Below are all of the laws that govern the structure of courts that match your search criteria.

24 Results

Export results to Excel

State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Court/legal body Function
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Louisiana La. Const. Art. 3 Sec. 9 District courts - elected judges
Section 9. Each circuit shall be divided into at least three districts, and at least one judge shall be elected from each. The circuits and districts and the number of
+ See more
judges as elected in each circuit on the effective date of this constitution are retained, subject to change by law enacted by two-thirds of the elected members of each house of the legislature.
Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Louisiana La. Const. Ann. art. V, § 20 Justice of the Peace/Mayor's Court - subject to change by law Mayors' courts and justice of the peace courts existing on the effective date of this constitution are continued, subject to change by law. Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Connecticut Conn. Const., art. V, § 1 Creation of lower courts
The judicial power of the state shall be vested in a supreme court, a superior court, and such lower courts as the general assembly shall, from time to time, ordain
+ See more
and establish. The powers and jurisdiction of these courts shall be defined by law.
Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Maine Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 421 Establishment

 The Judicial Department may establish alcohol and drug treatment programs in the Superior Courts and District Courts and may adopt administrative orders and court rules to govern the practice, procedure

+ See more
and administration of these programs. Alcohol and drug treatment programs must include local judges and must be community based and operated separately from juvenile drug courts.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Maine Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 431 Mental health treatment courts

 The Judicial Department may seek and receive grants to establish mental health treatment courts.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Maine Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 433(2) Veterans treatment courts

Chief Justice may establish. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court may establish veterans treatment courts for veterans and members of the United States Armed Forces. The Supreme Judicial

+ See more
Court may adopt administrative orders and court rules of practice and procedure as necessary.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Nevada NV Const. Article 6, Sec. 1 Judicial power vested in court system
Judicial power vested in court system.  The judicial power of this State is vested in a court system, comprising a Supreme Court, a court of appeals, district courts and justices of
+ See more
the peace. The Legislature may also establish, as part of the system, courts for municipal purposes only in incorporated cities and towns.
Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Nevada NV Const. Article 6, Sec. 6 District Courts: Jurisdiction; referees; family court
2.  The legislature may provide by law for: . . . . (b) The establishment of a family court as a division of any district
+ See more
court and may prescribe its jurisdiction.
Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

New Mexico N.M. Stat. Ann. § 34-8A-1 Metropolitan court; established

There is established within the boundaries of a class A county with a population of more than two hundred fifty thousand persons in the last federal decennial census the “metropolitan

+ See more
court”. The name of the metropolitan district is the same as the name of the county in which it is located.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

New Mexico N.M. Const. art. VI, § 1 Judicial power vested

The judicial power of the state shall be vested in the senate when sitting as a court of impeachment, a supreme court, a court of appeals, district courts; probate courts,

+ See more
magistrate courts and such other courts inferior to the district courts as may be established by law from time to time in any district, county or municipality of the state.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

New Mexico N.M. Const. art. VI, § 1 Judicial power vested

The judicial power of the state shall be vested in the senate when sitting as a court of impeachment, a supreme court, a court of appeals, district courts; probate courts,

+ See more
magistrate courts and such other courts inferior to the district courts as may be established by law from time to time in any district, county or municipality of the state.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

New Mexico N.M. Const. art. VI, § 1 Judicial power vested

The judicial power of the state shall be vested in the senate when sitting as a court of impeachment, a supreme court, a court of appeals, district courts; probate courts,

+ See more
magistrate courts and such other courts inferior to the district courts as may be established by law from time to time in any district, county or municipality of the state.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

New Mexico N.M. Const. art. VI, § 1 Judicial power vested

The judicial power of the state shall be vested in the senate when sitting as a court of impeachment, a supreme court, a court of appeals, district courts; probate courts,

+ See more
magistrate courts and such other courts inferior to the district courts as may be established by law from time to time in any district, county or municipality of the state.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

New Mexico N.M. Const. art. VI, § 1 Judicial power vested

The judicial power of the state shall be vested in the senate when sitting as a court of impeachment, a supreme court, a court of appeals, district courts; probate courts,

+ See more
magistrate courts and such other courts inferior to the district courts as may be established by law from time to time in any district, county or municipality of the state.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

New Mexico N.M. Stat. Ann. § 35-1-1 Magistrate court; establishment

There is established the “magistrate court” as a court of limited original jurisdiction within the judicial department of the state government. Personnel of the magistrate court are subject to all

+ See more
laws and regulations applicable to other state offices and agencies and to other state officers and employees except where otherwise provided by law. The magistrate court is not a court of record

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

New Mexico N.M. Const. art. VI, § 23 Probate court

A probate court is hereby established for each county, which shall be a court of record, and, until otherwise provided by law, shall have the same jurisdiction as heretofore exercised

+ See more
by the probate courts of New Mexico and shall also have jurisdiction to determine heirship with respect to real property in all proceedings for the administration of decedents' estates. The legislature shall have power from time to time to confer upon the probate court in any county in this state jurisdiction to determine heirship in all probate proceedings, and shall have power also from time to time to confer upon the probate court in any county in this state general civil jurisdiction coextensive with the county; provided, however, that such court shall not have jurisdiction in civil causes in which the matter in controversy shall exceed in value three thousand dollars ($3,000.00) exclusive of interest and cost; nor in any action for malicious prosecution, slander and libel; nor in any action against officers for misconduct in office; nor in any action for the specific performance of contracts for the sale of real estate; nor in any action for the possession of land; nor in any matter wherein the title or boundaries of land may be in dispute or drawn in question, except as title to real property may be affected by the determination of heirship; nor to grant writs of injunction, habeas corpus or extraordinary writs. Jurisdiction may be conferred upon the judges of said court to act as examining and committing magistrates in criminal cases, and upon said courts for the trial of misdemeanors in which the punishment cannot be imprisonment in the penitentiary, or in which the fine cannot be in excess of one thousand dollars ($1,000). A jury for the trial of such cases shall consist of six men. The legislature shall prescribe the qualifications and fix the compensation of probate judges

Creation of the courts, Jurisdiction of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Texas Tex. Const. Art. 5 Sec. 1 Judicial power; courts in which vested

The judicial power of this State shall be vested in one Supreme Court, in one Court of Criminal Appeals, in Courts of Appeals, in District Courts, in County Courts, in

+ See more
Commissioners Courts, in Courts of Justices of the Peace, and in such other courts as may be provided by law.

The Legislature may establish such other courts as it may deem necessary and prescribe the jurisdiction and organization thereof, and may conform the jurisdiction of the district and other inferior courts thereto.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Vermont Vt. Const. ch. 2 § 4 Judiciary powers

The judicial power of the State shall be vested in a unified judicial system which shall be composed of a Supreme Court, a Superior Court, and such other subordinate courts

+ See more
as the General Assembly may from time to time ordain and establish.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Vermont Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 4 § 1 Unified court system established

The Judiciary shall be a unified court system under the administrative control of the Supreme Court. It shall consist of an appellate division, which shall be the Supreme Court, and

+ See more
a trial division, which shall consist of a trial court of general jurisdiction to be known as the Superior Court, and a Judicial Bureau.

Creation of the courts
BS-+-Light-Rounded-Square
Add to Dashboard

+ Create New

Vermont Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 4 § 30 Superior Court

(a)(1) A Superior Court having statewide jurisdiction is created. The Superior Court shall have the following divisions:
(B) A Criminal Division, which shall be a court of record and have

+ See more
jurisdiction over the matters described in section 32 of this title. The Vermont Rules of Criminal Procedure shall apply to criminal matters in the Criminal Division, and the Vermont Rules of Civil Procedure shall apply to civil matters in the Criminal Division.

Creation of the courts, Jurisdiction of the courts