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Below are all of the laws that govern the structure of courts that match your search criteria.
|State||Statute||Description/Statute Name||Statutory language||Court/legal body||Function|
|Pennsylvania||42 Pa. Stat. and Cons. Stat. Ann. § 1341||Third class city traffic courts authorized||
Any city of the third class may establish by ordinance a traffic court which shall be a court not of record. The court shall be held by such of the+ See more
magisterial district judges of the city as shall be designated by the president judge of the court of common pleas upon petition by the city. If established, the court shall be for the city so establishing it.
|Traffic court||Creation of the courts|
|Arizona||Ariz. Const. art. VI, § 1||Judicial power; courts||
The judicial power shall be vested in an integrated judicial department consisting of a supreme court, such intermediate appellate courts as may be provided by law, a superior court, such+ See more
courts inferior to the superior court as may be provided by law, and justice courts.
|All Courts||Creation of the courts|
|Arizona||Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §12-120||Creation of court of appeals; court of record; composition; sessions||
A. There is created a court of appeals which shall constitute a single court and such court shall be a court of record.B. The court of appeals shall be divided+ See more
into two divisions which shall be designated as division 1 and division 2. Division 1 shall have sixteen judges, consisting of the chief judge and five departments of three judges each, denominated, respectively, department A, department B, department C, department D and department E. Division 2 shall have six judges, consisting of two departments of three judges each, denominated, respectively, department A and department B. C. Division 1 shall consist of the counties of Maricopa, Yuma, La Paz, Mohave, Coconino, Yavapai, Navajo and Apache. D. Division 2 shall consist of the counties of Pima, Pinal, Cochise, Santa Cruz, Greenlee, Graham and Gila. E. The sessions of divisions 1 and 2 shall be held in Phoenix and Tucson, respectively. Sessions may be held at places other than Phoenix or Tucson when in the opinion of a majority of the judges of a division or department the public interest so requires. The judges of the respective divisions and departments may hold sessions in either division and shall do so when directed by the chief justice of the supreme court. Each judge of the court of appeals may participate in matters pending before a different division or department. F. No more than three judges of the court of appeals, including superior court judges and retired judges sitting with the court, shall hear and determine a matter and render a decision, and a majority of two of the three judges shall be sufficient to render a decision.
|Court of Appeals||Creation of the courts|
|Oregon||Or. Rev. Stat. § 1.001||Supreme Court creation||
The Legislative Assembly hereby declares that, as a matter of statewide concern, it is in the best interests of the people of this state that the judicial branch of state+ See more
government, including the appellate, tax and circuit courts, be funded and operated at the state level. The Legislative Assembly finds that state funding and operation of the judicial branch can provide for best statewide allocation of governmental resources according to the actual needs of the people and of the judicial branch by establishing an accountable, equitably funded and uniformly administered system of justice for all the people of this state
|Supreme Court||Creation of the courts|
|Oregon||Or. Rev. Stat. § 2.510||Court of Appeals creation||As part of the judicial branch of state government, there is created a court of justice to be known as the Court of Appeals.||Court of Appeals||Creation of the courts|
|Alaska||Alaska Const. art. IV, § 1||Judicial Power and Jurisdiction||
The judicial power of the State is vested in a supreme court, a superior court, and the courts established by the legislature. The jurisdiction of courts shall be prescribed by+ See more
law. The courts shall constitute a unified judicial system for operation and administration. Judicial districts shall be established by law.
|All Courts||Creation of the courts|
|Alaska||Alaska Stat. Ann. § 22.07.010||Establishment||There is established the court of appeals, consisting of three judges. The court of appeals is a court of record.||Court of Appeals||Creation of the courts|
|Alaska||Alaska Stat. Ann. § 22.10.010||Establishment of Superior Court||
There shall be one superior court for the state. The court shall consist of four districts bounded as follows: First District: the area within election districts numbered one to six,+ See more
both inclusive, as those districts are described in art. XIV of the state constitution on March 19, 1959; Second District: the area within election districts numbered 21 to 23, both inclusive, and those areas of election districts 18 and 20 within the boundaries of the North Slope Borough, as those districts are described in art. XIV of the state constitution on March 19, 1959; Third District: the area within election districts numbered seven to 15, both inclusive, as those districts are described in art. XIV of the state constitution on March 19, 1959, and the portion of election district 19, as that district is described in art. XIV of the state constitution on March 19, 1959, that is in the Glennallen Venue District on March 1, 2002, described as follows: Beginning at a point on the divide between the watersheds of the Tanana River and the Copper River south of the headwaters of Totschunda Creek; thence southwesterly in a straight line first crossing the Nabesna River to Mt. Allen; thence meandering on the divide mountain peak to mountain peak to a point north of Regal Mountain on the divide separating the Nabesna Glacier from the Chisana Glacier; thence westerly and northwesterly along the divide between the watersheds of the Tanana River and Copper River as it meanders from mountain peak to mountain peak back to a point on the divide south of the headwaters of the Totschunda Creek, the place of the beginning; and Fourth District: the area within election districts numbered 16, 17, and 24, the areas of election districts numbered 18 and 20 not included in the second district, and the area of election district numbered 19 not included in the third district, as those districts are described in art. XIV of the state constitution on March 19, 1959.
|Superior Court||Creation of the courts|
|South Carolina||S.C. Code Ann. § 14-29-30||Veterans treatment court programs may be established||
Each circuit solicitor may establish a veterans treatment court program. Each circuit solicitor that accepts state funding for the implementation of a veterans treatment court program must establish and administer+ See more
at least one veterans treatment court program for the circuit within one hundred eighty days of receipt of funding. The circuit solicitor must administer the program and ensure that all eligible persons are permitted to apply for admission to the program.
|Veterans Treatment Court||Creation of the courts|
|South Carolina||S.C. Code Ann. § 14-31-40||Mental health court program may be established||
each circuit solicitor may establish a mental health court program under one of the formats defined in Section 14-31-30. An offender arrested or convicted for any charges, except those excluded+ See more
under the provisions of Section 16-1-130, who are suffering from a diagnosed, or diagnosable mental illness, including those with a co-concurring disorder of substance abuse, may be eligible for referral to a mental health court program. In cases involving victims, proper notice shall be given to victims pursuant to Section 16-3-1525. Proper notice to a victim is not achieved unless reasonable attempts are made to contact the victim and the victim is either nonresponsive or cannot be located after a reasonable search. (b) Each circuit solicitor that accepts state funding for the implementation of a mental health treatment court program must establish and administer at least one mental health court program for the circuit within one hundred eighty days of receipt of funding. The circuit solicitor must administer the program and ensure that all eligible persons are permitted to apply for admission to the program.
|Mental Health Court||Creation of the courts|
|Connecticut||Conn. Const., art. V, § 1||Creation of lower courts||
The judicial power of the state shall be vested in a supreme court, a superior court, and such lower courts as the general assembly shall, from time to time, ordain+ See more
and establish. The powers and jurisdiction of these courts shall be defined by law.
|Lower courts||Creation of the courts|
|Alaska||Alaska Stat. Ann. § 22.15.010||Establishment of the District Court of the State of Alaska||
There is established a district court of the State of Alaska for each of the four judicial districts of the superior court of this state.
|District Court||Creation of the courts|
|Arizona||Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-402||Establishment and jurisdiction||
A. In each city or town incorporated under the general laws of this state, there shall be a municipal court.
|Municipal Courts||Creation of the courts|
|Maine||Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 421||Establishment||
+ See more
The Judicial Department may establish alcohol and drug treatment programs in the Superior Courts and District Courts and may adopt administrative orders and court rules to govern the practice, procedure
and administration of these programs. Alcohol and drug treatment programs must include local judges and must be community based and operated separately from juvenile drug courts.
|Alcohol and drug treatment court||Creation of the courts|
|Maine||Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 431||Mental health treatment courts||
The Judicial Department may seek and receive grants to establish mental health treatment courts.
|Mental health treatment courts||Creation of the courts|
|Maine||Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 433(2)||Veterans treatment courts||
+ See more
Chief Justice may establish. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court may establish veterans treatment courts for veterans and members of the United States Armed Forces. The Supreme Judicial
Court may adopt administrative orders and court rules of practice and procedure as necessary.
|Veterans treatment courts||Creation of the courts|
|Minnesota||Minn. Const. Art. 6, § 2||Judiciary; Supreme Court||
+ See more
The supreme court consists of one chief judge and not less than six nor more than eight associate judges as the legislature may establish. It shall have original jurisdiction in
such remedial cases as are prescribed by law, and appellate jurisdiction in all cases, but there shall be no trial by jury in the supreme court. The legislature may establish a court of appeals and provide by law for the number of its judges, who shall not be judges of any other court, and its organization and for the review of its decisions by the supreme court. The court of appeals shall have appellate jurisdiction over all courts, except the supreme court, and other appellate jurisdiction as prescribed by law. As provided by law judges of the court of appeals or of the district court may be assigned temporarily to act as judges of the supreme court upon its request and judges of the district court may be assigned temporarily by the supreme court to act as judges of the court of appeals. The supreme court shall appoint to serve at its pleasure a clerk, a reporter, a state law librarian and other necessary employees.
|Supreme Court||Creation of the courts, Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Minnesota||Minn. Const. Art. 6, § 1||Judiciary; Judicial power||
+ See more
The judicial power of the state is vested in a supreme court, a court of appeals, if established by the legislature, a district court and such other courts, judicial officers
and commissioners with jurisdiction inferior to the district court as the legislature may establish.
|Judiciary||Creation of the courts|
|Oregon||Or. Rev. Stat. § 305.405||Oregon Tax Court; creation; jurisdiction||
+ See more
As part of the judicial branch of state government, there is created a court of justice to be known as the Oregon Tax Court. The tax court, in cases within
its jurisdiction pursuant to ORS 305.410 (Authority of court in tax cases within its jurisdiction):(1) Is a court of record and of general jurisdiction, not limited, special or inferior jurisdiction. (2) Has the same powers as a circuit court. (3) Has and may exercise all ordinary and extraordinary legal, equitable and provisional remedies available in the circuit courts, as well as such additional remedies as may be assigned to it.
|Tax Court||Creation of the courts, Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Texas||Tex. Const. Art. 5 Sec. 1||Judicial power; courts in which vested||
+ See more
The judicial power of this State shall be vested in one Supreme Court, in one Court of Criminal Appeals, in Courts of Appeals, in District Courts, in County Courts, in
Commissioners Courts, in Courts of Justices of the Peace, and in such other courts as may be provided by law.
The Legislature may establish such other courts as it may deem necessary and prescribe the jurisdiction and organization thereof, and may conform the jurisdiction of the district and other inferior courts thereto.
|State courts||Creation of the courts|