6) Whenever a person is permitted by the commissioner under this subsection to operate a motor vehicle if such person has installed an approved ignition interlock device in each motor
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vehicle owned or to be operated by such person, the commissioner shall indicate in the electronic record maintained by the commissioner pertaining to such person’s operator’s license or driving history that such person is restricted to operating a motor vehicle that is equipped with an ignition interlock device and, if applicable, that such person’s operation of a motor vehicle is limited to such person’s transportation to or from work or school, an alcohol or drug abuse treatment program, an ignition interlock device service center or an appointment with a probation officer, and the duration of such restriction or limitation, and shall ensure that such electronic record is accessible by law enforcement officers. Any such person shall pay the commissioner a fee of one hundred dollars prior to the installation of such device.
$100

no
Fee State, Municipal All Yes Department of Motor Vehicles no
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 14-227a(l) Participation in victim impact panel program.
(l) If the court sentences a person convicted of a violation of subsection (a) of this section to a period of probation, the court may require as a condition of
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such probation that such person participate in a victim impact panel program approved by the Court Support Services Division of the Judicial Branch. . . . Such victim impact panel program shall be conducted by a nonprofit organization . . . . Such organization may assess a participation fee of not more than seventy-five dollars on any person required by the court to participate in such program.
$0 - $75

no
Fee State, Municipal All No Private actors Delegation to service provider to set fee
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 14-227h Impoundment of motor vehicle operated by certain persons arrested for operating while under the influence of liquor or drug.
Any police officer who arrests a person for a violation of subsection (a) of section 14-227a during the period such person’s operator’s license or right to operate a motor vehicle
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in this state is under suspension or revocation shall cause the motor vehicle such person was operating at the time of the offense to be impounded for a period of forty-eight hours after such arrest. The owner of such motor vehicle may reclaim such motor vehicle after the expiration of such forty-eight-hour period upon payment of all towing and storage costs.
payment of towing and storage costs
Fee State, Municipal All Yes Private actors Delegation to service provider to set fee
Poverty Penalties and Poverty Traps
State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Type of poverty penalty or poverty trap Type of financial obligation Type of court Level of offense Mandatory
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-210 Levy of fine against property
Any fine against any person under section 53a-209 may be levied against any of his real property, personal property, tangible or intangible, choses in action or property of any kind
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or nature, including debts owing to him, which may be situated or found in this state.
Property liens Fine State, Municipal All No
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 18-63 Commitment for failure to pay a fine Upon any conviction for a crime, if the convict fails to pay any fine lawfully imposed, he shall be committed to a community correctional center until such fine is paid. Incarceration Fine All All Yes
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 52-356d Installment payment order.
(a) When a judgment is rendered against a natural person, the judgment creditor or judgment debtor may move the court for an order for installment payments in accordance with a
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money judgment. After hearing and consideration of the judgment debtor’s financial circumstances, the court may order installment payments reasonably calculated to facilitate payment of the judgment.
Payment plan/installment plan All All All No
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 52-399 Commitment of debtor for contempt.
Any judge before whom any such examination is ordered may commit the judgment debtor for contempt in case of his neglect or refusal to attend or be sworn at the
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examination or to answer any question put to him during the examination, and any such neglect or refusal, if the examination is ordered or had before a committee, may be by such committee reported to the judge by whom he was appointed, which judge may thereupon proceed for the contempt as fully as if the examination had been ordered or had before himself.
Incarceration All All All No
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 51-164r Failure to pay or plead
(a) Any person charged with an infraction who fails to pay the fine and any additional fee imposed or send in his plea of not guilty by the answer date
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or wilfully fails to appear for any scheduled court appearance date which may be required shall be guilty of a class C misdemeanor.(b) Any person charged with any violation specified in subsection (b) of section 51-164n who fails to pay the fine and any additional fee imposed or send in his plea of not guilty by the answer date or wilfully fails to appear for any scheduled court appearance date which may be required shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
Increased fine All All Misdemeanor No
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 18-50(a)(2) Credit against unpaid fine for time spent in confinement, employed or performing community service

(2) Each person committed to any community correctional center upon conviction of any criminal offense, and held therein only for the payment of a fine, may be released from confinement

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by the Commissioner of Correction and, with the agreement of the Court Support Services Division within the Judicial Department, be transferred to said division subject to the requirement that such person perform community service under the supervision of said division until the period of community service performed by such person at the rate of fifty dollars a day amounts to such fine or the balance thereof remaining unpaid. Any person so transferred shall remain under the jurisdiction of the commissioner. Such person shall be discharged from the jurisdiction of the commissioner when such person completes the period of community service required to be performed when computed in accordance with this subdivision or immediately upon payment of the fine in full. If, at any time during such person’s release from confinement pursuant to this subdivision, the commissioner determines that the conduct of such person is unsuitable for continuation in such program of community service, such person may be returned to confinement.

Community service Fine All All No
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 18-50(a)(1) Credit against unpaid fine for time spent in confinement, employed or performing community service

(a)(1) Except as provided in subdivision (2) of this subsection, each person committed to any community correctional center upon conviction of any criminal offense, and held therein only for the

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payment of a fine, shall be discharged from confinement when the time served by such person at a per diem rate equal to the average daily cost of incarceration as determined by the Commissioner of Correction amounts to such fine or the balance thereof remaining unpaid. Such person shall earn an additional credit of fifty dollars toward such fine or balance thereof remaining unpaid for each day such person is employed at productive or maintenance work and has established a satisfactory work record. In computing the number of days to be served, credit shall be given for Sundays, holidays and the day of admission. Each person so committed shall be released during the day following that which completes the time to be served when computed in accordance with this subdivision, or immediately upon payment of the fine in full.

Incarceration Fine All All Yes
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 18-85(b) Compensation of inmates. Deposit in account. Disbursement priorities.

(b) Compensation so earned shall be deposited, under the direction of the Commissioner of Correction, in an account in a savings bank or state bank and trust company in this

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state or an account administered by the State Treasurer. Any compensation so earned shall be paid to the inmate on the inmate’s release from incarceration, except that the commissioner may, while the inmate is in custody, disburse any compensation earned by such inmate in accordance with the following priorities: (1) Federal taxes due; (2) restitution or payment of compensation to a crime victim ordered by any court of competent jurisdiction; (3) payment of a civil judgment rendered in favor of a crime victim by any court of competent jurisdiction; (4) victims compensation through the criminal injuries account administered by the Office of Victim Services; (5) state taxes due; (6) support of the inmate’s dependents, if any; (7) the inmate’s necessary travel expense to and from work and other incidental expenses; (8) deposits credited to the inmate’s discharge savings account under section 18-84a; (9) costs of such inmate’s incarceration under section 18-85a and regulations adopted in accordance with said section; and (10) payment to the clerk of the court in which an inmate, confined in a correctional facility only for payment of a fine, was convicted, such portion of such compensation as is necessary to pay such fine.

Wage/bank account garnishment All All All No
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 18-85a(b) State's claim against inmate's property for repayment of costs of incarceration

(b) The state shall have a claim against each inmate for the costs of such inmate’s incarceration under this section, and regulations adopted in accordance with this section, for which

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the state has not been reimbursed. Any property owned by such inmate may be used to satisfy such claim, except property that is: (1) Exempt pursuant to section 52-352b or 52-352d, except as provided in subsection (b) of section 52-321a; (2) subject to the provisions of section 54-218; (3) acquired by such inmate after the inmate is released from incarceration, but not including property so acquired that is subject to the provisions of section 18-85b, 18-85c or 52-367c, and except as provided in subsection (b) of section 52-321a; (4) acquired by such inmate for work performed during incarceration as part of a program designated or defined in regulations adopted by the Commissioner of Correction, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, as a job training, skill development or career opportunity or enhancement program, other than a pilot program established pursuant to section 18-90b, except that the commissioner may assess a fee for participation in any such program; or (5) credited to a discharge savings account pursuant to section 18-84a, not in excess of one thousand dollars. In addition to other remedies available at law, the Attorney General, on request of the Commissioner of Correction, may bring an action in the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford to enforce such claim, provided no such action shall be brought but within two years from the date the inmate is released from incarceration or, if the inmate dies while in the custody of the commissioner, within two years from the date of the inmate's death, except that such limitation period shall not apply if such property was fraudulently concealed from the state.

Property liens Supervision fee All All Yes
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 18-85b(a) State's claim against proceeds of person's cause of action

(a) In the case of causes of action of any person obligated to pay the costs of such person's incarceration under section 18-85a and regulations adopted in accordance with said

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section brought by such person within twenty years from the date such person is released from incarceration, the claim of the state shall be a lien against the proceeds therefrom in the amount of the costs of incarceration or fifty per cent of the proceeds received by such person after payment of all expenses connected with the cause of action, whichever is less, for repayment under said section, and shall have priority over all other claims, including any lien of the state for repayment of public assistance, except (1) attorney's fees for the cause of action, (2) expenses of suit, (3) costs of hospitalization connected with the cause of action by whomever paid over and above hospital insurance or other such benefits, and, for such period of hospitalization as was not paid for by the state, physicians' fees for services during any such period as are connected with the cause of action over and above medical insurance or other such benefits, (4) child support obligations pursuant to subsection (d) of section 17b-93, (5) restitution or payment of compensation to a crime victim ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction, and (6) payment of a civil judgment rendered in favor of a crime victim by a court of competent jurisdiction; and such claim shall consist of the total amount of the costs of incarceration under section 18-85a and regulations adopted in accordance with said section. The proceeds of such causes of action shall be assignable to the state for payment of the amount due under section 18-85a, and regulations adopted in accordance with said section, irrespective of any other provision of law.

Property liens Supervision fee All All Yes
Ability to Pay
State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Type of financial obligation Type of court Level of offense Definition of ability to pay Timeline Burden of proof Hearing requirement(s) Method of determination Mandatory Remedies if unable to pay
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-30(e) Conditions of probation and conditional discharge. If the court finds that the person subject to electronic monitoring is indigent and unable to pay the costs of electronic monitoring services, it shall waive such costs. Fee State, Municipal All

indigent and unable to pay the costs

At enforcement of fine or fee Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Yes

The court shall waive such costs

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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-56i(g) Pretrial drug education and community service program.
No person may be excluded from any such program for inability to pay such fee or cost, provided (1) such person files with the court an affidavit of indigency or
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inability to pay, (2) such indigency or inability to pay is confirmed by the Court Support Services Division, and (3) the court enters a finding thereof. The court may waive all or any portion of such fee depending on such person’s ability to pay. If the court finds that a person is indigent or unable to pay for a substance abuse treatment program, the costs of such program shall be paid from the pretrial account established under section 54-56k.
Fee State, Municipal All

indigency

Before imposition of fine or fee Burden on defendant to show inability to pay

affidavit filed with the court

Not provided for Yes

costs of such program shall be paid from the pretrial account

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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-74. Remission of fine.
Any judge of the Superior Court may remit any fine, if in his judgment such course will tend to the reformation of offenders or the furtherance of the ends of
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justice.
All All All Not provided for At enforcement of fine or fee Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for No

Remission of fine

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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-151 Cost of transcript and printing on appeal.
In any appeal in a criminal action, where it appears to the trial court that the accused is without funds with which to defray the costs of securing a transcript
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of the evidence, or printing the briefs and the appendices to the briefs, such costs shall be defrayed by the state.
Fee All All

"without funds with which to defray the costs"

At enforcement of fine or fee Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Yes

costs shall be defrayed by the state

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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-147 Rules for payment of expenses. Waiver of fee or cost.
(a) The judges of the Superior Court may establish rules, in addition to those established by statute, for the payment of the expenses of all criminal proceedings or prosecutions, except
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such expenses as are incurred by the Division of Criminal Justice.(b) No fee or cost imposed pursuant to any provision of the general statutes on a person who is a defendant or has been convicted in a criminal proceeding or prosecution shall be waived by the court, except as authorized by such provision or for good cause shown.
All State All

"good cause shown" to waive fees

Before imposition of fine or fee Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Not provided for Not provided for No

waiver of fee or cost

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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 17a-696(e) Order for suspension of prosecution and treatment for alcohol or drug dependency.

. . . (4) the accused person, unless such accused person is indigent, has paid to the clerk of the court an administration fee of twenty-five dollars.

Fee State, Municipal All

indigent

Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Yes

waiver of fee

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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 17a-696(e) Order for suspension of prosecution and treatment for alcohol or drug dependency.

The accused person shall, unless indigent, pay the cost of treatment ordered under this section.

Fee State, Municipal All

indigent

Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Yes

waiver of cost of treatment

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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-56i(i) Pretrial drug education and community service program (program reinstatement fees)

. . . Unless good cause is shown, such program fee shall not be waived.

Fee State, Municipal All

"good cause"

Before imposition of fine or fee Burden on defendant to show inability to pay Not provided for Not provided for No

waiver of fees

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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-56e(e) Accelerated pretrial rehabilitation

. . . No person may be excluded from such program for inability to pay such fee, provided (1) such person files with the court an affidavit of indigency or

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inability to pay, (2) such indigency or inability to pay is confirmed by the Court Support Services Division, and (3) the court enters a finding thereof.

Fee State, Municipal All

indigency

Before imposition of fine or fee Burden on defendant to show inability to pay

affidavit filed with the court

Not provided for Yes

admission to program without paying fees

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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-56g(g) Pretrial alcohol education program (victim impact panel program fees)

. . . provided such organization shall offer a hardship waiver when it has determined that the imposition of a fee would pose an economic hardship for such person.

Fee State, Municipal All

economic hardship

Before imposition of fine or fee Not provided for Not provided for Not provided for Yes

hardship waiver

Transparency
State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Type of obligation Actor
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 4-32 State revenue accounting.
Each state department, institution, board, commission or other state agency and each official and employee thereof, including the clerks of the Superior Court, receiving any money or revenue for the
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state, shall, within twenty-four hours of its receipt, account for and, if the total of the sums received amounts to five hundred dollars or more, pay the same to the Treasurer or deposit the same in the name of the state in depositories designated by the Treasurer under such regulations as the Treasurer prescribes. Total daily receipts of less than five hundred dollars may be held until the total receipts to date amount to five hundred dollars, but not for a period of more than seven calendar days. The Treasurer is authorized to make exceptions to the limitations herein prescribed upon written application from the head of any state department, institution, board, commission or other state agency stating that compliance would be impracticable and giving the reasons therefor. The Treasurer shall make a written statement of any such exception and shall file copies thereof with the Comptroller and the Auditors of Public Accounts.
Obligation to collect or record All
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 51-56a(a) Accounting for receipts by court clerks.

(a) Each clerk of the Supreme Court and Superior Court shall account for and pay or deposit all fees, fines, forfeitures and contributions made to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Fund

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and the proceeds of judgments of such clerk's office in the manner provided by section 4-32. If any such clerk fails to so account and pay or deposit, such failure shall be reported by the Treasurer to the Chief Court Administrator who may thereupon remove the clerk. When any such clerk dies before so accounting and paying or depositing, the Treasurer shall require the executor of such clerk's will or administrator of such clerk's estate to so account. If any such clerk is removed from office, the Treasurer shall require such clerk to account for any money of the state remaining in such clerk's hands at the time of such removal and, if such clerk neglects to so account, the Treasurer shall certify the neglect to the Chief Court Administrator.

Obligation to collect or record State courts
Collections Infrastructure
State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Who may collect
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-147 Rules for payment of expenses. Waiver of fee or cost.
(a) The judges of the Superior Court may establish rules, in addition to those established by statute, for the payment of the expenses of all criminal proceedings or prosecutions, except
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such expenses as are incurred by the Division of Criminal Justice.(b) No fee or cost imposed pursuant to any provision of the general statutes on a person who is a defendant or has been convicted in a criminal proceeding or prosecution shall be waived by the court, except as authorized by such provision or for good cause shown.
State courts
Revenue Flow
State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Who collects the funding Who receives the funding Other beneficiaries Type of financial obligation Type of court Level of offense
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-143b Forfeited bonds for motor vehicle violations
The total amount of any forfeited bond for a motor vehicle violation, when such bond is composed in part of an additional fee established under subsection (c) or (d) of
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section 51-56a, any cost established under subsection (b) of section 54-143 or any cost established under section 54-143a, shall be deposited in the General Fund as one undifferentiated lump sum amount or deposited in the Special Transportation Fund as one undifferentiated lump sum amount as may be required by statute.
State courts State/statewide agency N/A Surcharge, Fee State, Municipal All
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-215(b) Criminal Injuries Compensation Fund
(b) The cost paid into court under section 54-143 shall be deposited in the General Fund and shall be credited to and become a part of the Criminal Injuries Compensation
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Fund. Any restitution collected by the Court Support Services Division pursuant to section 46b-140, 53a-30 or 54-56e which is not disbursed within five years after the date such restitution is collected, because the victim could not be located, shall be deposited in the Criminal Injuries Compensation Fund. Any restitution collected pursuant to section 46b-140 or 54-56e on or before May 8, 1997, that has not been disbursed as of October 1, 2003, shall be deposited in the fund. If payment is awarded under section 54-210 and thereafter the court orders the defendant in the criminal case from which such injury or death resulted to make restitution, any money collected as restitution shall be paid to the fund unless the court directs otherwise. The Office of Victim Services may apply for and receive moneys for the fund from any federal, state or private source.
State courts State/statewide agency N/A Restitution, Fee Municipal, State All
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-215(c) Criminal Injuries Compensation Fund
(c) Any administrative costs related to the operation of the Criminal Injuries Compensation Fund, including credits to and payments of compensation therefrom, shall be paid from the fund. Administrative costs
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of providing direct services, the proportionate share of any fixed costs associated with such services, the costs of providing direct services to victims and witnesses of crimes in accordance with subdivision (6) of subsection (b) of section 54-203, and any services offered by the Office of Victim Services to witnesses and victims of crime may be budgeted for payment from the fund.
State courts State/statewide agency N/A Restitution, Fee Municipal, State All
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 51-51w Collection of fees by clerks.

All fees payable by statute to clerks of the Superior Court shall belong to the state and shall be collected by them for its use. The Superior Court, or any

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judge thereof, may tax in favor of the clerks such sums for expenses and assistance as may be necessary for the maintenance of the courts.

State courts State/statewide agency

state courts

Fee State All
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 51-52(e) General duties of clerks (Excess funds paid to treasurer)

(e) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes and except as otherwise ordered by the court or prescribed by the Chief Court Administrator, all funds in excess of a working

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balance established by the Chief Court Administrator held by a clerk of court in a fiduciary capacity shall be paid to the Treasurer or deposited in the Treasurer's accounts in depositories designated by the Treasurer in accordance with such regulations as the Treasurer prescribes. The Treasurer shall invest such funds in any manner he deems appropriate including, but not limited to, depositing the funds in public depositories and purchasing participation certificates in the Short-Term Investment Fund. If the court requests the return of all or a portion of such funds, the Treasurer shall return the amount of such funds requested to the court within two business days of the request. Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, all interest and earnings on funds paid to the Treasurer or deposited in the Treasurer's accounts pursuant to this subsection shall belong to and accrue to the benefit of the state.

State courts State/statewide agency

state courts

All State All
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-44a Surcharge on fine for criminal trespass or criminal mischief on public land. (Municipality/ Department of Energy and Environmental Protection)

Any such surcharge collected shall be payable to the municipality in which the arrest was made unless the arresting law enforcement authority was a conservation officer, special conservation officer or

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patrolman appointed by the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection under authority of section 26-5, in which case such surcharge shall be payable to the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection.

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Surcharge State, Municipal All
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 14-227a(i)(7) Operation while under the influence of liquor or drug or while having an elevated blood alcohol content (Ignition interlock administration account)

(7) There is established the ignition interlock administration account which shall be a separate, nonlapsing account in the General Fund. The commissioner shall deposit all fees paid pursuant to subdivision

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(6) of this subsection in the account. Funds in the account may be used by the commissioner for the administration of this subsection.

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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 14-295a Assessment for certain violations and payments of fines by mail (Brain injury prevention and services accounts)

All assessments collected pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the General Fund and credited to the brain injury prevention and services account established under section 14-295b.

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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-143a Cost imposed for infractions and certain motor vehicle violation (General fund)

The costs imposed by this section shall be deposited in the General Fund and shall be in addition to any costs imposed by section 54-143.

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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-143c Additional fine for sexual assault offenses (Sexual assault victims account)

Fines collected under this section shall be deposited in the sexual assault victims account established under section 19a-112d.

State courts State/statewide agency N/A Fee State, Municipal All
Court Rules
State Citation Description/Statute Name Language from the rule When does the rule apply?
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Connecticut Molinas v. Comm'r of Correction, 231 Conn. 514, 524–25 (1994) Molinas v. Comm'r of Correction, 231 Conn. 514, 524–25 (1994)
To establish a valid waiver of the petitioner's claim of indigency, the commissioner would have had to have made an affirmative showing that the petitioner, at the time of
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the plea bargain, was apprised of, and understood, the contours of the constitutional right not to be incarcerated because of indigency and the consequences of a waiver of that constitutional right. Such an affirmative showing would require evidence that the petitioner had been advised that: (1) he had a constitutional right not to be incarcerated solely because of his inability to pay a fine; (2) he would waive that right by agreeing to the committed fine; (3) the effect of a waiver would be that he would not be released on parole until the fine was paid, regardless of the reason for its nonpayment;13 (4) to pay off the committed fine, he would earn credits during his incarceration, subsequent to his parole, in accordance with a disclosed rate schedule; and (5) he would retain the right to pay the outstanding balance of the fine at any time during his incarceration and could thereby remove his ineligibility for early release. In the absence of any such showing, the commissioner's categorical claim of waiver cannot be sustained.
Ability to pay
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Connecticut CT R SUPER CT CR § 43-17 Payment of Fines--Inquiry Concerning Ability No person shall be incarcerated as a result of failure to pay a fine unless the judicial authority first inquires as to the person's ability to pay the fine. Ability to pay
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Connecticut CT R SUPER CT CR § 43-18 Payment of Fines--Incarceration for Failure to Pay
The judicial authority may, upon a finding that the defendant is able to pay the fine and that the nonpayment is wilful, order the defendant incarcerated for nonpayment of the
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fine.
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Connecticut CT R SUPER CT CR § 43-19 Payment of Fines--Payment and Satisfaction A defendant incarcerated under Section 43-18, for wilful nonpayment of a fine, shall be released upon payment of the fine or when such defendant is otherwise discharged according to law. Ability to pay
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Connecticut CT R SUPER CT CR § 43-20 Payment of Fines--Mittimus
When a defendant has been sentenced to a term of imprisonment and ordered to pay a fine, the mittimus shall state that if the fine has not been paid by
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the time the sentence has been served the defendant may not continue to be incarcerated unless the judicial authority has found that the defendant is able to pay the fine and that the defendant's nonpayment is wilful.
Ability to pay
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Connecticut CT R SUPER CT GEN § 7-3 Financial Accounts The clerk shall make and keep adequate accounts showing all receipts and disbursements. Records of such accounts shall be retained for such period as determined by the chief court administrator. Transparency
Structure of Courts
State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Court/legal body Type of court Function Funding
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 51-199 Supreme Court Jurisdiction
(a) The Supreme Court shall have final and conclusive jurisdiction of all matters brought before it according to law, and may carry into execution all its judgments and decrees and
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institute rules of practice and procedure as to matters before it.(b) The following matters shall be taken directly to the Supreme Court: (1) Any matter brought pursuant to the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court under section 2 of article sixteen of the amendments to the Constitution; (2) an appeal in any matter where the Superior Court declares invalid a state statute or a provision of the state Constitution; (3) an appeal in any criminal action involving a conviction for a capital felony under the provisions of section 53a-54b in effect prior to April 25, 2012, class A felony or any other felony, including any persistent offender status, for which the maximum sentence which may be imposed exceeds twenty years; (4) review of a sentence of death pursuant to section 53a-46b; (5) any election or primary dispute brought to the Supreme Court pursuant to section 9-323 or 9-325; (6) an appeal of any reprimand or censure of a probate judge pursuant to section 45a-65; (7) any matter regarding judicial removal or suspension pursuant to section 51-51j; (8) an appeal of any decision of the Judicial Review Council pursuant to section 51-51r; (9) any matter brought to the Supreme Court pursuant to section 52-265a; (10) writs of error; and (11) any other matter as provided by law. (c) The Supreme Court may transfer to itself a cause in the Appellate Court. Except for any matter brought pursuant to its original jurisdiction under section 2 of article sixteen of the amendments to the Constitution, the Supreme Court may transfer a cause or class of causes from itself, including any cause or class of causes pending on July 1, 1983, to the Appellate Court. The court to which a cause is transferred has jurisdiction. (d) The Supreme Court may issue all writs necessary or appropriate in aid of its jurisdiction and agreeable to the usages and principles of law.
State court Jurisdiction of the courts State
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 51-197a. Appellate Court Jurisdiction
Appeals to Appellate Court. Writs. Transfer of jurisdiction from appellate session. (a) Appeals from final judgments or actions of the Superior Court shall be taken to the Appellate Court in
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accordance with section 51-197c, except for small claims, which are not appealable, appeals within the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court as provided for in section 51-199, appeals as provided for in sections 8-8 and 8-9, and except as otherwise provided by statute.(b) The Appellate Court may issue all writs necessary or appropriate in aid of its jurisdiction and agreeable to the usages and principles of law. (c) All matters pending in the appellate session of the Superior Court on July 1, 1983, shall be construed as pending with the same status in the Appellate Court on said date. (d) Notwithstanding subsection (c) of this section, the appellate session of the Superior Court shall continue to have jurisdiction over appeals which it heard prior to July 1, 1983, pursuant to the provisions which were applicable at such time. (e) Except as otherwise provided in sections 2-40, 2-42, 7-143, 7-230, 8-8, 8-9, 8-132, 8-132a, 10-153e, 12-4, 13a-76, 31-63, 31-109, 31-118, 31-249b, 31-272, 31-301b, 31-301c, 31-324, 31-491, 31-493, 38a-470, 46a-94, 46a-95, 46b-142, 46b-143, 46b-150c, 51-1a, 51-14, 51-49, 51-50j, 51-164x, 51-165, 51-197a, 51-197b, 51-197c, 51-197e, 51-197f, 51-199, 51-201, 51-202, 51-203, 51-209, 51-210, 51-211, 51-213, 51-215a, 51-216a, 52-235, 52-257, 52-259, 52-263, 52-267, 52-405, 52-434, 52-434a, 52-470, 52-476, 52-477, 52-592, 54-63g, 54-95, 54-96, 54-96a, 54-96b and 54-143, all jurisdiction conferred upon and exercised by the appellate session prior to July 1, 1983, of the Superior Court shall be transferred to the Appellate Court.
State court Jurisdiction of the courts State
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 51-164s Superior Court Jurisdiction
The Superior Court shall be the sole court of original jurisdiction for all causes of action, except such actions over which the courts of probate have original jurisdiction, as provided
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by statute.
State court Jurisdiction of the courts State
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Connecticut Conn. Const., art. V, § 1 Creation of lower courts
The judicial power of the state shall be vested in a supreme court, a superior court, and such lower courts as the general assembly shall, from time to time, ordain
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and establish. The powers and jurisdiction of these courts shall be defined by law.
County court, Municipal court, Other, State court, Traffic court Creation of the courts NA
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 45a-98 Probate Court Jurisdiction

(a) Probate Courts in their respective districts shall have the power to (1) grant administration of intestate estates of persons who have died domiciled in their districts and of intestate estates

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of persons not domiciled in this state which may be granted as provided by section 45a-303; (2) admit wills to probate of persons who have died domiciled in their districts or of nondomiciliaries whose wills may be proved in their districts as provided in section 45a-287; (3) except as provided in section 45a-98a or as limited by an applicable statute of limitations, determine title or rights of possession and use in and to any real, tangible or intangible property that constitutes, or may constitute, all or part of any trust, any decedent’s estate, or any estate under control of a guardian or conservator, which trust or estate is otherwise subject to the jurisdiction of the Probate Court, including the rights and obligations of any beneficiary of the trust or estate and including the rights and obligations of any joint tenant with respect to survivorship property; (4) except as provided in section 45a-98a, construe the meaning and effect of (A) any will or trust agreement if a construction is required in connection with the administration or distribution of a trust or estate otherwise subject to the jurisdiction of the Probate Court; (B) an inter vivos trust upon a petition that meets the requirements for a petition for an accounting pursuant to subsection (b) or (c) of section 45a-175, provided such an accounting need not be required; or (C) a power of attorney pursuant to section 1-350o; (5) except as provided in section 45a-98a, apply the doctrine of cy pres or approximation; (6) to the extent provided for in section 45a-175, call executors, administrators, trustees, guardians, conservators, and agents acting under powers of attorney created in accordance with sections 1-350 to 1-353b, inclusive, to account concerning the estates entrusted to their charge or for other relief as provided in sections 1-250 to 1-353b, inclusive; and (7) make any lawful orders or decrees to carry into effect the power and jurisdiction conferred upon them by the laws of this state.

(b) The jurisdiction of courts of probate to determine title or rights or to construe instruments or to apply the doctrine of cy pres or approximation pursuant to subsection (a) of this section is concurrent with the jurisdiction of the Superior Court and does not affect the power of the Superior Court as a court of general jurisdiction.

State court Jurisdiction of the courts

State

Case Law
State Citation Question Brief Answer Language from the opinion When does the case apply?
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Connecticut Molinas v. Comm'r of Correction, 231 Conn. 514, 524–25 (1994)
Under state constitutional or statutory law, what are the minimum requirements for a constitutionally adequate ability-to-pay determination? Include any guidance about the substantive standards to apply, the burden of proof,
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the sources of information that should be considered, and the timing of the determination (i.e. before imposition, before enforcement action, only if incarceration is threatened).
To establish a valid waiver of the petitioner's claim of indigency, the commissioner would have had to have made an affirmative showing that the petitioner, at the time of
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the plea bargain, was apprised of, and understood, the contours of the constitutional right not to be incarcerated because of indigency and the consequences of a waiver of that constitutional right. Such an affirmative showing would require evidence that the petitioner had been advised that: (1) he had a constitutional right not to be incarcerated solely because of his inability to pay a fine; (2) he would waive that right by agreeing to the committed fine; (3) the effect of a waiver would be that he would not be released on parole until the fine was paid, regardless of the reason for its nonpayment;13 (4) to pay off the committed fine, he would earn credits during his incarceration, subsequent to his parole, in accordance with a disclosed rate schedule; and (5) he would retain the right to pay the outstanding balance of the fine at any time during his incarceration and could thereby remove his ineligibility for early release. In the absence of any such showing, the commissioner's categorical claim of waiver cannot be sustained.
Ability to pay
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Connecticut Payment of Fines--Inquiry Concerning Ability No person shall be incarcerated as a result of failure to pay a fine unless the judicial authority first inquires as to the person's ability to pay the fine. Ability to pay
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Connecticut Payment of Fines--Incarceration for Failure to Pay
The judicial authority may, upon a finding that the defendant is able to pay the fine and that the nonpayment is wilful, order the defendant incarcerated for nonpayment of the
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fine.
Ability to pay
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Connecticut Payment of Fines--Payment and Satisfaction A defendant incarcerated under Section 43-18, for wilful nonpayment of a fine, shall be released upon payment of the fine or when such defendant is otherwise discharged according to law. Ability to pay
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Connecticut Payment of Fines--Mittimus
When a defendant has been sentenced to a term of imprisonment and ordered to pay a fine, the mittimus shall state that if the fine has not been paid by
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the time the sentence has been served the defendant may not continue to be incarcerated unless the judicial authority has found that the defendant is able to pay the fine and that the defendant's nonpayment is wilful.
Ability to pay
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Connecticut Financial Accounts The clerk shall make and keep adequate accounts showing all receipts and disbursements. Records of such accounts shall be retained for such period as determined by the chief court administrator. Transparency
Attorney General Opinions
State Citation Description/Statute Name Question Brief answer Language from the opinion When does the case apply?
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Connecticut Molinas v. Comm'r of Correction, 231 Conn. 514, 524–25 (1994) Molinas v. Comm'r of Correction, 231 Conn. 514, 524–25 (1994)
Under state constitutional or statutory law, what are the minimum requirements for a constitutionally adequate ability-to-pay determination? Include any guidance about the substantive standards to apply, the burden of proof,
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the sources of information that should be considered, and the timing of the determination (i.e. before imposition, before enforcement action, only if incarceration is threatened).
To establish a valid waiver of the petitioner's claim of indigency, the commissioner would have had to have made an affirmative showing that the petitioner, at the time of
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the plea bargain, was apprised of, and understood, the contours of the constitutional right not to be incarcerated because of indigency and the consequences of a waiver of that constitutional right. Such an affirmative showing would require evidence that the petitioner had been advised that: (1) he had a constitutional right not to be incarcerated solely because of his inability to pay a fine; (2) he would waive that right by agreeing to the committed fine; (3) the effect of a waiver would be that he would not be released on parole until the fine was paid, regardless of the reason for its nonpayment;13 (4) to pay off the committed fine, he would earn credits during his incarceration, subsequent to his parole, in accordance with a disclosed rate schedule; and (5) he would retain the right to pay the outstanding balance of the fine at any time during his incarceration and could thereby remove his ineligibility for early release. In the absence of any such showing, the commissioner's categorical claim of waiver cannot be sustained.
Ability to pay
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Connecticut CT R SUPER CT CR § 43-17 Payment of Fines--Inquiry Concerning Ability No person shall be incarcerated as a result of failure to pay a fine unless the judicial authority first inquires as to the person's ability to pay the fine. Ability to pay
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Connecticut CT R SUPER CT CR § 43-18 Payment of Fines--Incarceration for Failure to Pay
The judicial authority may, upon a finding that the defendant is able to pay the fine and that the nonpayment is wilful, order the defendant incarcerated for nonpayment of the
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fine.
Ability to pay
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Connecticut CT R SUPER CT CR § 43-19 Payment of Fines--Payment and Satisfaction A defendant incarcerated under Section 43-18, for wilful nonpayment of a fine, shall be released upon payment of the fine or when such defendant is otherwise discharged according to law. Ability to pay
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Connecticut CT R SUPER CT CR § 43-20 Payment of Fines--Mittimus
When a defendant has been sentenced to a term of imprisonment and ordered to pay a fine, the mittimus shall state that if the fine has not been paid by
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the time the sentence has been served the defendant may not continue to be incarcerated unless the judicial authority has found that the defendant is able to pay the fine and that the defendant's nonpayment is wilful.
Ability to pay
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Connecticut CT R SUPER CT GEN § 7-3 Financial Accounts The clerk shall make and keep adequate accounts showing all receipts and disbursements. Records of such accounts shall be retained for such period as determined by the chief court administrator. Transparency