Below are all of the laws that govern the structure of courts that match your search criteria.

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State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Court/legal body Function
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Michigan Michigan State Constitution Article VI Sec. 1 Michigan State Constitution Article VI Sec. 1
The judicial power of the state is vested exclusively in one court of justice which shall be divided into one supreme court . . . and courts of limited jurisdiction
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that the legislature may establish by a two-thirds vote of the members elected to and serving in each house.
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Virginia Va. Const. art. IV, § 1 Va. Const. art. IV, § 1
The judicial power of the Commonwealth shall be vested in a Supreme Court and in such other courts of original or appellate jurisdiction subordinate to the Supreme Court as the
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General Assembly may from time to time establish.
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Pennsylvania 42 Pa. Stat. and Cons. Stat. Ann. § 1341 Third class city traffic courts authorized
Any city of the third class may establish by ordinance a traffic court which shall be a court not of record. The court shall be held by such of the
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magisterial district judges of the city as shall be designated by the president judge of the court of common pleas upon petition by the city. If established, the court shall be for the city so establishing it.
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Louisiana La. Const. Art. 3 Sec. 9 District courts - elected judges
Section 9. Each circuit shall be divided into at least three districts, and at least one judge shall be elected from each. The circuits and districts and the number of
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judges as elected in each circuit on the effective date of this constitution are retained, subject to change by law enacted by two-thirds of the elected members of each house of the legislature.
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Louisiana La. Const. Ann. art. V, § 20 Justice of the Peace/Mayor's Court - subject to change by law Mayors' courts and justice of the peace courts existing on the effective date of this constitution are continued, subject to change by law. Creation of the courts
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Colorado C.R.S. 13-6-101 Establishment

Pursuant to the provisions of section 1 of article VI of the Colorado constitution, there is hereby established in each county of the state of Colorado a county court.

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Colorado C.R.S. 13-8-101 Establishment

Pursuant to the provisions of section 1 of article VI of the Colorado constitution, there is hereby established the juvenile court of the city and county of Denver.

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Colorado C.R.S. 13-9-101 Establishment

Pursuant to the provisions of section 1 of article VI of the Colorado constitution, there is hereby established the probate court of the city and county of Denver.

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Illinois 730 Ill. Comp. Stat. 167/5 Veterans and Servicemembers Court Treatment Act: Purposes

It is the intent of the General Assembly to create specialized veteran and service member courts or programs with the necessary flexibility to meet the specialized problems faced by these

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veteran and service member defendants.

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Illinois 730 Ill. Comp. Stat. 168/5 Mental Health Court Treatment Act: Purposes

It is the intent of the General Assembly to create specialized mental health courts with the necessary flexibility to meet the problems of criminal defendants with mental illnesses and co-occurring

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mental illness and substance abuse problems in the State of Illinois.

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Illinois 730 Ill. Comp. Stat. 166/5 Drug Court Treatment Act: Purposes

The Chief Judge of each judicial circuit must establish a drug court program including the format under which it operates under this Act.

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Illinois IL Const. Art. VI, § 1 Courts

The judicial power is vested in a Supreme Court, an Appellate Court and Circuit Courts.

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Georgia Ga. Const. Art. VI, § I, Para. I Judicial Power of the State

The judicial power of the state shall be vested exclusively in the following classes of courts: magistrate courts, probate courts, juvenile courts, state courts, superior courts, state-wide business court, Court

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of Appeals, and Supreme Court. Nothing in this paragraph shall preclude a superior court from creating a business court division for its circuit in a manner provided by law. Magistrate courts, probate courts, juvenile courts, and state courts shall be courts of limited jurisdiction. In addition, the General Assembly may establish or authorize the establishment of municipal courts and may authorize administrative agencies to exercise quasi-judicial powers. Municipal courts shall have jurisdiction over ordinance violations and such other jurisdiction as provided by law. Except as provided in this paragraph and in Section X, municipal courts, county recorder's courts and civil courts in existence on June 30, 1983, and administrative agencies shall not be subject to the provisions of this article. The General Assembly shall have the authority to confer "by law" jurisdiction upon municipal courts to try state offenses.

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Maine Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 421 Establishment

 The Judicial Department may establish alcohol and drug treatment programs in the Superior Courts and District Courts and may adopt administrative orders and court rules to govern the practice, procedure

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and administration of these programs. Alcohol and drug treatment programs must include local judges and must be community based and operated separately from juvenile drug courts.

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Maine Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 431 Mental health treatment courts

 The Judicial Department may seek and receive grants to establish mental health treatment courts.

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Maine Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 433(2) Veterans treatment courts

Chief Justice may establish. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court may establish veterans treatment courts for veterans and members of the United States Armed Forces. The Supreme Judicial

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Court may adopt administrative orders and court rules of practice and procedure as necessary.

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Georgia Ga. Code Ann. § 15-5A-1 Establishment

There shall be a state-wide business court as provided for in Article VI of the Constitution of this state to be known as the Georgia State-wide Business Court. Nothing in

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this chapter shall preclude a superior court from creating or continuing an existing business court division for its circuit on or after May 7, 2019, or preclude a state court from creating or continuing an existing business court division on or after the May 7, 2019, in the manner provided by law.

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Georgia Ga. Code Ann. § 15-7-2 Creation of State Courts

The General Assembly may by local law create a state court in any county or counties of this state in which there is no state court, and such court shall

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be the "State Court of (whatever county or counties in which the court is located)."

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Georgia Ga. Code Ann. § 15-8-1 City Courts as Courts of Record

City courts created by special Act of the General Assembly shall be courts of record.

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Georgia Ga. Code Ann. § 15-10-1 Creation of Magistrate Courts

There shall be one magistrate court in each county of the state which shall be known as the Magistrate Court of ___ County.

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