Below are the collections infrastructure provisions that meet your search criteria.

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State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language
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Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws § 600.4841 Collections;  payment to county treasurer
(1) All officers or other persons who collect or receive any moneys on account of any penalty shall pay over the same to the county treasurer on or before the
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last day of the month following. (2) Upon learning that any person has neglected to pay over such moneys within such time, the county treasurer shall proceed in the circuit court for the county to collect such moneys.
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Ohio Ohio Rev. Code § 2929.28(G)(1) Financial sanctions
(G) Each court imposing a financial sanction upon an offender under this section may designate the clerk of the court or another person to collect the financial sanction. The clerk,
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or another person authorized by law or the court to collect the financial sanction may do the following: (1) Enter into contracts with one or more public agencies or private vendors for the collection of amounts due under the sanction. Before entering into a contract for the collection of amounts due from an offender pursuant to any financial sanction imposed pursuant to this section, a court shall comply with sections 307.86 to 307.92 of the Revised Code.
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Ohio Ohio Rev. Code § 2929.18(F) Financial sanctions
(F) Each court imposing a financial sanction upon an offender under this section or under section 2929.32 of the Revised Code may designate the clerk of the court or another
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person to collect the financial sanction. The clerk or other person authorized by law or the court to collect the financial sanction may enter into contracts with one or more public agencies or private vendors for the collection of, amounts due under the financial sanction imposed pursuant to this section or section 2929.32 of the Revised Code. Before entering into a contract for the collection of amounts due from an offender pursuant to any financial sanction imposed pursuant to this section or section 2929.32 of the Revised Code, a court shall comply with sections 307.86 to 307.92 of the Revised Code.
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Ohio Ohio Rev. Code § 2152.20(E)(1) Fines; costs; restitution; forfeitures
(E) The clerk of the court, or another person authorized by law or by the court to collect a financial sanction imposed under this section, may do any of the
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following:(1) Enter into contracts with one or more public agencies or private vendors for the collection of the amounts due under the financial sanction, which amounts may include interest from the date of imposition of the financial sanction;
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Ohio Ohio Rev. Code § 2152.20(E)(2) Fines; costs; restitution; forfeitures
(E) The clerk of the court, or another person authorized by law or by the court to collect a financial sanction imposed under this section, may do any of the
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following:. . . (2) Permit payment of all, or any portion of, the financial sanction in installments, by credit or debit card, by another type of electronic transfer, or by any other reasonable method, within any period of time, and on any terms that the court considers just, except that the maximum time permitted for payment shall not exceed five years. The clerk may pay any fee associated with processing an electronic transfer out of public money and may charge the fee to the delinquent child.
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West Virginia W. Va. Code §59-1-29. Fees, allowances, and costs - Fees and allowances - Collection of such fees.
Each clerk of the county commission, sheriff, clerk of the circuit court and prosecuting attorney shall have charge of and collect the fees, costs, percentages, penalties, commissions, allowances, compensation, income
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and all other perquisites of whatever kind which are now or may hereafter be allowed by law. Whenever there remain due the county and unpaid, for a period of more than six months, any fees, costs, percentages, penalties, commissions, allowances, compensation, income or any other perquisites of any kind, it shall be the duty of the county commission, or other tribunal in lieu thereof, by the prosecuting attorney, to proceed to the collection thereof in the circuit court or magistrate court, upon motion whereof the defendant and the sureties on his bond shall have at least twenty days' notice, or in any other manner provided for by law, and the amount so collected shall be paid into the county treasury to the credit of the general county fund.
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Louisiana La. CCRP 886.A Collection of judgment
In the event of nonpayment of a fine, nonpayment of restitution to the victim, or nonpayment of a fine and costs, within sixty days after the sentence was imposed, and
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if no appeal is pending, the court which imposed the sentence may sign a judgment against the defendant in a sum equal to the fine or restitution plus judicial interest to begin sixty days after the sentence was imposed plus all costs of the criminal proceeding and subsequent proceedings necessary to enforce the judgment in either civil or criminal court, or both. Collection of the judgment may be enforced in either criminal or civil court, or both, in the same manner as a money judgment in a civil case. In addition, particular courts may provide by court rule for enforcement by the filing of an offset claim against the defendant, in accordance with R.S. 47:299.1 through 299.20.
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Minnesota M.S.A. § 480.15 Subd. 10(c) Powers and duties; Uniform collections policies and procedures for courts
The state court administrator under the direction of the Judicial Council may promulgate uniform collections policies and procedures for the courts and may contract with credit bureaus, public and private
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collection agencies, the Department of Revenue, and other public or private entities providing collection services as necessary for the collection of court debts. The court collection process and procedures are not subject to section 16A.1285. Court debts referred to the Department of Revenue for collection are not subject to section 16D.07.
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New York N.Y. Crim. Proc. § 420.10.1 Collection of fines, restitution or reparation When the court imposes a fine upon an individual, it shall designate the official other than the district attorney to whom payment is to be remitted.
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Utah Utah Code Ann. § 77-18-7 Costs imposed on defendant--Restrictions
Unless specifically authorized by statute, a defendant shall not be required to pay court costs in a criminal case either as a part of a sentence or as a condition
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of probation or dismissal.
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Arizona Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 28-1631 Traffic ticket enforcement assistance program; establishment

A. The department shall establish procedures to:1. Assist the courts and political subdivisions of this state to collect delinquent monetary obligations imposed for violations of title 5, chapter 31 and

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for civil and criminal traffic violations. 2. Assist in the enforcement of criminal traffic failure to appear offenses. B. The program established by this article shall not include collection of delinquent parking tickets.

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California Cal. Pen. Code § 1205 Judgment imposing fine; Imprisonment pending payment; Default; Fee for processing accounts receivable; Limitation

(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the clerk of the court, or the judge if there is no clerk, from turning these accounts over to another

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county department or a collecting agency for processing and collection.(e) The defendant shall pay to the clerk of the court or the collecting agency a fee for the processing of installment accounts. This fee shall equal the administrative and clerical costs, as determined by the board of supervisors, or by the court, depending on which entity administers the account. The defendant shall pay to the clerk of the court or the collecting agency the fee established for the processing of the accounts receivable that are not to be paid in installments. The fee shall equal the administrative and clerical costs, as determined by the board of supervisors, or by the court, depending on which entity administers the account, except that the fee shall not exceed thirty dollars ($30).

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California Cal. Pen. Code § 1463.007(b)-(c) Proceedings in Misdemeanor and Infraction Cases: Deduction and deposit of cost of comprehensive collection program; Minimum amount for inclusion; When debt is delinquent and subject to collection; Conditions

(b) Once debt becomes delinquent, it continues to be delinquent and may be subject to collection by a comprehensive collection program . . . .

(c) For the purposes of this

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section, a “comprehensive collection program” is a separate and distinct revenue collection activity that meets each of the following criteria: ... (4) The program engages in at least five of the following activities: ... (D) Contracts with one or more private debt collectors to collect delinquent debt.

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California Cal. Rev. & Tax. Code § 19280 Referral of certain fines, penalties, bail, forfeitures, and restitution orders to Franchise Tax Board for collection; Interest; Applicability of specified provisions

Fines, state or local penalties, bail, forfeitures, restitution fines, restitution orders, or any other amounts imposed by a juvenile or superior court of the State of California upon a person

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or any other entity that are due and payable in an amount totaling no less than one hundred dollars ($100), in the aggregate, for criminal offenses, including all offenses involving a violation of the Vehicle Code, and any amounts due pursuant to Section 903.1 of the Welfare and Institutions Code may, no sooner than 90 days after payment of that amount becomes delinquent, be referred by the juvenile or superior court, the county, or the state to the Franchise Tax Board for collection under guidelines prescribed by the Franchise Tax Board.

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California Cal. Pen. Code § 1463.007 Deduction and deposit of cost of comprehensive collection program; Minimum amount for inclusion; When debt is delinquent and subject to collection; Conditions

(a) Notwithstanding any other law, a county or court that operates a comprehensive collection program may deduct the costs of operating that program, excluding capital expenditures, from any revenues collected

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under that program. The costs shall be deducted before any distribution of revenues to other governmental entities required by any other law. A county or court operating a comprehensive collection program may establish a minimum base fee, fine, forfeiture, penalty, or assessment amount for inclusion in the program.

(b) Once debt becomes delinquent, it continues to be delinquent and may be subject to collection by a comprehensive collection program. Debt is delinquent and subject to collection by a comprehensive collection program if any of the following conditions is met: (1) A defendant does not post bail or appear on or before the date on which he or she promised to appear, or any lawful continuance of that date, if that defendant was eligible to post and forfeit bail. (2) A defendant does not pay the amount imposed by the court on or before the date ordered by the court, or any lawful continuance of that date. (3) A defendant has failed to make an installment payment on the date specified by the court.

(c) For the purposes of this section, a “comprehensive collection program” is a separate and distinct revenue collection activity that meets each of the following criteria: (1) The program identifies and collects amounts arising from delinquent court-ordered debt, whether or not a warrant has been issued against the alleged violator. (2) The program complies with the requirements of subdivision (b) of Section 1463.010. (3) The program engages in each of the following activities: (A) Attempts telephone contact with delinquent debtors for whom the program has a telephone number to inform them of their delinquent status and payment options. (B) Notifies delinquent debtors for whom the program has an address in writing of their outstanding obligation within 95 days of delinquency. (C) Generates internal monthly reports to track collections data, such as age of debt and delinquent amounts outstanding. (D) Uses Department of Motor Vehicles information to locate delinquent debtors. (E) Accepts payment of delinquent debt by credit card. (4) The program engages in at least five of the following activities: (A) Sends delinquent debt to the Franchise Tax Board’s Court-Ordered Debt Collections Program. (B) Sends delinquent debt to the Franchise Tax Board’s Interagency Intercept Collections Program. (C) Initiates driver’s license suspension or hold actions when appropriate for a failure to appear in court. (D) Contracts with one or more private debt collectors to collect delinquent debt. (E) Sends monthly bills or account statements to all delinquent debtors. (F) Contracts with local, regional, state, or national skip tracing or locator resources or services to locate delinquent debtors. (G) Coordinates with the probation department to locate debtors who may be on formal or informal probation. (H) Uses Employment Development Department employment and wage information to collect delinquent debt. (I) Establishes wage and bank account garnishments where appropriate. (J) Places liens on real property owned by delinquent debtors when appropriate. (K) Uses an automated dialer or automatic call distribution system to manage telephone calls.

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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 5-4-204   Collection After Default

(a) When a defendant sentenced to pay a fine or costs defaults in the payment of the fine or costs or of any installment, the fine or costs may be collected

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by any means authorized for the enforcement of a money judgment in a civil action. (b) A judgment that the defendant pay a fine or costs constitutes a lien on the real property and personal property of the defendant in the same manner and to the same extent as a money judgment in a civil action.

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Florida Fla. Stat. §775.089(10)(a) Definitions; General Penalties; Registration of Criminals: Restitution

Any default in payment of restitution may be collected by any means authorized by law for enforcement of a judgment.

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Florida Fla. Stat. §951.032 Financial responsibility for medical expenses

(1) A county detention facility or municipal detention facility incurring expenses for providing medical care, treatment, hospitalization, or transportation may seek reimbursement for the expenses incurred in the following order:

(a) From the

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prisoner or person receiving medical care, treatment, hospitalization, or transportation by deducting the cost from the prisoner’s cash account on deposit with the detention facility. If the prisoner’s cash account does not contain sufficient funds to cover medical care, treatment, hospitalization, or transportation, then the detention facility may place a lien against the prisoner’s cash account or other personal property, to provide payment in the event sufficient funds become available at a later time. Any existing lien may be carried over to future incarceration of the same prisoner as long as the future incarceration takes place within the county originating the lien and the future incarceration takes place within 3 years of the date the lien was placed against the prisoner’s account or other personal property.

(b) From an insurance company, health care corporation, or other source if the prisoner or person is covered by an insurance policy or subscribes to a health care corporation or other source for those expenses.

(2) A prisoner who receives medical care, treatment, hospitalization, or transportation shall cooperate with the county detention facility or municipal detention facility in seeking reimbursement under paragraphs(1)(a) and (b) for expenses incurred by the facility for the prisoner. A prisoner who willfully refuses to cooperate with the reimbursement efforts of the detention facility may have a lien placed against the prisoner’s cash account or other personal property and may not receive gain-time as provided by s. 951.21.

 

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Illinois 730 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/5-9-3(e) Fines: Default

A default in the payment of a fine, fee, cost, order of restitution, judgment of bond forfeiture, judgment order of forfeiture, or any installment thereof may be collected by any

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and all means authorized for the collection of money judgments