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|State||Statute||Description/Statute Name||Statutory language||Court/legal body||Function|
|Washington||Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 2.04.010||Jurisdiction||
The supreme court shall have original jurisdiction in habeas corpus and quo warrantor and mandamus as to all state officers, and appellate jurisdiction in all actions and proceedings excepting that+ See more
its appellate jurisdiction shall not extend to civil actions at law for the recovery of money or personal property when the original amount in controversy or the value of the property does not exceed the sum of two hundred dollars, unless the action involves the legality of a tax, impost, assessment, toll, municipal fine, or the validity of a statute. The supreme court shall also have power to issue writs of mandamus, review, prohibition, habeas corpus, certiorari, and all other writs necessary and proper to the complete exercise of its appellate and revisory jurisdiction. Each of the judges shall have power to issue writs of habeas corpus to any part of the state, upon petition by or on behalf of any person held in actual custody, and may make such writs returnable before himself or herself, or before the supreme court, or before any superior court of the state, or any judge thereof.
|Supreme Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Washington||Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 2.06.030||General powers and authority--Transfers of cases--Appellate jurisdiction, exceptions--Appeals||
Subject to the provisions of this section, the court shall have exclusive appellate jurisdiction in all cases except:(a) cases of quo warrantor, prohibition, injunction or mandamus directed to state officials; (b)+ See more
criminal cases where the death penalty has been decreed; (c) cases where the validity of all or any portion of a statute, ordinance, tax, impost, assessment or toll is drawn into question on the grounds of repugnancy to the Constitution of the United States or of the state of Washington, or to a statute or treaty of the United States, and the superior court has held against its validity; (d) cases involving fundamental and urgent issues of broad public import requiring prompt and ultimate determination; and (e) cases involving substantive issues on which there is a direct conflict among prevailing decisions of panels of the court or between decisions of the supreme court;
|Court of appeals||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Washington||Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 2.08.010||Original jurisdiction||
The superior court shall have original jurisdiction in all cases in equity, and in all cases at law which involve the title or possession of real property, or the legality+ See more
of any tax, impost, assessment, toll or municipal fine, and in all other cases in which the demand or the value of the property in controversy amounts to three hundred dollars, and in all criminal cases amounting to felony, and in all cases of misdemeanor not otherwise provided for by law; of actions of forcible entry and detainer; of proceedings in insolvency; of actions to prevent or abate a nuisance; of all matters of probate, of divorce and for annulment of marriage, and for such special cases and proceedings as are not otherwise provided for; and shall also have original jurisdiction in all cases and of all proceedings in which jurisdiction shall not have been by law vested exclusively in some other court, and shall have the power of naturalization and to issue papers therefor. Said courts and their judges shall have power to issue writs of mandamus, quo warrantor, review, certiorari, prohibition and writs of habeas corpus on petition by or on behalf of any person in actual custody in their respective counties. Injunctions and writs of prohibition and of habeas corpus may be issued on legal holidays and nonjudicial days.
|Superior Courts||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Washington||Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 2.08.020||Appellate jurisdiction||The superior courts shall have such appellate jurisdiction in cases arising in courts of limited jurisdiction in their respective counties as may be prescribed by law.||Superior Courts appellate jurisdiction||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Washington||Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 2.30.010(1)||Findings--Scope of therapeutic court programs||
The legislature finds that judges in the trial courts throughout the state effectively utilize what are known as therapeutic courts to remove a defendant's or respondent's case from the criminal+ See more
and civil court traditional trial track and allow those defendants or respondents the opportunity to obtain treatment services to address particular issues that may have contributed to the conduct that led to their arrest or other issues before the court. Trial courts have proved adept at creative approaches in fashioning a wide variety of therapeutic courts addressing the spectrum of social issues that can contribute to criminal activity and engagement with the child welfare system.
|Therapeutic Courts||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Washington||Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 3.66.020||Civil jurisdiction||
If, for each claimant, the value of the claim or the amount at issue does not exceed one hundred thousand dollars, exclusive of interest, costs, and attorneys' fees, the district+ See more
court shall have jurisdiction and cognizance of the following civil actions and proceedings:(1) Actions arising on contract for the recovery of money; (2) Actions for damages for injuries to the person, or for taking or detaining personal property, or for injuring personal property, or for an injury to real property when no issue raised by the answer involves the plaintiff's title to or possession of the same and actions to recover the possession of personal property; (3) Actions for a penalty; (4) Actions upon a bond conditioned for the payment of money, when the amount claimed does not exceed fifty thousand dollars, though the penalty of the bond exceeds that sum, the judgment to be given for the sum actually due, not exceeding the amount claimed in the complaint; (5) Actions on an undertaking or surety bond taken by the court; (6) Actions for damages for fraud in the sale, purchase, or exchange of personal property; (7) Proceedings to take and enter judgment on confession of a defendant; (8) Proceedings to issue writs of attachment, garnishment and replevin upon goods, chattels, moneys, and effects; (9) Actions arising under the provisions of chapter 19.190 RCW; (10) Proceedings to civilly enforce any money judgment entered in any municipal court or municipal department of a district court organized under the laws of this state; and (11) All other actions and proceedings of which jurisdiction is specially conferred by statute, when the title to, or right of possession of, real property is not involved.
|District Courts (Civil Jurisdiction)||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Washington||Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 3.66.060||Criminal jurisdiction||
The district court shall have jurisdiction: (1) Concurrent with the superior court of all misdemeanors and gross misdemeanors committed in their respective counties and of all violations of city ordinances.+ See more
It shall in no event impose a greater punishment than a fine of five thousand dollars, or imprisonment for one year in the county or city jail as the case may be, or both such fine and imprisonment, unless otherwise expressly provided by statute. It may suspend and revoke vehicle operators' licenses in the cases provided by law; (2) to sit as a committing magistrate and conduct preliminary hearings in cases provided by law; (3) concurrent with the superior court of a proceeding to keep the peace in their respective counties; (4) concurrent with the superior court of all violations under Title 77 RCW; (5) to hear and determine traffic infractions under chapter 46.63 RCW; and (6) to take recognizance, approve bail, and arraign defendants held within its jurisdiction on warrants issued by other courts of limited jurisdiction when those courts are participating in the program established under RCW 2.56.160.
|District Courts (Criminal Jurisdiction)||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Washington||Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 3.72.010(1)||Youth court creation--Jurisdiction||
The youth court shall have jurisdiction over traffic infractions alleged to have been committed by juveniles age sixteen or seventeen. The court may refer a juvenile to the youth court+ See more
upon request of any party or upon its own motion. However, a juvenile shall not be required under this section to have his or her traffic infraction referred to or disposed of by a youth court.
|Youth Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|
|Washington||Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 3.72.010(1)||Youth court creation--Jurisdiction||(1) A court created under chapter 3.30, 3.46, 3.50, or 35.20 RCW may create a youth court||Youth Court||Creation of the courts|
|Washington||Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 3.50.010||Municipal court authorized in cities of four hundred thousand or less||
Any city or town with a population of four hundred thousand or less may by ordinance provide for an inferior court to be known and designated as a municipal court,+ See more
which shall be entitled The Municipal Court of .......... (insert name of city or town), hereinafter designated and referred to as municipal court, which court shall have jurisdiction and shall exercise all powers by this chapter declared to be vested in the municipal court, together with such other powers and jurisdiction as are generally conferred upon such court in this state either by common law or by express statute.
|Municipal Court||Jurisdiction of the courts|