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Below are all of the laws that govern the structure of courts that match your search criteria.
|State||Statute||Description/Statute Name||Statutory language||Court/legal body||Function|
|Pennsylvania||42 Pa. Stat. and Cons. Stat. Ann. § 1341||Third class city traffic courts authorized||
Any city of the third class may establish by ordinance a traffic court which shall be a court not of record. The court shall be held by such of the+ See more
magisterial district judges of the city as shall be designated by the president judge of the court of common pleas upon petition by the city. If established, the court shall be for the city so establishing it.
|Traffic court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||IN Const. Art. 7, § 1||Judicial power||The judicial power of the State shall be vested in one Supreme Court, one Court of Appeals, Circuit Courts, and such other courts as the General Assembly may establish.||Supreme Court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||IN Const. Art. 7, § 2||Supreme Court||
The Supreme Court shall consist of the Chief Justice of the State and not less than four nor more than eight associate justices; a majority of whom shall form a+ See more
quorum. The court may appoint such personnel as may be necessary.
|Supreme Court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||IN Const. Art. 7, § 5||Court of Appeals||
The Court of Appeals shall consist of as many geographic districts and sit at such locations as the General Assembly shall determine to be necessary. Each geographic district of the+ See more
Court shall consist of three judges. The judges of each geographic district shall appoint such personnel as the General Assembly may provide by law.
|Court of Appeals||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||IN Const. Art. 7, § 7||Judicial circuits||
The State shall, from time to time, be divided into judicial circuits; and a Judge for each circuit shall be elected by the voters thereof. He shall reside within the+ See more
circuit and shall have been duly admitted to practice law by the Supreme Court of Indiana; he shall hold his office for the term of six years, if he so long behaves well.
|Circuit Courts||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||Ind. Code § 33-31-1-1||Creation and establishment of court (St. Joseph County Probate Court)||
There is established a probate court in St. Joseph County known as the St. Joseph Probate Court. The court shall be presided over by one (1) judge to be chosen+ See more
as provided in this chapter.
|Probate Court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||Ind. Code § 33-34-1-2||Creation (Marion County Small Claims Courts)||
(a) There are established township small claims courts in each county containing a consolidated city.(b) The name of each court shall be the “_______ Township of Marion County Small Claims+ See more
Court” (insert the name of the township in the blank).
|Small Claims Court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||Ind. Code § 33-35-1-1||Authority to establish or abolish; election of judge; notice (City or Town Court)||
(a) During 2006 and every fourth year after that, a second or third class city or a town may by ordinance establish or abolish a city or town court. An+ See more
ordinance to establish a city or town court must be adopted not less than one (1) year before the judge's term would begin under section 3 of this chapter.(b) The judge for a court established under subsection (a) shall be elected under Ind. Code § 3-10-6 or Ind. Code § 3-10-7 at the municipal election in November 2007 and every four (4) years thereafter. (c) A court established under subsection (a) comes into existence on January 1 of the year following the year in which a judge is elected to serve in that court. (d) A city or town court in existence on January 1, 1986, may continue in operation until it is abolished by ordinance. (e) A city or town that establishes or abolishes a court under this section shall give notice of its action to the division of state court administration of the office of judicial administration under Ind. Code § 33-24-6.
|City or Town Court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||Ind. Code § 33-23-16-11||Establishment of court (Problem Solving Courts)||
A city court or county court may establish a problem solving court. A problem solving court established under this section may be a:(1) drug court; (2) mental health court; (3) family dependency+ See more
drug court; (4) community court; (5) reentry court; (6) domestic violence court; (7) veteran's court; or (8) any other court certified as a problem solving court by the Indiana judicial center under section 17 of this chapter.
|City or Town Court||Creation of the courts|
|Louisiana||La. Const. Art. 3 Sec. 9||District courts - elected judges||
Section 9. Each circuit shall be divided into at least three districts, and at least one judge shall be elected from each. The circuits and districts and the number of+ See more
judges as elected in each circuit on the effective date of this constitution are retained, subject to change by law enacted by two-thirds of the elected members of each house of the legislature.
|District Courts||Creation of the courts|
|Louisiana||La. Const. Ann. art. V, § 20||Justice of the Peace/Mayor's Court - subject to change by law||Mayors' courts and justice of the peace courts existing on the effective date of this constitution are continued, subject to change by law.||Justice of the Peace Courts/Mayor's Courts||Creation of the courts|
|Connecticut||Conn. Const., art. V, § 1||Creation of lower courts||
The judicial power of the state shall be vested in a supreme court, a superior court, and such lower courts as the general assembly shall, from time to time, ordain+ See more
and establish. The powers and jurisdiction of these courts shall be defined by law.
|Lower courts||Creation of the courts|
|Iowa||Iowa Const. Art. 5 § 10||General assembly||
+ See more
[* * *]* The general assembly may reorganize the judicial districts and increase or diminish the number of districts, or the number of judges of the said court, and may
increase the number of judges of the supreme court; but such increase or diminution shall not be more than one district, or one judge of either court, at any one session; and no reorganization of the districts, or diminution of the number of judges, shall have the effect of removing a judge from office. Such reorganization of the districts, or any change in the boundaries thereof, or increase or diminution of the number of judges, shall take place every four years thereafter, if necessary, and at no other time.
At any regular session of the general assembly the state may be divided into the necessary judicial districts for district court purposes, or the said districts may be reorganized and the number of the districts and the judges of said courts increased or diminished; but no reorganization of the districts or diminution of the judges shall have the effect of removing a judge from office.
|Judicial districts||Creation of the courts|
|Iowa||Iowa Const. Art. 5 § 1||Judicial Power||
+ See more
The judicial power shall be vested in a supreme court, district courts, and such other courts, inferior to the supreme court, as the general assembly may, from time to time,
|Courts generally||Creation of the courts|
|Maine||Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 421||Establishment||
+ See more
The Judicial Department may establish alcohol and drug treatment programs in the Superior Courts and District Courts and may adopt administrative orders and court rules to govern the practice, procedure
and administration of these programs. Alcohol and drug treatment programs must include local judges and must be community based and operated separately from juvenile drug courts.
|Alcohol and drug treatment court||Creation of the courts|
|Maine||Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 431||Mental health treatment courts||
The Judicial Department may seek and receive grants to establish mental health treatment courts.
|Mental health treatment courts||Creation of the courts|
|Maine||Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 433(2)||Veterans treatment courts||
+ See more
Chief Justice may establish. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court may establish veterans treatment courts for veterans and members of the United States Armed Forces. The Supreme Judicial
Court may adopt administrative orders and court rules of practice and procedure as necessary.
|Veterans treatment courts||Creation of the courts|
|Minnesota||Minn. Const. Art. 6, § 2||Judiciary; Supreme Court||
+ See more
The supreme court consists of one chief judge and not less than six nor more than eight associate judges as the legislature may establish. It shall have original jurisdiction in
such remedial cases as are prescribed by law, and appellate jurisdiction in all cases, but there shall be no trial by jury in the supreme court. The legislature may establish a court of appeals and provide by law for the number of its judges, who shall not be judges of any other court, and its organization and for the review of its decisions by the supreme court. The court of appeals shall have appellate jurisdiction over all courts, except the supreme court, and other appellate jurisdiction as prescribed by law. As provided by law judges of the court of appeals or of the district court may be assigned temporarily to act as judges of the supreme court upon its request and judges of the district court may be assigned temporarily by the supreme court to act as judges of the court of appeals. The supreme court shall appoint to serve at its pleasure a clerk, a reporter, a state law librarian and other necessary employees.
|Supreme Court||Creation of the courts, Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Minnesota||Minn. Const. Art. 6, § 1||Judiciary; Judicial power||
+ See more
The judicial power of the state is vested in a supreme court, a court of appeals, if established by the legislature, a district court and such other courts, judicial officers
and commissioners with jurisdiction inferior to the district court as the legislature may establish.
|Judiciary||Creation of the courts|
|Nebraska||Neb. Const. art. V, § 27||Juvenile courts; authorization||
+ See more
Notwithstanding the provisions of section 9 of this Article, the Legislature may establish courts to be known as juvenile courts, with such jurisdiction and powers as the Legislature may provide.
The term, qualification, compensation, and method of appointment or election of the judges of such courts, and the rules governing proceedings therein, may be fixed by the Legislature. The state shall be divided into juvenile court judicial districts that correspond to district court judicial districts until otherwise provided by law. No such court shall be established or afterwards abolished in any juvenile court judicial district unless approved by a majority of those voting on the issue.
|Juvenile courts located in Douglas, Lancaster, and Sarpy Counties||Creation of the courts|