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Below are all of the laws that govern the structure of courts that match your search criteria.
|State||Statute||Description/Statute Name||Statutory language||Court/legal body||Function|
|New Jersey||N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2B:12-1; N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2B:12-17||Municipal court jurisdiction||
A municipal court has jurisdiction over the following cases within the territorial jurisdiction of the court: a. Violations of county or municipal ordinances; b. Violations of the motor vehicle and+ See more
traffic laws; c. Disorderly persons offenses, petty disorderly persons offenses and other non-indictable offenses except where exclusive jurisdiction is given to the Superior Court; d. Violations of the fish and game laws; e. Proceedings to collect a penalty where jurisdiction is granted by statute; f. Violations of laws regulating boating; and g. Any other proceedings where jurisdiction is granted by statute; A municipal court has jurisdiction over the following cases within the territorial jurisdiction of the court: a. Violations of county or municipal ordinances; b. Violations of the motor vehicle and traffic laws; c. Disorderly persons offenses, petty disorderly persons offenses and other non-indictable offenses except where exclusive jurisdiction is given to the Superior Court; d. Violations of the fish and game laws; e. Proceedings to collect a penalty where jurisdiction is granted by statute; f. Violations of laws regulating boating; and g. Any other proceedings where jurisdiction is granted by statute.
|Municipal Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|New Jersey||N.J. Const. art. VI, § 3||State superior court jurisdiction||
The Superior Court shall consist of such number of judges as may be authorized by law, each of whom shall exercise the powers of the court subject to rules of the+ See more
Supreme Court. The Superior Court shall at all times consist of at least two judges who shall be assigned to sit in each of the counties of this State, and who are resident therein at the time of appointment and reappointment. The Superior Court shall have original general jurisdiction throughout the State in all causes
|State Superior Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|New Jersey||N.J. Const. art. VI, § 3||appellate court jurisdiction||
The Superior Court shall be divided into an Appellate Division, a Law Division, and a Chancery Division, which shall include a family part. Each division shall have such other parts, consist of+ See more
such number of judges, and hear such causes, as may be provided by rules of the Supreme Court. At least two judges of the Superior Court shall at all times be assigned to sit in each of the counties of the State, who at the time of their appointment and reappointment were residents of that county provided, however, that the number of judges required to reside in the county wherein they sit shall be at least equal in number to the number of judges of the county court sitting in each of the counties at the adoption of this amendment.
|Appellate Division||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|New Jersey||N.J. Const. art. VI, § 1||Supreme Court jurisdiction||
The judicial power shall be vested in a Supreme Court, a Superior Court, and other courts of limited jurisdiction. The other courts and their jurisdiction may from time to time+ See more
be established, altered or abolished by law.
|New Jersey Supreme Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|California||Cal. Con. art. VI, § 12||Supreme Court; review||The Supreme Court may review the decision of a court of appeal in any cause.||Supreme Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|California||Cal. Const. art. VI, § 1||Judicial power||The judicial power of this State is vested in the Supreme Court, courts of appeal, and superior courts, all of which are courts of record.||Judicial power generally||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Louisiana||LA RS §13:101.||Supreme court jurisdiction||The state shall be divided into seven supreme court districts. The supreme court shall be composed of one justice elected from each of the seven districts as set forth below:||Supreme Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Louisiana||LA RS §13:312.||Court of appeals circuits||There shall be five court of appeal circuits, which shall be subdivided into districts as follows:||Courts of Appeal||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Louisiana||LA RS §13:477||District Court||There shall be forty-one judicial districts in the state and each district shall be composed as follows:||District Courts||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Louisiana||LA RS §13:1335||Parish of Orleans District court||There shall be one criminal district court for the parish of Orleans, which shall be composed of twelve judges.||Criminal District Court for Orleans Parish||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Louisiana||LA RS §13:1445||Parish court - juvenile jurisdiction||
The parish court shall be a juvenile court for the parish and shall exercise jurisdiction, concurrent with that of the district court, over juvenile matters, except where a separate juvenile+ See more
or family court with exclusive jurisdiction is established by law.
|Juvenile Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Louisiana||LA RS §13:446||Parish court - criminal jurisdiction||
A. The parish court shall have criminal jurisdiction over all violations of state law and parish or municipal ordinances committed within its territorial jurisdiction which are punishable by a fine+ See more
not exceeding one thousand dollars or by imprisonment not exceeding six months, or both. This jurisdiction shall be concurrent with any jurisdiction conferred by law upon the district court. B. As to all other violations of state law or of a parish or municipal ordinance, the parish court shall have the power to issue warrants of arrest, to examine, commit, admit to bail and discharge, and to hold preliminary examinations in all cases not capital.
|Parish District Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Louisiana||LA RS § 15:1097||Youth court - territorial jurisdiction||
A. The Ware Youth Center Authority is hereby established as a political subdivision of the state, with a territorial jurisdiction throughout the parishes of Claiborne, DeSoto, Natchitoches, Red River, Sabine,+ See more
and Webster. If the governing authority of Claiborne Parish or the governing authority of Webster Parish elects to withdraw its respective parish from the district, the territorial jurisdiction of the district shall not include such parish or parishes.
|Ware Youth Center (juvenile court)||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Louisiana||La. Const. Art. 3 Sec. 1||Judicial power||The judicial power is vested in a supreme court, courts of appeal, district courts, and other courts authorized by this Article.||Supreme Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Louisiana||La. Const. Art. 3 Sec. 8||Court of appeals circuits - panels||
Section 8.(A) Circuits; Panels. The state shall be divided into at least four circuits, with one court of appeal in each. Each court shall sit in panels of at least+ See more
three judges selected according to rules adopted by the court.
|Courts of Appeal (5)||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Louisiana||La RS 13:1401||Family court||
A. There is hereby established the family court for the parish of East Baton Rouge, which shall be a court of record with exclusive jurisdiction in the following proceedings: (1)+ See more
All actions for divorce, annulment of marriages, claims for contributions made by one spouse to the education or training of the other spouse, establishment or disavowal of the paternity of children, spousal and child support and nonsupport, and custody and visitation of children, as well as of all matters incidental to any of the foregoing proceedings, including but not restricted to the issuance of conservatory writs for the protection of community property, the awarding of attorney fees in judgments of divorce, the accumulation of and rendering executory of spousal and child support, the issuance of writs of fieri facias and garnishment under judgments of the court for spousal and child support and attorney fees, jurisdiction of which was vested in the Nineteenth Judicial District Court for the parish of East Baton Rouge prior to the establishment of the family court for the parish of East Baton Rouge.
|Family Court for East Baton Rouge||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|South Carolina||S.C. Const. art. V, § 5||Jurisdiction of Supreme Court||
The Supreme Court shall have power to issue writs or orders of injunction, mandamus, quo warranto, prohibition, certiorari, habeas corpus, and other original and remedial writs. The Court shall have+ See more
appellate jurisdiction only in cases of equity, and in such appeals they shall review the findings of fact as well as the law, except in cases where the facts are settled by a jury and the verdict not set aside. The Supreme Court shall constitute a court for the correction of errors at law under such regulations as the General Assembly may prescribe.
|Supreme Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|South Carolina||S.C. Code Ann. § 14-8-200||Jurisdiction of Court; limitations||
(a) Except as limited by subsection (b) and Section 14-8-260, the court has jurisdiction over any case in which an appeal is taken from an order, judgment, or decree of+ See more
the circuit court, family court, a final decision of an agency, a final decision of an administrative law judge, or the final decision of the Workers' Compensation Commission. This jurisdiction is appellate only, and the court shall apply the same scope of review that the Supreme Court would apply in a similar case. The court has the same authority to issue writs of supersedeas, grant stays, and grant petitions for bail as the Supreme Court would have in a similar case. The court, to the extent the Supreme Court may by rule provide for it to do so, has jurisdiction to entertain petitions for writs of certiorari in post-conviction relief matters pursuant to Section 17-27-100. (b) Jurisdiction of the court does not extend to appeals of the following, the appeal from which lies of right directly to the Supreme Court: (1) a final judgment from the circuit court which includes a sentence of death; (2) a final decision of the Public Service Commission setting public utility rates pursuant to Title 58; (3) a final judgment involving a challenge on state or federal grounds, to the constitutionality of a state law or county or municipal ordinance where the principal issue is one of the constitutionality of the law or ordinance; however, in a case where the Supreme Court finds that the constitutional question raised is not a significant one, the Supreme Court may transfer the case to the court for final judgment; (4) a final judgment from the circuit court involving the authorization, issuance, or proposed issuance of general obligation debt, revenue, institutional, industrial, or hospital bonds of the State, its agencies, political subdivisions, public service districts, counties, and municipalities, or any other indebtedness authorized by Article X of the Constitution of this State; (5) a final judgment from the circuit court pertaining to elections and election procedure; (6) an order limiting an investigation by a state grand jury pursuant to Section 14-7-1630; and (7) an order of the family court relating to an abortion by a minor pursuant to Section 44-41-33.
|Court of Appeals||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|South Carolina||S.C. Const. art. V, § 11||Jurisdiction of Circuit Court||
The Circuit Court shall be a general trial court with original jurisdiction in civil and criminal cases, except those cases in which exclusive jurisdiction shall be given to inferior courts,+ See more
and shall have such appellate jurisdiction as provided by law.
|Circuit Courts||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|South Carolina||Rule 53, SCRCP||Masters and special referees||
(b) References. In an action where the parties consent, in a default case, or an action for foreclosure, some or all of the causes of action in a case may+ See more
be referred to a master or special referee by order of a circuit judge or the clerk of court. In all other actions, the circuit court may, upon application of any party or upon its own motion, direct a reference of some or all of the causes of action in a case. Any party may request a jury pursuant to Rule 38 on any or all issues triable of right by a jury and, upon the filing of a jury demand, the matter shall be returned to the circuit court. A case shall not be referred to a master or special referee for the purpose of making a report to the circuit court. The clerk shall promptly provide the master or special referee with a copy of the order of reference. (c) Powers. Once referred, the master or special referee shall exercise all power and authority which a circuit judge sitting without a jury would have in a similar matter.
|Masters-in-Equity||Jurisdiction of the courts|