Below are all of the laws that govern the structure of courts that match your search criteria.

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State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Court/legal body Function
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Utah Utah Code Ann. § 78A-3-102 Supreme Court jurisdiction
(1) The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction to answer questions of state law certified by a court of the United States. (2) The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction to issue
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all extraordinary writs and authority to issue all writs and process necessary to carry into effect its orders, judgments, and decrees or in aid of its jurisdiction. (3) The Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction, including jurisdiction of interlocutory appeals, over: (a) a judgment of the Court of Appeals; (b) cases certified to the Supreme Court by the Court of Appeals prior to final judgment by the Court of Appeals; (c) discipline of lawyers; (d) final orders of the Judicial Conduct Commission; (e) final orders and decrees in formal adjudicative proceedings originating with: (i) the Public Service Commission; (ii) the State Tax Commission; (iii) the School and Institutional Trust Lands Board of Trustees; (iv) the Board of Oil, Gas, and Mining; (v) the state engineer; or (vi) the executive director of the Department of Natural Resources reviewing actions of the Division of Forestry, Fire, and State Lands; (f) final orders and decrees of the district court review of informal adjudicative proceedings of agencies under Subsection (3)(e); (g) a final judgment or decree of any court of record holding a statute of the United States or this state unconstitutional on its face under the Constitution of the United States or the Utah Constitution; (h) interlocutory appeals from any court of record involving a charge of a first degree or capital felony; (i) appeals from the district court involving a conviction or charge of a first degree felony or capital felony; (j) orders, judgments, and decrees of any court of record over which the Court of Appeals does not have original appellate jurisdiction; and (k) appeals from the district court of orders, judgments, or decrees ruling on legislative subpoenas.
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Utah Utah Const. art. VIII, § 1 Judicial Power
The judicial power of the state shall be vested in a Supreme Court, in a trial court of general jurisdiction known as the district court, and in such other courts
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as the Legislature by statute may establish. The Supreme Court, the district court, and such other courts designated by statute shall be courts of record...The Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction to issue all extraordinary writs and to answer questions of state law certified by a court of the United States.
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Utah Utah Const. art. VIII, § 3 Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
The Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction to issue all extraordinary writs and to answer questions of state law certified by a court of the United States. The Supreme Court
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shall have appellate jurisdiction over all other matters to be exercised as provided by statute, and power to issue all writs and orders necessary for the exercise of the Supreme Court's jurisdiction or the complete determination of any cause.
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Utah Utah Const. art. VIII, §§ 1,5 Jurisdiction of District Court
The district court shall have original jurisdiction in all matters except as limited by this constitution or by statute, and power to issue all extraordinary writs. The district court shall
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have appellate jurisdiction as provided by statute. The jurisdiction of all other courts, both original and appellate, shall be provided by statute.
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Utah Utah Const. art. VIII, § 1 Judicial Power
Courts not of record shall also be established by statute...Municipalities or counties of the first or second class may create a justice court by filing a written declaration with the
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Judicial Council on or before July 1 at least two years prior to the effective date of the election. Upon demonstration of compliance with operating standards as established by statute and the Judicial Council, the Judicial Council shall certify the creation of the court...(1) Justice courts have jurisdiction over class B and C misdemeanors, violation of ordinances, and infractions committed within their territorial jurisdiction by a person 18 years of age or older.
Creation of the courts
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Utah Utah Code Ann. § 78-5-104 Jurisdiction
(2) Except those offenses over which the juvenile court has exclusive jurisdiction, justice courts have jurisdiction over the following offenses committed within their territorial jurisdiction by a person who is
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16 or 17 years of age: (a) class C misdemeanor and infraction violations of Title 53, Chapter 3, Part 2, Driver Licensing Act; and (b) class B and C misdemeanor and infraction violations of: (i) Title 23, Wildlife Resources Code of Utah; (ii) Title 41, Chapter 1a, Motor Vehicle Act; (iii) Title 41, Chapter 6a, Traffic Code; (iv) Title 41, Chapter 12a, Financial Responsibility of Motor Vehicle Owners and Operators Act; (v) Title 41, Chapter 22, Off-Highway Vehicles; (vi) Title 73, Chapter 18, State Boating Act; (vii) Title 73, Chapter 18a, Boating--Litter and Pollution Control; (viii) Title 73, Chapter 18b, Water Safety; and (ix) Title 73, Chapter 18c, Financial Responsibility of Motorboat Owners and Operators Act.
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Utah Utah Code Ann. § 78A-5-102 Jurisdiction--Appeals
The district court has original jurisdiction in all matters civil and criminal, not excepted in the Utah Constitution and not prohibited by law. . . the district court has jurisdiction
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over matters of lawyer discipline consistent with the rules of the Supreme Court. The district court has jurisdiction over all matters properly filed in the circuit court prior to July 1, 1996. The district court has appellate jurisdiction over judgments and orders of the justice court as outlined in Section 78A-7-118 and small claims appeals filed pursuant to Section 78A-8-106. . . . Notwithstanding Subsection (1), the district court has subject matter jurisdiction in class B misdemeanors, class C misdemeanors, infractions, and violations of ordinances only if: (a) there is no justice court with territorial jurisdiction; (b) the offense occurred within the boundaries of the municipality in which the district courthouse is located and that municipality has not formed, or has not formed and then dissolved, a justice court; or (c) they are included in an indictment or information covering a single criminal episode alleging the commission of a felony or a class A misdemeanor.
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Utah Utah Code Ann. § 78A-5-201  Creation and expansion of existing drug court programs
(1) There may be created a drug court program in any judicial district that demonstrates: (a) the need for a drug court program; and (b) the existence of a collaborative
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strategy between the court, prosecutors, defense counsel, corrections, and substance abuse treatment services to reduce substance abuse by offenders.
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Utah Utah Code Ann. § 78A-5-301 Creation of a veterans court program
(1) The Judicial Council may create a veterans court program in any judicial district or geographic region that demonstrates: (a) the need for a veterans court program; and (b) the
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existence of a collaborative strategy between the court, prosecutors, defense counsel, corrections, substance abuse treatment services, and the United States Department of Veterans Affairs Veterans Justice Outreach Program to divert veteran offenders.
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Utah Utah Code Ann. § 78A-6-103 Jurisdiction of juvenile court
(1) Except as otherwise provided by law, the juvenile court has exclusive original jurisdiction in proceedings concerning: (a) a child who has violated any federal, state, or local law or
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municipal ordinance or a person younger than 21 years of age who has violated any law or ordinance before becoming 18 years of age, regardless of where the violation occurred, excluding offenses in Subsection 78A-7-106(2); (b) a person 21 years of age or older who has failed or refused to comply with an order of the juvenile court to pay a fine or restitution, if the order was imposed before the person's 21st birthday; however, the continuing jurisdiction is limited to causing compliance with existing orders; (c) a child who is an abused child, neglected child, or dependent child, as those terms are defined in Section 78A-6-105; (d) a protective order for a child pursuant to the provisions of Title 78B, Chapter 7, Part 2, Child Protective Orders, which the juvenile court may transfer to the district court if the juvenile court has entered an ex parte protective order and finds that: (i) the petitioner and the respondent are the natural parent, adoptive parent, or step parent of the child who is the object of the petition; (ii) the district court has a petition pending or an order related to custody or parent-time entered under Title 30, Chapter 3, Divorce, Title 78B, Chapter 7, Part 1, Cohabitant Abuse Act, or Title 78B, Chapter 15, Utah Uniform Parentage Act, in which the petitioner and the respondent are parties; and (iii) the best interests of the child will be better served in the district court; (e) appointment of a guardian of the person or other guardian of a minor who comes within the court's jurisdiction under other provisions of this section; (f) the emancipation of a minor in accordance with Part 8, Emancipation; (g) the termination of the legal parent-child relationship in accordance with Part 5, Termination of Parental Rights Act, including termination of residual parental rights and duties; (h) the treatment or commitment of a minor who has an intellectual disability; (i) a minor who is a habitual truant from school.
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Utah Utah Code Ann. § 78A-7-101 Creation of justice court--Not of record Under Article VIII, Section 1, Utah Constitution, there is created a court not of record known as the justice court. The judges of this court are justice court judges. Creation of the courts
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Washington Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 2.04.010 Jurisdiction

The supreme court shall have original jurisdiction in habeas corpus and quo warrantor and mandamus as to all state officers, and appellate jurisdiction in all actions and proceedings excepting that

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its appellate jurisdiction shall not extend to civil actions at law for the recovery of money or personal property when the original amount in controversy or the value of the property does not exceed the sum of two hundred dollars, unless the action involves the legality of a tax, impost, assessment, toll, municipal fine, or the validity of a statute. The supreme court shall also have power to issue writs of mandamus, review, prohibition, habeas corpus, certiorari, and all other writs necessary and proper to the complete exercise of its appellate and revisory jurisdiction. Each of the judges shall have power to issue writs of habeas corpus to any part of the state, upon petition by or on behalf of any person held in actual custody, and may make such writs returnable before himself or herself, or before the supreme court, or before any superior court of the state, or any judge thereof.

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Washington Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 2.06.030 General powers and authority--Transfers of cases--Appellate jurisdiction, exceptions--Appeals

Subject to the provisions of this section, the court shall have exclusive appellate jurisdiction in all cases except:(a) cases of quo warrantor, prohibition, injunction or mandamus directed to state officials;

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(b) criminal cases where the death penalty has been decreed; (c) cases where the validity of all or any portion of a statute, ordinance, tax, impost, assessment or toll is drawn into question on the grounds of repugnancy to the Constitution of the United States or of the state of Washington, or to a statute or treaty of the United States, and the superior court has held against its validity; (d) cases involving fundamental and urgent issues of broad public import requiring prompt and ultimate determination; and (e) cases involving substantive issues on which there is a direct conflict among prevailing decisions of panels of the court or between decisions of the supreme court;

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Washington Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 2.08.010 Original jurisdiction

The superior court shall have original jurisdiction in all cases in equity, and in all cases at law which involve the title or possession of real property, or the legality

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of any tax, impost, assessment, toll or municipal fine, and in all other cases in which the demand or the value of the property in controversy amounts to three hundred dollars, and in all criminal cases amounting to felony, and in all cases of misdemeanor not otherwise provided for by law; of actions of forcible entry and detainer; of proceedings in insolvency; of actions to prevent or abate a nuisance; of all matters of probate, of divorce and for annulment of marriage, and for such special cases and proceedings as are not otherwise provided for; and shall also have original jurisdiction in all cases and of all proceedings in which jurisdiction shall not have been by law vested exclusively in some other court, and shall have the power of naturalization and to issue papers therefor. Said courts and their judges shall have power to issue writs of mandamus, quo warrantor, review, certiorari, prohibition and writs of habeas corpus on petition by or on behalf of any person in actual custody in their respective counties. Injunctions and writs of prohibition and of habeas corpus may be issued on legal holidays and nonjudicial days.

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Washington Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 2.08.020 Appellate jurisdiction

The superior courts shall have such appellate jurisdiction in cases arising in courts of limited jurisdiction in their respective counties as may be prescribed by law.

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Washington Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 2.30.010(1) Findings--Scope of therapeutic court programs

The legislature finds that judges in the trial courts throughout the state effectively utilize what are known as therapeutic courts to remove a defendant's or respondent's case from the criminal

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and civil court traditional trial track and allow those defendants or respondents the opportunity to obtain treatment services to address particular issues that may have contributed to the conduct that led to their arrest or other issues before the court. Trial courts have proved adept at creative approaches in fashioning a wide variety of therapeutic courts addressing the spectrum of social issues that can contribute to criminal activity and engagement with the child welfare system.

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Washington Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 3.66.060 Criminal jurisdiction

The district court shall have jurisdiction: (1) Concurrent with the superior court of all misdemeanors and gross misdemeanors committed in their respective counties and of all violations of city ordinances.

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It shall in no event impose a greater punishment than a fine of five thousand dollars, or imprisonment for one year in the county or city jail as the case may be, or both such fine and imprisonment, unless otherwise expressly provided by statute. It may suspend and revoke vehicle operators' licenses in the cases provided by law; (2) to sit as a committing magistrate and conduct preliminary hearings in cases provided by law; (3) concurrent with the superior court of a proceeding to keep the peace in their respective counties; (4) concurrent with the superior court of all violations under Title 77 RCW; (5) to hear and determine traffic infractions under chapter 46.63 RCW; and (6) to take recognizance, approve bail, and arraign defendants held within its jurisdiction on warrants issued by other courts of limited jurisdiction when those courts are participating in the program established under RCW 2.56.160.

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Washington Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 3.50.010 Municipal court authorized in cities of four hundred thousand or less

Any city or town with a population of four hundred thousand or less may by ordinance provide for an inferior court to be known and designated as a municipal court,

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which shall be entitled “The Municipal Court of .......... (insert name of city or town)”, hereinafter designated and referred to as “municipal court”, which court shall have jurisdiction and shall exercise all powers by this chapter declared to be vested in the municipal court, together with such other powers and jurisdiction as are generally conferred upon such court in this state either by common law or by express statute.

Creation of the courts, Jurisdiction of the courts
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Washington Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 3.50.020 Jurisdiction

The municipal court shall have exclusive original jurisdiction over traffic infractions arising under city ordinances and exclusive original criminal jurisdiction of all violations of city ordinances duly adopted by the

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city and shall have original jurisdiction of all other actions brought to enforce or recover license penalties or forfeitures declared or given by such ordinances or by state statutes. A hosting jurisdiction shall have exclusive original criminal and other jurisdiction as described in this section for all matters filed by a contracting city. The municipal court shall also have the jurisdiction as conferred by statute. The municipal court is empowered to forfeit cash bail or bail bonds and issue execution thereon; and in general to hear and determine all causes, civil or criminal, including traffic infractions, arising under such ordinances and to pronounce judgment in accordance therewith. A municipal court participating in the program established by the administrative office of the courts pursuant to RCW 2.56.160 shall have jurisdiction to take recognizance, approve bail, and arraign defendants held within its jurisdiction on warrants issued by any court of limited jurisdiction participating in the program.

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Washington Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 2.06.010 Court of appeals established--Definitions

There is hereby established a court of appeals as a court of record. 

Creation of the courts