Below are all of the laws that govern the structure of courts that match your search criteria.

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Arizona Ariz. Const. art. VI, § 5 Supreme court; jurisdiction; writs; rules; habeas corpus
The supreme court shall have:1. Original jurisdiction of habeas corpus, and quo warranto, mandamus, injunction and other extraordinary writs to state officers. 2. Original and exclusive jurisdiction to hear and determine
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causes between counties concerning disputed boundaries and surveys thereof or concerning claims of one county against another. 3. Appellate jurisdiction in all actions and proceedings except civil and criminal actions originating in courts not of record, unless the action involves the validity of a tax, impost, assessment, toll, statute or municipal ordinance. 4. Power to issue injunctions and writs of mandamus, review, prohibition, habeas corpus, certiorari, and all other writs necessary and proper to the complete exercise of its appellate and revisory jurisdiction. 5. Power to make rules relative to all procedural matters in any court. 6. Such other jurisdiction as may be provided by law. Each justice of the supreme court may issue writs of habeas corpus to any part of the state upon petition by or on behalf of a person held in actual custody, and may make such writs returnable before himself, the supreme court, appellate court or superior court, or judge thereof.
Jurisdiction of the courts
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Arizona Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §12-120.21 Jurisdiction and venue
A. The court of appeals shall have:1. Appellate jurisdiction in all actions and proceedings originating in or permitted by law to be appealed from the superior court, except criminal actions
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involving crimes for which a sentence of death has actually been imposed. 2. Jurisdiction to issue writs of certiorari to review the lawfulness of awards of the industrial commission and to enter judgment affirming or setting aside the awards. 3. Jurisdiction to issue injunctions and other writs and orders necessary and proper to the complete exercise of its appellate jurisdiction. 4. Jurisdiction to hear and determine petitions for special actions brought pursuant to the rules of procedure for special actions, without regard to its appellate jurisdiction. B. A case or appeal of which the court of appeals has jurisdiction in an action or proceeding originating in or permitted by law to be appealed from the superior court in a county shall be brought or filed in the division which contains that county. An application for a writ of certiorari to review the lawfulness of an award of the industrial commission shall be brought in division 1.
Jurisdiction of the courts
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Arizona Ariz. Const. art. VI, § 14 Superior court; original jurisdiction
The superior court shall have original jurisdiction of:1. Cases and proceedings in which exclusive jurisdiction is not vested by law in another court. 2. Cases of equity and at law which
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involve the title to or possession of real property, or the legality of any tax, impost, assessment, toll or municipal ordinance. 3. Other cases in which the demand or value of property in controversy amounts to one thousand dollars or more, exclusive of interest and costs. 4. Criminal cases amounting to felony, and cases of misdemeanor not otherwise provided for by law. 5. Actions of forcible entry and detainer. 6. Proceedings in insolvency. 7. Actions to prevent or abate nuisance. 8. Matters of probate. 9. Divorce and for annulment of marriage. 10. Naturalization and the issuance of papers therefor. 11. Special cases and proceedings not otherwise provided for, and such other jurisdiction as may be provided by law.
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Arizona Ariz. Const. art. VI, § 15 Jurisdiction and authority in juvenile proceedings
The jurisdiction and authority of the courts of this state in all proceedings and matters affecting juveniles shall be as provided by the legislature or the people by initiative or
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referendum.
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Arizona Ariz. Const. art. VI, § 16 Superior court; appellate jurisdiction The superior court shall have appellate jurisdiction in cases arising in justice and other courts inferior to the superior court as may be provided by law. Jurisdiction of the courts
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Arizona Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-201 Jurisdiction of civil actions
A. Justices of the peace have jurisdiction only as affirmatively conferred on them by law.B. Justices of the peace have exclusive original jurisdiction of all civil actions when the amount
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involved, exclusive of interest, costs and awarded attorney fees when authorized by law, is ten thousand dollars or less. C. Justices of the peace have jurisdiction concurrent with the superior court in cases of forcible entry and detainer when the amount involved, exclusive of interest, costs and awarded attorney fees when authorized by law, is ten thousand dollars or less. D. Justices of the peace have jurisdiction to try the right to possession of real property when title or ownership is not a subject of inquiry in the action. If in any such action the title or ownership of real property becomes an issue, the justice shall so certify in the court record, at once stop further proceedings in the action and forward all papers, together with a certified copy of the court record in the action, to the superior court, where the action shall be docketed and determined as though originally brought in the superior court. E. In a county with a population of more than two million persons, the justice of the peace of each justice precinct shall have original jurisdiction to hear the following actions that occur in the respective precinct in which the justice of the peace is elected: 1. Civil actions pursuant to subsections B and C of this section. 2. Small claims pursuant to chapter 5 of this title.1 3. Civil traffic offenses unless a civil traffic offense is filed in a municipal court by a municipal officer or agent or by an officer employed by a law enforcement agency under contract to that municipality to provide law enforcement services. 4. Special detainers and forcible detainers pursuant to title 33, chapters 11 and 192 and forcible detainers pursuant to title 33, chapter 33 if the amount of rent requested is ten thousand dollars or less. F. In actions between landlord and tenant for possession of leased premises, the title to the property leased shall not be raised nor made an issue. G. If in any action before a justice of the peace a party files a verified pleading that states as a counterclaim a claim in which the amount involved, exclusive of interest and costs, is more than ten thousand dollars, the justice of the peace shall certify this in the court record, at once stop further proceedings in the action and forward all papers, together with a certified copy of the court record in the action, to the superior court, where the action shall be docketed and determined as though originally brought in the superior court. The party shall pay to the clerk of the superior court the same fees required to be paid by a defendant, and no other party in the action before the justice of the peace shall be required to pay any sum. If the party is finally adjudged to be entitled to recover on the counterclaim, exclusive of interest and costs, ten thousand dollars or less, the superior court may deny costs to the party and, in addition, may impose costs, including reasonable attorney fees, on the party. The superior court shall have original jurisdiction of the action, but at any time in furtherance of convenience or to avoid prejudice, or if it appears that the amount involved in the counterclaim, exclusive of interest and costs, is ten thousand dollars or less, it may remand the action, or any claim or counterclaim of which the justice court has jurisdiction, to the justice court and may order costs. H. The justice of the peace may require arbitration or other dispute resolution methods that are approved by the supreme court in all civil actions except eviction actions.
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Arizona Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-301 Jurisdiction of criminal actions
A. The justice courts shall have jurisdiction of the following offenses committed within their respective precincts: 1. Misdemeanors and criminal offenses punishable by a fine not exceeding two thousand five
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hundred dollars, or imprisonment in the county jail for not to exceed six months, or by both a fine and imprisonment. Any penalty or other added assessments levied shall not be considered as part of the fine for purposes of determining jurisdiction. The amount of restitution, time payment fees or incarceration costs shall not be considered as part of the fine for purposes of determining jurisdiction. 2. Felonies, but only for the purpose of commencing action and conducting proceedings through preliminary examinations and holding the defendant to answer to the superior court or to discharge the defendant if it appears that there is not probable cause to believe the defendant is guilty of an offense. B. In a county with a population of more than two million persons, the justice of the peace of each justice precinct shall have original jurisdiction to hear misdemeanor offenses as set forth in subsection A, paragraph 1 of this section that occur within the respective precinct in which the justice of the peace is elected unless either of the following applies: 1. The offense is filed by a municipal officer or agent in a municipal court. 2. The offense is consolidated with a felony offense in the complaint, information or indictment. C. For the purposes of subsection A or B of this section, an offense is committed within the precinct of a justice court if conduct constituting any element of the offense or a result of such conduct occurs either: 1. Within the precinct. 2. Within a county park that includes a body of water located in two counties if one county has a population of more than three million persons and one county has a population of more than two hundred thousand persons but less than three hundred thousand persons and the precinct includes some part of the county park.
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Arizona Ariz. Const. art. VI, § 1 Judicial power; courts
The judicial power shall be vested in an integrated judicial department consisting of a supreme court, such intermediate appellate courts as may be provided by law, a superior court, such
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courts inferior to the superior court as may be provided by law, and justice courts.
Creation of the courts
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Arizona Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §12-120 Creation of court of appeals; court of record; composition; sessions
A. There is created a court of appeals which shall constitute a single court and such court shall be a court of record.B. The court of appeals shall be divided
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into two divisions which shall be designated as division 1 and division 2. Division 1 shall have sixteen judges, consisting of the chief judge and five departments of three judges each, denominated, respectively, department A, department B, department C, department D and department E. Division 2 shall have six judges, consisting of two departments of three judges each, denominated, respectively, department A and department B. C. Division 1 shall consist of the counties of Maricopa, Yuma, La Paz, Mohave, Coconino, Yavapai, Navajo and Apache. D. Division 2 shall consist of the counties of Pima, Pinal, Cochise, Santa Cruz, Greenlee, Graham and Gila. E. The sessions of divisions 1 and 2 shall be held in Phoenix and Tucson, respectively. Sessions may be held at places other than Phoenix or Tucson when in the opinion of a majority of the judges of a division or department the public interest so requires. The judges of the respective divisions and departments may hold sessions in either division and shall do so when directed by the chief justice of the supreme court. Each judge of the court of appeals may participate in matters pending before a different division or department. F. No more than three judges of the court of appeals, including superior court judges and retired judges sitting with the court, shall hear and determine a matter and render a decision, and a majority of two of the three judges shall be sufficient to render a decision.
Creation of the courts
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Oregon Or. Rev. Stat. § 1.002 Supreme Court jurisdiction
The Supreme Court is the highest judicial tribunal of the judicial department of government in this state. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is the presiding judge of the
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court and the administrative head of the judicial department of government in this state.
Jurisdiction of the courts
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Oregon Or. Rev. Stat. § 2.516 Court of Appeals jurisdiction
Except where original jurisdiction is conferred on the Supreme Court by the Oregon Constitution or by statute and except as provided in ORS 19.405 (Certification of appeal to Supreme Court)
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and 138.255 (Court of Appeals certification of appeal to Supreme Court in lieu of disposition), the Court of Appeals shall have exclusive jurisdiction of all appeals.
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Oregon Or. Rev. Stat. § 3.012 Circuit Courts jurisdiction The judicial districts, the counties constituting the judicial districts and the number of circuit court judges for each judicial district are as follows:… Jurisdiction of the courts
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Oregon Or. Rev. Stat. § 3.255(2) Family Court jurisdiction The judges of the circuit court need adequate court services to assist them in exercising jurisdiction over the family and family-related matters Jurisdiction of the courts
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Oregon Or. Rev. Stat. § 3.260 Juvenille Court jurisdiction The circuit courts and the judges thereof shall exercise all juvenile court jurisdiction, authority, powers, functions and duties. Jurisdiction of the courts
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Oregon Or. Rev. Stat. § 5.010 County Court jurisdiction The county court is held by the county judge, except when county business is being transacted therein. Jurisdiction of the courts
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Oregon Or. Rev. Stat. § 1.001 Supreme Court creation
The Legislative Assembly hereby declares that, as a matter of statewide concern, it is in the best interests of the people of this state that the judicial branch of state
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government, including the appellate, tax and circuit courts, be funded and operated at the state level. The Legislative Assembly finds that state funding and operation of the judicial branch can provide for best statewide allocation of governmental resources according to the actual needs of the people and of the judicial branch by establishing an accountable, equitably funded and uniformly administered system of justice for all the people of this state
Creation of the courts
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Oregon Or. Rev. Stat. § 2.510 Court of Appeals creation As part of the judicial branch of state government, there is created a court of justice to be known as the Court of Appeals. Creation of the courts
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Alaska Alaska Const. art. IV, § 1 Judicial Power and Jurisdiction
The judicial power of the State is vested in a supreme court, a superior court, and the courts established by the legislature. The jurisdiction of courts shall be prescribed by
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law. The courts shall constitute a unified judicial system for operation and administration. Judicial districts shall be established by law.
Creation of the courts
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Alaska Alaska Stat. Ann. § 22.07.010 Establishment There is established the court of appeals, consisting of three judges. The court of appeals is a court of record. Creation of the courts
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Alaska Alaska Stat. Ann. § 22.10.010 Establishment of Superior Court
There shall be one superior court for the state. The court shall consist of four districts bounded as follows: First District: the area within election districts numbered one to six,
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both inclusive, as those districts are described in art. XIV of the state constitution on March 19, 1959; Second District: the area within election districts numbered 21 to 23, both inclusive, and those areas of election districts 18 and 20 within the boundaries of the North Slope Borough, as those districts are described in art. XIV of the state constitution on March 19, 1959; Third District: the area within election districts numbered seven to 15, both inclusive, as those districts are described in art. XIV of the state constitution on March 19, 1959, and the portion of election district 19, as that district is described in art. XIV of the state constitution on March 19, 1959, that is in the Glennallen Venue District on March 1, 2002, described as follows: Beginning at a point on the divide between the watersheds of the Tanana River and the Copper River south of the headwaters of Totschunda Creek; thence southwesterly in a straight line first crossing the Nabesna River to Mt. Allen; thence meandering on the divide mountain peak to mountain peak to a point north of Regal Mountain on the divide separating the Nabesna Glacier from the Chisana Glacier; thence westerly and northwesterly along the divide between the watersheds of the Tanana River and Copper River as it meanders from mountain peak to mountain peak back to a point on the divide south of the headwaters of the Totschunda Creek, the place of the beginning; and Fourth District: the area within election districts numbered 16, 17, and 24, the areas of election districts numbered 18 and 20 not included in the second district, and the area of election district numbered 19 not included in the third district, as those districts are described in art. XIV of the state constitution on March 19, 1959.
Creation of the courts