Below are the poverty penalties and poverty traps that meet your search criteria. Many include a See related provisions prompt which searches our database for laws that may pertain to your result.

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State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Type of poverty penalty or poverty trap Type of financial obligation Type of court Level of offense Mandatory
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 16-98-304(b) Cost and fees
(b)(1) The drug court judge shall establish a schedule for the payment of costs and fees. . . (7) Court orders for costs and fees shall remain an obligation of
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the offender with court monitoring until fully paid
Payment plan/installment plan Fee, Supervision fee State All Yes
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Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 16-98-304(b) Cost and fees
(b)(1) The drug court judge shall establish a schedule for the payment of costs and fees. . . (7) Court orders for costs and fees shall remain an obligation of
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the offender with court monitoring until fully paid
Condition or extension of supervision Fee, Supervision fee State All Yes
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-74. Remission of fine. Not specified All All All No
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-151 Cost of transcript and printing on appeal. Not specified All All All No
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Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-147 Rules for payment of expenses. Waiver of fee or cost. Burden on defendant to show inability to pay All All All No
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Florida Fla. Stat. §895.06(2) Civil investigative subpoenas; public records exemption
(2) A subpoena issued pursuant to this chapter is confidential for 120 days after the date of its issuance. The subpoenaed person or entity may not disclose the existence of
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the subpoena to any person or entity other than his or her attorney during the 120-day period. The subpoena must include a reference to the confidentiality of the subpoena and a notice to the recipient of the subpoena that disclosure of the existence of the subpoena to any other person or entity except the subpoenaed person’s or entity’s attorney is prohibited. The investigative agency may apply ex parte to the circuit court for the circuit in which a subpoenaed person or entity resides, is found, or transacts business for an order directing that the subpoenaed person or entity not disclose the existence of the subpoena to any other person or entity except the subpoenaed person’s attorney for an additional period of time for good cause shown by the investigative agency. The order shall be served on the subpoenaed person or entity with the subpoena, and the subpoena must include a reference to the order and a notice to the recipient of the subpoena that disclosure of the existence of the subpoena to any other person or entity in violation of the order may subject the subpoenaed person or entity to punishment for contempt of court. Such an order may be granted by the court only upon a showing:(a) Of sufficient factual grounds to reasonably indicate a violation of ss. 895.01-895.06; (b) That the documents or testimony sought appear reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence; and (c) Of facts that reasonably indicate that disclosure of the subpoena would hamper or impede the investigation or would result in a flight from prosecution.
Increased fine All All All No
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Florida Fla. Stat. §944.4731(2)(b) Addiction-Recovery Supervision Program
An offender released under addiction-recovery supervision shall be subject to specified terms and conditions, including payment of the costs of supervision under s. 948.09 and any other court-ordered payments, such
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as child support and restitution. If an offender has received a term of probation or community control to be served after release from incarceration, the period of probation or community control may not be substituted for addiction-recovery supervision and shall follow the term of addiction-recovery supervision. A panel of not fewer than two commissioners shall establish the terms and conditions of supervision, and the terms and conditions must be included in the supervision order. In setting the terms and conditions of supervision, the commission shall weigh heavily the program requirements, including, but not limited to, work at paid employment while participating in treatment and traveling restrictions. The commission shall also determine whether an offender violates the terms and conditions of supervision and whether a violation warrants revocation of addiction-recovery supervision pursuant to s. 947.141. The commission shall review the offender’s record for the purpose of establishing the terms and conditions of supervision. The commission may impose any special conditions it considers warranted from its review of the record. The length of supervision may not exceed the maximum penalty imposed by the court.
Condition or extension of supervision Supervision fee All All No
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Florida Fla. Stat. §944.4731(7) Addiction-Recovery Supervision Program
(7) While participating in a substance abuse transition housing program, an offender shall:(a) Adhere to all conditions of supervision enforced by the commission and the program provider. Failure to comply
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with such rules or conditions may result in revocation of supervision pursuant to s. 947.141. (b) Pay fees to defray program costs, costs of supervision required under s. 948.09, and any restitution or obligations for child support. (c) Participate in a cognitive behavior model or 12-step model of recovery.
Condition or extension of supervision Supervision fee All All Yes
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Florida Fla. Stat. §960.17(2) Award constitutes debt owed to state
The court, when placing on probation as provided in chapter 948 any person who owes a debt to the state as a consequence of a criminal act, shall set as
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a condition of probation the payment of the debt to the state. The court may also set the schedule or amounts of payments, subject to modification based on change of circumstances, unless it finds reasons to the contrary. If the court does not order payment, or orders only partial payment, it shall state on the record the reasons therefor.
Condition or extension of supervision Fine, Restitution, Fee, Supervision fee All All Yes
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Florida Fla. Stat. §960.17(2) Award constitutes debt owed to state
The court, when placing on probation as provided in chapter 948 any person who owes a debt to the state as a consequence of a criminal act, shall set as
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a condition of probation the payment of the debt to the state. The court may also set the schedule or amounts of payments, subject to modification based on change of circumstances, unless it finds reasons to the contrary. If the court does not order payment, or orders only partial payment, it shall state on the record the reasons therefor.
Payment plan/installment plan Restitution, Fine, Fee, Supervision fee All All Yes
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Florida Fla. Stat. §948.09(3) Payment for cost of supervision and rehabilitation
Any failure to pay contribution as required under this section may constitute a ground for the revocation of probation by the court, the revocation of parole or conditional release by
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the Florida Commission on Offender Review, the revocation of control release by the Control Release Authority, or removal from the pretrial intervention program by the state attorney.
Condition or extension of supervision Supervision fee All All No
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Florida Fla. Stat. §948.09(7) Payment for cost of supervision and rehabilitation
The department shall establish a payment plan for all costs ordered by the courts for collection by the department and a priority order for payments, except that victim restitution payments
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authorized under s. 948.03(1)(f) take precedence over all other court-ordered payments. The department is not required to disburse cumulative amounts of less than $10 to individual payees established on this payment plan.
Payment plan/installment plan Supervision fee All All Yes
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Florida Fla. Stat. §948.06(5) Violation of probation or community control; revocation; modification; continuance; failure to pay restitution or cost of supervision
In any hearing in which the failure of a probationer or offender in community control to pay restitution or the cost of supervision as provided in s. 948.09, as directed,
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is established by the state, if the probationer or offender asserts his or her inability to pay restitution or the cost of supervision, it is incumbent upon the probationer or offender to prove by clear and convincing evidence that he or she does not have the present resources available to pay restitution or the cost of supervision despite sufficient bona fide efforts legally to acquire the resources to do so. If the probationer or offender cannot pay restitution or the cost of supervision despite sufficient bona fide efforts, the court shall consider alternate measures of punishment other than imprisonment. Only if alternate measures are not adequate to meet the state’s interests in punishment and deterrence may the court imprison a probationer or offender in community control who has demonstrated sufficient bona fide efforts to pay restitution or the cost of supervision.
Incarceration Supervision fee All All Yes
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Florida Fla. Stat. §985.039(7) Cost of supervision; cost of care
With respect to a child who has been placed under the supervision or care of the department and whose parent receives public assistance for any portion of such child’s care,
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the department must seek a federal waiver to garnish or otherwise order the payment of a portion of the public assistance relating to such child, in an amount not to exceed the amount of the parent’s obligation, in order to offset the costs to the department associated with providing supervision or care of such child.
Wage/bank account garnishment Supervision fee All All Yes
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Florida Fla. Stat. §985.455(1)(d) Other dispositional issues
(1) The court that has jurisdiction over an adjudicated delinquent child may, by an order stating the facts upon which a determination of a sanction and rehabilitative program was made
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at the disposition hearing:(a) Require the child and, if the court finds it appropriate, the child’s parent or guardian, together with the child, to render community service in a public service program. (b) Order the child and, if the court finds it appropriate, the child’s parent or guardian, together with the child, to participate in a community work project, either as an alternative to monetary restitution or as part of the rehabilitative or probation program. (c) Revoke or suspend the driver license of the child. (d) Order the child, upon a determination of the child’s inability to pay, to perform community service in lieu of all court costs assessed against the delinquent child, including costs of prosecution, public defender application fees, and costs of representation.
Community service Supervision fee, Restitution All All No
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Maine Me. Rev. Stat. tit 17-A §1204(5) Refusal of permission to leave jurisdiction
When a person fails to pay an imposed fee, the department may refuse to process the application or may withdraw permission to leave if the failure to pay is attributable
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to the person's willful refusal to pay or to a failure on the person's part to make a good faith effort to obtain the funds required for the payment.
Condition or extension of supervision Supervision fee State Felony No
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Maine Me. Rev. Stat. tit 17-A §1349-C(1) Revocation of Administrative leave
In determining the amount of the fee, the court shall take into account the financial resources of the person and the nature of the burden its payment imposes. When a
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person fails to pay the administrative supervision fee, the court may revoke administrative release as provided in sections 1349-D and 1349-E unless the person shows that failure to pay was not attributable to a willful refusal to pay or to a failure on that person's part to make a good faith effort to obtain the funds required for the payment.
Incarceration Supervision fee State All No
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Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 46-18-244(3)(a) Type and time of payment--defenses--ensuring payment
In addition to other methods of payment, the court may order one or more of the following in order to satisfy the offender's restitution obligation: (a) forfeiture and sale of
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the offender's assets under the provisions of Title 25, chapter 13, part 7, unless the court finds, after notice and an opportunity for the offender to be heard, that the assets are reasonably necessary for the offender to sustain a living or support the offender's dependents or unless the state determines that the cost of forfeiture and sale would outweigh the amount available to the victim after sale. If the proceeds of sale exceed the amount of restitution ordered and the costs of forfeiture and sale, any remaining amount must be returned to the offender
Property liens All All All No
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Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 46-18-244(6) Type and time of payment--defenses--ensuring payment
For a felony offense: (a) during any period that the offender is incarcerated, the department of corrections shall take a percentage, as set by department rule, of any money in
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any account of the defendant administered by the department and use the money to satisfy any existing restitution obligation; (b) at the beginning of any period during which the offender is not incarcerated, the offender shall sign a statement allowing any employer of the offender to garnish up to 25% of the offender's compensation and give the garnished amounts to the department of corrections to be used by the department to satisfy any existing restitution obligation; and (c) during any period that the defendant is on probation or parole, the probation and parole officer shall set a monthly restitution payment amount by dividing the total amount of unpaid restitution by the number of remaining months of probation or parole. The probation and parole officer may adjust the monthly payment up or down by a maximum of 10%, depending on the offender's circumstances.
Wage/bank account garnishment All All All Yes
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Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 46-18-244(7) Type and time of payment--defenses--ensuring payment
The department of corrections shall give the department of revenue a copy of the order to pay restitution. If full restitution has not been paid, the department of revenue shall,
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pursuant to an agreement made under 46-18-241, intercept any state tax refunds and any federal tax refunds, as provided by law, due the offender and transfer the money to the department of corrections for a felony offense and to the sentencing court for a misdemeanor offense for disbursement to the victim.
Wage/bank account garnishment All All All Yes