Below are all of the laws that govern the structure of courts that match your search criteria.

33 Results

Export results to Excel

State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Court/legal body Function
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Michigan Michigan State Constitution Article VI Sec. 1 Michigan State Constitution Article VI Sec. 1
The judicial power of the state is vested exclusively in one court of justice which shall be divided into one supreme court . . . and courts of limited jurisdiction
+ See more
that the legislature may establish by a two-thirds vote of the members elected to and serving in each house.
Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Nevada NV Const. Article 6, Sec. 1 Judicial power vested in court system
Judicial power vested in court system.  The judicial power of this State is vested in a court system, comprising a Supreme Court, a court of appeals, district courts and justices of
+ See more
the peace. The Legislature may also establish, as part of the system, courts for municipal purposes only in incorporated cities and towns.
Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Nevada NV Const. Article 6, Sec. 6 District Courts: Jurisdiction; referees; family court
2.  The legislature may provide by law for: . . . . (b) The establishment of a family court as a division of any district
+ See more
court and may prescribe its jurisdiction.
Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Arizona Ariz. Const. art. VI, § 1 Judicial power; courts
The judicial power shall be vested in an integrated judicial department consisting of a supreme court, such intermediate appellate courts as may be provided by law, a superior court, such
+ See more
courts inferior to the superior court as may be provided by law, and justice courts.
Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Arizona Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §12-120 Creation of court of appeals; court of record; composition; sessions
A. There is created a court of appeals which shall constitute a single court and such court shall be a court of record.B. The court of appeals shall be divided
+ See more
into two divisions which shall be designated as division 1 and division 2. Division 1 shall have sixteen judges, consisting of the chief judge and five departments of three judges each, denominated, respectively, department A, department B, department C, department D and department E. Division 2 shall have six judges, consisting of two departments of three judges each, denominated, respectively, department A and department B. C. Division 1 shall consist of the counties of Maricopa, Yuma, La Paz, Mohave, Coconino, Yavapai, Navajo and Apache. D. Division 2 shall consist of the counties of Pima, Pinal, Cochise, Santa Cruz, Greenlee, Graham and Gila. E. The sessions of divisions 1 and 2 shall be held in Phoenix and Tucson, respectively. Sessions may be held at places other than Phoenix or Tucson when in the opinion of a majority of the judges of a division or department the public interest so requires. The judges of the respective divisions and departments may hold sessions in either division and shall do so when directed by the chief justice of the supreme court. Each judge of the court of appeals may participate in matters pending before a different division or department. F. No more than three judges of the court of appeals, including superior court judges and retired judges sitting with the court, shall hear and determine a matter and render a decision, and a majority of two of the three judges shall be sufficient to render a decision.
Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Louisiana La. Const. Art. 3 Sec. 9 District courts - elected judges
Section 9. Each circuit shall be divided into at least three districts, and at least one judge shall be elected from each. The circuits and districts and the number of
+ See more
judges as elected in each circuit on the effective date of this constitution are retained, subject to change by law enacted by two-thirds of the elected members of each house of the legislature.
Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Louisiana La. Const. Ann. art. V, § 20 Justice of the Peace/Mayor's Court - subject to change by law Mayors' courts and justice of the peace courts existing on the effective date of this constitution are continued, subject to change by law. Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Alabama Ala.Code 1975 § 12-23A-4(a)(1) Drug court - establishment of

The presiding judge of each judicial circuit, with the consent of the district attorney of that judicial circuit, may establish a drug court or courts, under which drug offenders shall

+ See more
be processed, to appropriately address the identified substance abuse problem of the drug offender as a condition of pretrial release, pretrial diversion, probation, jail, prison, parole, community corrections, or other release or diversion from a correctional facility. The structure, method, and operation of each drug court may differ and should be based upon the specific needs of and resources available to the judicial district or circuit where the drug court is located, but shall be created and operate pursuant to this chapter and in compliance with rules promulgated by the Alabama Supreme Court.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Arizona Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-402 Establishment and jurisdiction

A. In each city or town incorporated under the general laws of this state, there shall be a municipal court.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Maine Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 421 Establishment

 The Judicial Department may establish alcohol and drug treatment programs in the Superior Courts and District Courts and may adopt administrative orders and court rules to govern the practice, procedure

+ See more
and administration of these programs. Alcohol and drug treatment programs must include local judges and must be community based and operated separately from juvenile drug courts.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Maine Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 431 Mental health treatment courts

 The Judicial Department may seek and receive grants to establish mental health treatment courts.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Maine Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 433(2) Veterans treatment courts

Chief Justice may establish. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court may establish veterans treatment courts for veterans and members of the United States Armed Forces. The Supreme Judicial

+ See more
Court may adopt administrative orders and court rules of practice and procedure as necessary.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Minnesota Minn. Const. Art. 6, § 2 Judiciary; Supreme Court

The supreme court consists of one chief judge and not less than six nor more than eight associate judges as the legislature may establish. It shall have original jurisdiction in

+ See more
such remedial cases as are prescribed by law, and appellate jurisdiction in all cases, but there shall be no trial by jury in the supreme court. The legislature may establish a court of appeals and provide by law for the number of its judges, who shall not be judges of any other court, and its organization and for the review of its decisions by the supreme court. The court of appeals shall have appellate jurisdiction over all courts, except the supreme court, and other appellate jurisdiction as prescribed by law. As provided by law judges of the court of appeals or of the district court may be assigned temporarily to act as judges of the supreme court upon its request and judges of the district court may be assigned temporarily by the supreme court to act as judges of the court of appeals. The supreme court shall appoint to serve at its pleasure a clerk, a reporter, a state law librarian and other necessary employees.

Creation of the courts, Jurisdiction of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Minnesota Minn. Const. Art. 6, § 1 Judiciary; Judicial power

The judicial power of the state is vested in a supreme court, a court of appeals, if established by the legislature, a district court and such other courts, judicial officers

+ See more
and commissioners with jurisdiction inferior to the district court as the legislature may establish.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Idaho Idaho Const. Art. V, § 11 District Courts -- Judges and Terms

The state shall be divided into five (5) judicial districts, for each of which a judge shall be chosen by the qualified electors thereof, whose term of office shall be

+ See more
four (4) years. And there shall be held a district court in each county, at least twice in each year, to continue for such time in each county as may be prescribed by law. But the legislature may reduce or increase the number of districts, district judges and district attorneys. This section shall not be construed to prevent the holding of special terms under such regulations as may be provided by law.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Idaho Idaho Const. Art. V, § 14 Special Courts in Cities and Towns

The legislature may provide for the establishment of special courts for the trial of misdemeanors in incorporated cities and towns, where the same may be necessary.

Creation of the courts, Jurisdiction of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Idaho Idaho Code § 1-2403 Court of Appeals Established -- Administration and Supervision

There is hereby created the Idaho court of appeals. The court of appeals shall be part of the judicial branch of government and shall be subject to administration and supervision

+ See more
by the supreme court of Idaho pursuant to article 5, section 2 of the Idaho constitution.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Idaho Idaho Code § 1-2201 Magistrate Division of District Court -- Established

Pursuant to the provisions of section 2 of article V of the Idaho Constitution there is hereby established in each county of the state of Idaho a magistrate division of

+ See more
the district court.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Idaho Idaho Code § 1-2301 Small Claims Department -- Creation -- Scope of Claims -- Venue

In every magistrate's division of the district court of this state, the district court may create and organize a "Small Claims Department of the Magistrate's Division," which shall have jurisdiction

+ See more
in cases for the recovery of money where the amount of each claim does not exceed five thousand dollars ($ 5,000), and in cases for the recovery of personal property where the value of the property does not exceed five thousand dollars ($ 5,000); provided however, that the small claims department shall not award punitive damages or damages for pain or suffering in any proceeding. Any action brought in a small claims department of the magistrate's division shall be brought in the magistrate's division in the county where the defendant resides or the county where the cause of action arose. A defendant may request a change of venue if an action is brought in an improper county.

Creation of the courts, Jurisdiction of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Missouri Mo. Const. Art. 5, § 1 Judicial Power - Constitutional Courts

The judicial power of the state shall be vested in a supreme court, a court of appeals consisting of districts as prescribed by law, and circuit courts.

Creation of the courts