Keyword search across all of the laws in the states. Subject-area tabs above allow you to narrow results. Click the advanced search for further refinement.
Every law can be saved to the Reform Builder
Below are all of the laws that govern the structure of courts that match your search criteria.
|State||Statute||Description/Statute Name||Statutory language||Court/legal body||Function|
|Louisiana||La. Const. Art. 3 Sec. 9||District courts - elected judges||
Section 9. Each circuit shall be divided into at least three districts, and at least one judge shall be elected from each. The circuits and districts and the number of+ See more
judges as elected in each circuit on the effective date of this constitution are retained, subject to change by law enacted by two-thirds of the elected members of each house of the legislature.
|District Courts||Creation of the courts|
|Louisiana||La. Const. Ann. art. V, § 20||Justice of the Peace/Mayor's Court - subject to change by law||Mayors' courts and justice of the peace courts existing on the effective date of this constitution are continued, subject to change by law.||Justice of the Peace Courts/Mayor's Courts||Creation of the courts|
|Connecticut||Conn. Const., art. V, § 1||Creation of lower courts||
The judicial power of the state shall be vested in a supreme court, a superior court, and such lower courts as the general assembly shall, from time to time, ordain+ See more
and establish. The powers and jurisdiction of these courts shall be defined by law.
|Lower courts||Creation of the courts|
|Georgia||Ga. Const. Art. VI, § I, Para. I||Judicial Power of the State||
+ See more
The judicial power of the state shall be vested exclusively in the following classes of courts: magistrate courts, probate courts, juvenile courts, state courts, superior courts, state-wide business court, Court
of Appeals, and Supreme Court. Nothing in this paragraph shall preclude a superior court from creating a business court division for its circuit in a manner provided by law. Magistrate courts, probate courts, juvenile courts, and state courts shall be courts of limited jurisdiction. In addition, the General Assembly may establish or authorize the establishment of municipal courts and may authorize administrative agencies to exercise quasi-judicial powers. Municipal courts shall have jurisdiction over ordinance violations and such other jurisdiction as provided by law. Except as provided in this paragraph and in Section X, municipal courts, county recorder's courts and civil courts in existence on June 30, 1983, and administrative agencies shall not be subject to the provisions of this article. The General Assembly shall have the authority to confer "by law" jurisdiction upon municipal courts to try state offenses.
|Courts generally||Creation of the courts|
|Georgia||Ga. Code Ann. § 15-5A-1||Establishment||
+ See more
There shall be a state-wide business court as provided for in Article VI of the Constitution of this state to be known as the Georgia State-wide Business Court. Nothing in
this chapter shall preclude a superior court from creating or continuing an existing business court division for its circuit on or after May 7, 2019, or preclude a state court from creating or continuing an existing business court division on or after the May 7, 2019, in the manner provided by law.
|Other||Creation of the courts|
|Georgia||Ga. Code Ann. § 15-7-2||Creation of State Courts||
+ See more
The General Assembly may by local law create a state court in any county or counties of this state in which there is no state court, and such court shall
be the "State Court of (whatever county or counties in which the court is located)."
|State Court||Creation of the courts|
|Georgia||Ga. Code Ann. § 15-8-1||City Courts as Courts of Record||
City courts created by special Act of the General Assembly shall be courts of record.
|City Courts||Creation of the courts|
|Georgia||Ga. Code Ann. § 15-10-1||Creation of Magistrate Courts||
There shall be one magistrate court in each county of the state which shall be known as the Magistrate Court of ___ County.
|Magistrate Court||Creation of the courts|
|Georgia||Ga. Code Ann. § 15-11-50(a)||Creation of Juvenile Courts; Appointment of Judges||
There is created a juvenile court in every county in the state.
|Juvenile Courts||Creation of the courts|
|Maine||Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 421||Establishment||
+ See more
The Judicial Department may establish alcohol and drug treatment programs in the Superior Courts and District Courts and may adopt administrative orders and court rules to govern the practice, procedure
and administration of these programs. Alcohol and drug treatment programs must include local judges and must be community based and operated separately from juvenile drug courts.
|Alcohol and drug treatment court||Creation of the courts|
|Maine||Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 431||Mental health treatment courts||
The Judicial Department may seek and receive grants to establish mental health treatment courts.
|Mental health treatment courts||Creation of the courts|
|Maine||Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 433(2)||Veterans treatment courts||
+ See more
Chief Justice may establish. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court may establish veterans treatment courts for veterans and members of the United States Armed Forces. The Supreme Judicial
Court may adopt administrative orders and court rules of practice and procedure as necessary.
|Veterans treatment courts||Creation of the courts|
|Michigan||Michigan State Constitution Article VI Sec. 1||Michigan State Constitution Article VI Sec. 1||
The judicial power of the state is vested exclusively in one court of justice which shall be divided into one supreme court . . . and courts of limited jurisdiction+ See more
that the legislature may establish by a two-thirds vote of the members elected to and serving in each house.
|Limited jurisdiction court||Creation of the courts|
|Nevada||NV Const. Article 6, Sec. 1||Judicial power vested in court system||
Judicial power vested in court system. The judicial power of this State is vested in a court system, comprising a Supreme Court, a court of appeals, district courts and justices of+ See more
the peace. The Legislature may also establish, as part of the system, courts for municipal purposes only in incorporated cities and towns.
|All courts||Creation of the courts|
|Nevada||NV Const. Article 6, Sec. 6||District Courts: Jurisdiction; referees; family court||
2. The legislature may provide by law for: . . . . (b) The establishment of a family court as a division of any district+ See more
court and may prescribe its jurisdiction.
|Family Court||Creation of the courts|
|New Hampshire||N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 490-G:2||Implementation of Drug Courts||
+ See more
I. (a) Each superior or circuit court may establish one or more drug courts under which drug offenders may be processed to address appropriately an identified substance abuse problem. “Drug
court” means a judicial intervention process that incorporates and substantially complies with the Ten Key Components listed in subparagraph (b) and may include:(1) “Pre-adjudication” where a drug offender is ordered to participate in drug court before charges are filed or before conviction;(2) “Post-adjudication” where a drug offender is ordered to participate in drug court after entering a plea of guilty or nolo contendre or having been found guilty;(3) “Reentry” where a drug offender is ordered to participate in drug court upon release from a sentence of incarceration; or(4) “Combination program” which may include pre-adjudication, post-adjudication, and/or reentry.
|Drug court||Creation of the courts|
|New Hampshire||N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 490-H:2||Implementation of Mental Health Courts||
+ See more
Any superior or circuit court may establish one or more mental health courts under which the courts monitor offenders with mental illnesses for compliance with individual services to change behavior
which would otherwise result in criminal conduct.
|Mental health court||Creation of the courts|
|New Hampshire||N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 592-B:9||Drug Courts or Alternative Drug Offender Programs||
+ See more
I. (a) In any county that has implemented or which will implement the felonies first project established in this chapter within one year of commencing operation of a drug court
or alternative drug offender program, the judicial branch shall fund and operate an approved drug court or alternative drug offender program separate from the statewide drug offender grant program established in RSA 490-G, and at no cost to the county.
|Drug Court||Creation of the courts|
|New Hampshire||N.H. Const. Pt. 2, art. 72a||Supreme and Superior Courts||
+ See more
The judicial power of the state shall be vested in the supreme court, a trial court of general jurisdiction known as the superior court, and such lower courts as the
legislature may establish under Article 4th of Part 2.
|Supreme Court||Creation of the courts|