Below are all of the laws that govern the structure of courts that match your search criteria.

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State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Court/legal body Function
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Indiana IN Const. Art. 7, § 1 Judicial power The judicial power of the State shall be vested in one Supreme Court, one Court of Appeals, Circuit Courts, and such other courts as the General Assembly may establish. Creation of the courts
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Indiana IN Const. Art. 7, § 2 Supreme Court
The Supreme Court shall consist of the Chief Justice of the State and not less than four nor more than eight associate justices; a majority of whom shall form a
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quorum. The court may appoint such personnel as may be necessary.
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Indiana IN Const. Art. 7, § 4 Jurisdiction of Supreme Court
The Supreme Court shall have no original jurisdiction except in admission to the practice of law; discipline or disbarment of those admitted; the unauthorized practice of law; discipline, removal, and
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retirement of justices and judges; supervision of the exercise of jurisdiction by the other courts of the State; and issuance of writs necessary or appropriate in aid of its jurisdiction. The Supreme Court shall exercise appellate jurisdiction under such terms and conditions as specified by rules except that appeals from a judgment imposing a sentence of death shall be taken directly to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall have, in all appeals of criminal cases, the power to review all questions of law and to review and revise the sentence imposed.
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Indiana IN Const. Art. 7, § 5 Court of Appeals
The Court of Appeals shall consist of as many geographic districts and sit at such locations as the General Assembly shall determine to be necessary. Each geographic district of the
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Court shall consist of three judges. The judges of each geographic district shall appoint such personnel as the General Assembly may provide by law.
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Indiana IN Const. Art. 7, § 6 Jurisdiction of Court of Appeals
The Court shall have no original jurisdiction, except that it may be authorized by rules of the Supreme Court to review directly decisions of administrative agencies. In all other cases,
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it shall exercise appellate jurisdiction under such terms and conditions as the Supreme Court shall specify by rules which shall, however, provide in all cases an absolute right to one appeal and to the extent provided by rule, review and revision of sentences for defendants in all criminal cases.
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Indiana IN Const. Art. 7, § 7 Judicial circuits
The State shall, from time to time, be divided into judicial circuits; and a Judge for each circuit shall be elected by the voters thereof. He shall reside within the
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circuit and shall have been duly admitted to practice law by the Supreme Court of Indiana; he shall hold his office for the term of six years, if he so long behaves well.
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Indiana IN Const. Art. 7, § 8 Circuit courts The Circuit Courts shall have such civil and criminal jurisdiction as may be prescribed by law. Jurisdiction of the courts
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-24-1-2 Jurisdiction (Supreme Court)
(a) The supreme court has jurisdiction in appeals coextensive with the state and has jurisdiction as provided by the Constitution of the State of Indiana.(b) The supreme court has exclusive
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jurisdiction to: (1) admit attorneys to practice law in all courts of the state; and (2) issue restraining orders and injunctions in all cases involving the unauthorized practice of the law; under rules and regulations as the supreme court may prescribe.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-26-3-1 Limited jurisdiction (Tax Court)
The tax court is a court of limited jurisdiction. The tax court has exclusive jurisdiction over any case that arises under the tax laws of Indiana and that is an
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initial appeal of a final determination made by:(1) the department of state revenue with respect to a listed tax (as defined in Ind. Code § 6-8.1-1-1); or (2) the Indiana board of tax review.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-28-1-2 Jurisdiction (Circuit Courts)
(a) All circuit courts have:(1) original and concurrent jurisdiction in all civil cases and in all criminal cases; (2) de novo appellate jurisdiction of appeals from city and town courts; and (3)
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in Marion County, de novo appellate jurisdiction of appeals from township small claims courts established under Ind. Code § 33-34. (b) The circuit court also has the appellate jurisdiction that may be conferred by law upon it.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-29-1-1.5 Jurisdiction (Superior Courts)
All standard superior courts have:(1) original and concurrent jurisdiction in all civil cases and in all criminal cases; (2) de novo appellate jurisdiction of appeals from city and town courts; and (3)
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in Marion County, de novo appellate jurisdiction of appeals from township small claims courts established under Ind. Code § 33-34.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-31-1-1 Creation and establishment of court (St. Joseph County Probate Court)
There is established a probate court in St. Joseph County known as the St. Joseph Probate Court. The court shall be presided over by one (1) judge to be chosen
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as provided in this chapter.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-31-1-9 Jurisdiction (Probate Courts)
All probate courts have:(1) original and concurrent jurisdiction in all civil cases and in all criminal cases; (2) de novo appellate jurisdiction of appeals from city and town courts; and (3) in
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Marion County, de novo appellate jurisdiction of appeals from township small claims courts established under Ind. Code § 33-34.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-34-1-2 Creation (Marion County Small Claims Courts)
(a) There are established township small claims courts in each county containing a consolidated city.(b) The name of each court shall be the “_______ Township of Marion County Small Claims
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Court” (insert the name of the township in the blank).
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-35-1-1 Authority to establish or abolish; election of judge; notice (City or Town Court)
(a) During 2006 and every fourth year after that, a second or third class city or a town may by ordinance establish or abolish a city or town court. An
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ordinance to establish a city or town court must be adopted not less than one (1) year before the judge's term would begin under section 3 of this chapter.(b) The judge for a court established under subsection (a) shall be elected under Ind. Code § 3-10-6 or Ind. Code § 3-10-7 at the municipal election in November 2007 and every four (4) years thereafter. (c) A court established under subsection (a) comes into existence on January 1 of the year following the year in which a judge is elected to serve in that court. (d) A city or town court in existence on January 1, 1986, may continue in operation until it is abolished by ordinance. (e) A city or town that establishes or abolishes a court under this section shall give notice of its action to the division of state court administration of the office of judicial administration under Ind. Code § 33-24-6.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-35-2-3 City court; criminal jurisdiction
A city court has the following jurisdiction over crimes, infractions, and ordinance violations:(1) Jurisdiction of all violations of the ordinances of the city. (2) Jurisdiction of all misdemeanors and all infractions. (3)
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If the city that established the city court has entered into an interlocal agreement described in Ind. Code § 33-35-1-6 with another city or a town, jurisdiction of all other ordinance violations described in the interlocal agreement.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-23-16-11 Establishment of court (Problem Solving Courts)
A city court or county court may establish a problem solving court. A problem solving court established under this section may be a:(1) drug court; (2) mental health court; (3) family dependency
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drug court; (4) community court; (5) reentry court; (6) domestic violence court; (7) veteran's court; or (8) any other court certified as a problem solving court by the Indiana judicial center under section 17 of this chapter.
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Louisiana LA RS §13:101. Supreme court jurisdiction The state shall be divided into seven supreme court districts. The supreme court shall be composed of one justice elected from each of the seven districts as set forth below: Jurisdiction of the courts
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Louisiana LA RS §13:312. Court of appeals circuits There shall be five court of appeal circuits, which shall be subdivided into districts as follows: Jurisdiction of the courts
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Louisiana LA RS §13:477 District Court There shall be forty-one judicial districts in the state and each district shall be composed as follows: Jurisdiction of the courts