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Below are all of the laws that govern the structure of courts that match your search criteria.
|State||Statute||Description/Statute Name||Statutory language||Court/legal body||Function|
|New Jersey||N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2B:12-1; N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2B:12-17||Municipal court jurisdiction||
A municipal court has jurisdiction over the following cases within the territorial jurisdiction of the court: a. Violations of county or municipal ordinances; b. Violations of the motor vehicle and+ See more
traffic laws; c. Disorderly persons offenses, petty disorderly persons offenses and other non-indictable offenses except where exclusive jurisdiction is given to the Superior Court; d. Violations of the fish and game laws; e. Proceedings to collect a penalty where jurisdiction is granted by statute; f. Violations of laws regulating boating; and g. Any other proceedings where jurisdiction is granted by statute; A municipal court has jurisdiction over the following cases within the territorial jurisdiction of the court: a. Violations of county or municipal ordinances; b. Violations of the motor vehicle and traffic laws; c. Disorderly persons offenses, petty disorderly persons offenses and other non-indictable offenses except where exclusive jurisdiction is given to the Superior Court; d. Violations of the fish and game laws; e. Proceedings to collect a penalty where jurisdiction is granted by statute; f. Violations of laws regulating boating; and g. Any other proceedings where jurisdiction is granted by statute.
|Municipal Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|New Jersey||N.J. Const. art. VI, § 3||State superior court jurisdiction||
The Superior Court shall consist of such number of judges as may be authorized by law, each of whom shall exercise the powers of the court subject to rules of the+ See more
Supreme Court. The Superior Court shall at all times consist of at least two judges who shall be assigned to sit in each of the counties of this State, and who are resident therein at the time of appointment and reappointment. The Superior Court shall have original general jurisdiction throughout the State in all causes
|State Superior Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|New Jersey||N.J. Const. art. VI, § 3||appellate court jurisdiction||
The Superior Court shall be divided into an Appellate Division, a Law Division, and a Chancery Division, which shall include a family part. Each division shall have such other parts, consist of+ See more
such number of judges, and hear such causes, as may be provided by rules of the Supreme Court. At least two judges of the Superior Court shall at all times be assigned to sit in each of the counties of the State, who at the time of their appointment and reappointment were residents of that county provided, however, that the number of judges required to reside in the county wherein they sit shall be at least equal in number to the number of judges of the county court sitting in each of the counties at the adoption of this amendment.
|Appellate Division||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|New Jersey||N.J. Const. art. VI, § 1||Supreme Court jurisdiction||
The judicial power shall be vested in a Supreme Court, a Superior Court, and other courts of limited jurisdiction. The other courts and their jurisdiction may from time to time+ See more
be established, altered or abolished by law.
|New Jersey Supreme Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Virginia||Va. Const. art. IV, § 1||Va. Const. art. IV, § 1||
The Supreme Court shall, by virtue of this Constitution, have original jurisdiction in cases of habeas corpus, mandamus, and prohibition; to consider claims of actual innocence presented by convicted felons+ See more
in such cases and in such manner as may be provided by the General Assembly; in matters of judicial censure, retirement, and removal under Section 10 of this article, and to answer questions of state law certified by a court of the United States or the highest appellate court of any other state. All other jurisdiction of the Supreme Court shall be appellate. Subject to such reasonable rules as may be prescribed as to the course of appeals and other procedural matters, the Supreme Court shall, by virtue of this Constitution, have appellate jurisdiction in cases involving the constitutionality of a law under this Constitution or the Constitution of the United States and in cases involving the life or liberty of any person.
|Supreme Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Virginia||§ 17.1-404-405||§ 17.1-404-405||
§ 17.1-404. Original jurisdiction in matters of contempt and injunctions, writs of mandamus, prohibition and habeas corpus.The Court of Appeals shall have authority to punish for contempt. A judge of+ See more
the Court of Appeals shall exercise initially the authority concerning injunctions vested in a justice of the Supreme Court by § 8.01-626 in any case over which the court would have appellate jurisdiction as provided in §§ 17.1-405 and 17.1-406. In addition, in such cases over which the court would have appellate jurisdiction, the court shall have original jurisdiction to issue writs of mandamus, prohibition and habeas corpus. 1983, c. 413, § 17-116.04; 1984, c. 701; 1998, c. 872. § 17.1-405. Appellate jurisdiction -- Administrative agency, Virginia Workers' Compensation Commission, and domestic relations appeals. Any aggrieved party may appeal to the Court of Appeals from: 1. Any final decision of a circuit court on appeal from (i) a decision of an administrative agency, or (ii) a grievance hearing decision issued pursuant to § 2.2-3005; 2. Any final decision of the Virginia Workers' Compensation Commission; 3. Any final judgment, order, or decree of a circuit court involving: a. Affirmance or annulment of a marriage; b. Divorce; c. Custody; d. Spousal or child support; e. The control or disposition of a child; f. Any other domestic relations matter arising under Title 16.1 or Title 20; g. Adoption under Chapter 12 (§ 63.2-1200 et seq.) of Title 63.2; or h. A final grievance hearing decision issued pursuant to subsection B of § 2.2-3007. 4. Any interlocutory decree or order entered in any of the cases listed in this section (i) granting, dissolving, or denying an injunction or (ii) adjudicating the principles of a cause. 1983, c. 413, § 17-116.05; 1984, c. 701; 1985, c. 283; 1990, c. 897; 1998, c. 872; 2000, cc. 830, 947, 1006; 2001, cc. 393, 420.
|Court of Appeals||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Virginia||§ 17.1-513. Jurisdiction of circuit courts.||§ 17.1-513. Jurisdiction of circuit courts.||
The circuit courts shall have jurisdiction of proceedings by quo warranto or information in the nature of quo warranto and to issue writs of mandamus, prohibition and certiorari to all+ See more
inferior tribunals created or existing under the laws of the Commonwealth, and to issue writs of mandamus in all matters of proceedings arising from or pertaining to the action of the boards of supervisors or other governing bodies of the several counties for which such courts are respectively held or in other cases in which it may be necessary to prevent the failure of justice and in which mandamus may issue according to the principles of common law. They shall have appellate jurisdiction in all cases, civil and criminal, in which an appeal may, as provided by law, be taken from the judgment or proceedings of any inferior tribunal. They shall have original and general jurisdiction of all civil cases, except cases upon claims to recover personal property or money not of greater value than $100, exclusive of interest, and except such cases as are assigned to some other tribunal; also in all cases for the recovery of fees in excess of $100; penalties or cases involving the right to levy and collect toll or taxes or the validity of an ordinance or bylaw of any corporation; and also, of all cases, civil or criminal, in which an appeal may be had to the Supreme Court. They shall have jurisdiction to hear motions filed for the purpose of modifying, dissolving, or extending a protective order pursuant to § 16.1-279.1 or 19.2-152.10 if the circuit court issued such order, unless the circuit court remanded the matter to the jurisdiction of the juvenile and domestic relations district court in accordance with § 16.1-297. They shall also have original jurisdiction of all indictments for felonies and of presentments, informations and indictments for misdemeanors. They shall also have jurisdiction for bail hearings pursuant to §§ 19.2-327.2:1 and 19.2-327.10:1. They shall have appellate jurisdiction of all cases, civil and criminal, in which an appeal, writ of error or supersedes may, as provided by law, be taken to or allowed by such courts, or the judges thereof, from or to the judgment or proceedings of any inferior tribunal. They shall also have jurisdiction of all other matters, civil and criminal, made cognizable therein by law and when a motion to recover money is allowed in such tribunals, they may hear and determine the same, although it is to recover less than $100.
|Circuit Courts||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Virginia||§ 16.1-69.8. Existing courts continued and redesignated; exception.||§ 16.1-69.8. Existing courts continued and redesignated; exception.||
The present system of courts not of record is continued as follows on and after July 1, 1973: (a) The county court in each county shall continue as the general district+ See more
court of such county with the same powers and with territorial jurisdiction over such county and over any city within the county for which a municipal court with general civil or criminal jurisdiction or separate general district court has not been established. (b) The municipal court or courts in each city, excluding courts of limited jurisdiction established pursuant to Chapter 5 (§ 16.1-70 et seq.) of this title and juvenile and domestic relations courts, shall continue as the general district court of the city with the same powers and territorial jurisdiction over such city; provided that in the case of more than one such municipal court in operation in any city, all such courts shall be merged on July 1, 1973, and their powers and territorial jurisdiction merged in the general district court.
|General District Courts||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Virginia||§ 16.1-241. Jurisdiction||§ 16.1-241. Jurisdiction||
The judges of the juvenile and domestic relations district court elected or appointed under this law shall be conservators of the peace within the corporate limits of the cities and+ See more
the boundaries of the counties for which they are respectively chosen and within one mile beyond the limits of such cities and counties. Except as hereinafter provided, each juvenile and domestic relations district court shall have, within the limits of the territory for which it is created, exclusive original jurisdiction, and within one mile beyond the limits of said city or county, concurrent jurisdiction with the juvenile court or courts of the adjoining city or county, over all cases, matters and proceedings involving: A. The custody, visitation, support, control or disposition of a child: 1. Who is alleged to be abused, neglected, in need of services, in need of supervision, a status offender, or delinquent except where the jurisdiction of the juvenile court has been terminated or divested; 2. Who is abandoned by his parent or other custodian or who by reason of the absence or physical or mental incapacity of his parents is without parental care and guardianship; 2a. Who is at risk of being abused or neglected by a parent or custodian who has been adjudicated as having abused or neglected another child in the care of the parent or custodian; 3. Whose custody, visitation or support is a subject of controversy or requires determination. In such cases jurisdiction shall be concurrent with and not exclusive of courts having equity jurisdiction, except as provided in § 16.1-244; 4. Who is the subject of an entrustment agreement entered into pursuant to § 63.2-903 or 63.2-1817 or whose parent or parents for good cause desire to be relieved of his care and custody; 5. Where the termination of residual parental rights and responsibilities is sought. In such cases jurisdiction shall be concurrent with and not exclusive of courts having equity jurisdiction, as provided in § 16.1-244; and 6. Who is charged with a traffic infraction as defined in § 46.2-100.
|Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Courts||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Nevada||NV Const. Article 6, Sec. 6||District Courts: Jurisdiction; referees; family court||
District Courts: Jurisdiction; referees; family court. 1. The District Courts in the several Judicial Districts of this State have original jurisdiction in all cases excluded by+ See more
law from the original jurisdiction of justices’ courts. They also have final appellate jurisdiction in cases arising in Justices Courts and such other inferior tribunals as may be established by law. The District Courts and the Judges thereof have power to issue writs of Mandamus, Prohibition, Injunction, Quo-Warrantor, Certiorari, and all other writs proper and necessary to the complete exercise of their jurisdiction. The District Courts and the Judges thereof shall also have power to issue writs of Habeas Corpus on petition by, or on behalf of any person who is held in actual custody in their respective districts, or who has suffered a criminal conviction in their respective districts and has not completed the sentence imposed pursuant to the judgment of conviction.
|District court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Nevada||NV Const. Article 6, Sec. 8||Number, qualifications, terms of office and jurisdiction of Justices of the Peace; appeals; Courts of Record||
. . . The Legislature shall also prescribe by law the manner, and determine the cases, in which appeals may be taken from justices and other courts. The Supreme Court,+ See more
the court of appeals, the district courts and such other courts as the Legislature designates are courts of record.
|District court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Nevada||NV Const. Article 6, Sec. 9||Municipal courts||
Municipal courts. Provision shall be made by law prescribing the powers[,] duties and responsibilities of any Municipal Court that may be established in pursuance of Section One, of this Article; and+ See more
also fixing by law the jurisdiction of said Court so as not to conflict with that of the several courts of Record.
|Municipal court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Nevada||Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 1.200||Original jurisdiction not lost by subsequent legislation||
The court having acquired jurisdiction of an action shall not lose such jurisdiction by reason of any subsequent amendment or repeal of the law under which such jurisdiction was acquired+ See more
unless such amendment or repealing act shall expressly provide that such jurisdiction is terminated, and such action shall proceed to final determination the same as though there had been no such amendment or repeal.
|All courts||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Nevada||Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 2.090||Review of appeal||
The Supreme Court has jurisdiction to review upon appeal: 1. A judgment in an action or proceeding, commenced in a district court, when the matter in dispute is embraced in+ See more
the general jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, and to review upon appeal from such judgment any intermediate order or decision involving the merits and necessarily affecting the judgment and, in a criminal action, any order changing or refusing to change the place of trial of the action or proceeding. 2. An order granting or refusing a new trial in such cases; an order in a civil action changing or refusing to change the place of trial of the action or proceeding after motion is made therefor in the cases in which that court has appellate jurisdiction; and from an order granting or refusing to grant an injunction or mandamus in the case provided for by law.
|Supreme Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Nevada||Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 2A.160||Jurisdiction; review by Supreme Court||The Supreme Court shall fix by rule the jurisdiction of the Court of Appeals and shall provide for the review, where appropriate, of appeals decided by the Court of Appeals.||Court of appeals||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Nevada||Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 3.0199||Jurisdiction over matters arising from or relating to administration of Humboldt River Decree||
The Sixth and Eleventh Judicial District Courts have concurrent jurisdiction over all matters arising from or relating to the administration of the Humboldt River Decree. The venue for any case+ See more
or proceeding arising from or relating to the Humboldt River Decree must be determined on an alternating basis between the Sixth and Eleventh Judicial District Courts.
|District court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Nevada||Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 3.221||Transfer of original jurisdiction to justice court||
If an action is filed in the district court and a district judge determines that the action is properly within the jurisdiction of the justice court pursuant to NRS 4.370,+ See more
the district judge may transfer original jurisdiction of the action to the justice court.
|Justice court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Nevada||Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 3.223 (West)||Jurisdiction of family courts||
1. Except if the child involved is subject to the jurisdiction of an Indian tribe pursuant to the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978, 25 U.S.C. §§ 1901 et seq.,+ See more
in each judicial district in which it is established, the family court has original, exclusive jurisdiction in any proceeding:(a) Brought pursuant to title 5 of NRS or chapter 31A, 123, 125, 125A, 125B, 125C, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 159, 425 or 432B of NRS, except to the extent that a specific statute authorizes the use of any other judicial or administrative procedure to facilitate the collection of an obligation for support.(b) Brought pursuant to NRS 442.255 and 442.2555 to request the court to issue an order authorizing an abortion.(c) For judicial approval of the marriage of a minor.(d) Otherwise within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.(e) To establish the date of birth, place of birth or parentage of a minor.(f) To change the name of a minor.(g) For a judicial declaration of the sanity of a minor.(h) To approve the withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining procedures from a person as authorized by law.(i) Brought pursuant to NRS 433A.200 to 433A.330, inclusive, for an involuntary court-ordered admission to a mental health facility.(j) Brought pursuant to NRS 441A.510 to 441A.720, inclusive, for an involuntary court-ordered isolation or quarantine.2. The family court, where established and, except as otherwise provided in paragraph (m) of subsection 1 of NRS 4.370, the justice court have concurrent jurisdiction over actions for the issuance of a temporary or extended order for protection against domestic violence.3. The family court, where established, and the district court have concurrent jurisdiction over any action for damages brought pursuant to NRS 41.134 by a person who suffered injury as the proximate result of an act that constitutes domestic violence.
|Family Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Nevada||Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 4.280||Jurisdiction of justice of the peace with whom docket is deposited||
Any justice with whom the docket of his or her predecessor, or of any other justice, is deposited, has and may exercise over all actions and proceedings entered in such+ See more
docket the same jurisdiction as if originally commenced before him or her. In case of the creation of a new county, or the change of the boundary between two counties, any justice into whose hands the docket of a justice formerly acting as such within the same territory may come, is, for the purposes of this section, considered the successor of such former justice.
|Justice of the peace||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Nevada||Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 5.050||Jurisdiction||
Municipal courts have jurisdiction of civil actions or proceedings:(a) For the violation of any ordinance of their respective cities.(b) To prevent or abate a nuisance within the limits of their+ See more
respective cities.2. The municipal courts have jurisdiction of all misdemeanors committed in violation of the ordinances of their respective cities. Upon approval of the district court, a municipal court may transfer original jurisdiction of a misdemeanor to the district court for the purpose of assigning an offender to a program established pursuant to NRS 176A.250 or 176A.280.3. The municipal courts have jurisdiction of:(a) Any action for the collection of taxes or assessments levied for city purposes, when the principal sum thereof does not exceed $2,500.(b) Actions to foreclose liens in the name of the city for the nonpayment of those taxes or assessments when the principal sum claimed does not exceed $2,500.(c) Actions for the breach of any bond given by any officer or person to or for the use or benefit of the city, and of any action for damages to which the city is a party, and upon all forfeited recognizances given to or for the use or benefit of the city, and upon all bonds given on appeals from the municipal court in any of the cases named in this section, when the principal sum claimed does not exceed $2,500.(d) Actions for the recovery of personal property belonging to the city, when the value thereof does not exceed $2,500.(e) Actions by the city for the collection of any damages, debts or other obligations when the amount claimed, exclusive of costs or attorney's fees, or both if allowed, does not exceed $2,500.(f) Actions seeking an order pursuant to NRS 441A.195.
|Municipal court||Jurisdiction of the courts|