Below are all of the laws that govern the structure of courts that match your search criteria.

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State Statute Description/Statute Name Statutory language Court/legal body Function
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Indiana IN Const. Art. 7, § 1 Judicial power The judicial power of the State shall be vested in one Supreme Court, one Court of Appeals, Circuit Courts, and such other courts as the General Assembly may establish. Creation of the courts
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Indiana IN Const. Art. 7, § 2 Supreme Court
The Supreme Court shall consist of the Chief Justice of the State and not less than four nor more than eight associate justices; a majority of whom shall form a
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quorum. The court may appoint such personnel as may be necessary.
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Indiana IN Const. Art. 7, § 4 Jurisdiction of Supreme Court
The Supreme Court shall have no original jurisdiction except in admission to the practice of law; discipline or disbarment of those admitted; the unauthorized practice of law; discipline, removal, and
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retirement of justices and judges; supervision of the exercise of jurisdiction by the other courts of the State; and issuance of writs necessary or appropriate in aid of its jurisdiction. The Supreme Court shall exercise appellate jurisdiction under such terms and conditions as specified by rules except that appeals from a judgment imposing a sentence of death shall be taken directly to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall have, in all appeals of criminal cases, the power to review all questions of law and to review and revise the sentence imposed.
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Indiana IN Const. Art. 7, § 5 Court of Appeals
The Court of Appeals shall consist of as many geographic districts and sit at such locations as the General Assembly shall determine to be necessary. Each geographic district of the
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Court shall consist of three judges. The judges of each geographic district shall appoint such personnel as the General Assembly may provide by law.
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Indiana IN Const. Art. 7, § 6 Jurisdiction of Court of Appeals
The Court shall have no original jurisdiction, except that it may be authorized by rules of the Supreme Court to review directly decisions of administrative agencies. In all other cases,
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it shall exercise appellate jurisdiction under such terms and conditions as the Supreme Court shall specify by rules which shall, however, provide in all cases an absolute right to one appeal and to the extent provided by rule, review and revision of sentences for defendants in all criminal cases.
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Indiana IN Const. Art. 7, § 7 Judicial circuits
The State shall, from time to time, be divided into judicial circuits; and a Judge for each circuit shall be elected by the voters thereof. He shall reside within the
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circuit and shall have been duly admitted to practice law by the Supreme Court of Indiana; he shall hold his office for the term of six years, if he so long behaves well.
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Indiana IN Const. Art. 7, § 8 Circuit courts The Circuit Courts shall have such civil and criminal jurisdiction as may be prescribed by law. Jurisdiction of the courts
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-24-1-2 Jurisdiction (Supreme Court)
(a) The supreme court has jurisdiction in appeals coextensive with the state and has jurisdiction as provided by the Constitution of the State of Indiana.(b) The supreme court has exclusive
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jurisdiction to: (1) admit attorneys to practice law in all courts of the state; and (2) issue restraining orders and injunctions in all cases involving the unauthorized practice of the law; under rules and regulations as the supreme court may prescribe.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-26-3-1 Limited jurisdiction (Tax Court)
The tax court is a court of limited jurisdiction. The tax court has exclusive jurisdiction over any case that arises under the tax laws of Indiana and that is an
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initial appeal of a final determination made by:(1) the department of state revenue with respect to a listed tax (as defined in Ind. Code § 6-8.1-1-1); or (2) the Indiana board of tax review.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-28-1-2 Jurisdiction (Circuit Courts)
(a) All circuit courts have:(1) original and concurrent jurisdiction in all civil cases and in all criminal cases; (2) de novo appellate jurisdiction of appeals from city and town courts; and (3)
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in Marion County, de novo appellate jurisdiction of appeals from township small claims courts established under Ind. Code § 33-34. (b) The circuit court also has the appellate jurisdiction that may be conferred by law upon it.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-29-1-1.5 Jurisdiction (Superior Courts)
All standard superior courts have:(1) original and concurrent jurisdiction in all civil cases and in all criminal cases; (2) de novo appellate jurisdiction of appeals from city and town courts; and (3)
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in Marion County, de novo appellate jurisdiction of appeals from township small claims courts established under Ind. Code § 33-34.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-31-1-1 Creation and establishment of court (St. Joseph County Probate Court)
There is established a probate court in St. Joseph County known as the St. Joseph Probate Court. The court shall be presided over by one (1) judge to be chosen
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as provided in this chapter.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-31-1-9 Jurisdiction (Probate Courts)
All probate courts have:(1) original and concurrent jurisdiction in all civil cases and in all criminal cases; (2) de novo appellate jurisdiction of appeals from city and town courts; and (3) in
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Marion County, de novo appellate jurisdiction of appeals from township small claims courts established under Ind. Code § 33-34.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-34-1-2 Creation (Marion County Small Claims Courts)
(a) There are established township small claims courts in each county containing a consolidated city.(b) The name of each court shall be the “_______ Township of Marion County Small Claims
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Court” (insert the name of the township in the blank).
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-35-1-1 Authority to establish or abolish; election of judge; notice (City or Town Court)
(a) During 2006 and every fourth year after that, a second or third class city or a town may by ordinance establish or abolish a city or town court. An
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ordinance to establish a city or town court must be adopted not less than one (1) year before the judge's term would begin under section 3 of this chapter.(b) The judge for a court established under subsection (a) shall be elected under Ind. Code § 3-10-6 or Ind. Code § 3-10-7 at the municipal election in November 2007 and every four (4) years thereafter. (c) A court established under subsection (a) comes into existence on January 1 of the year following the year in which a judge is elected to serve in that court. (d) A city or town court in existence on January 1, 1986, may continue in operation until it is abolished by ordinance. (e) A city or town that establishes or abolishes a court under this section shall give notice of its action to the division of state court administration of the office of judicial administration under Ind. Code § 33-24-6.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-35-2-3 City court; criminal jurisdiction
A city court has the following jurisdiction over crimes, infractions, and ordinance violations:(1) Jurisdiction of all violations of the ordinances of the city. (2) Jurisdiction of all misdemeanors and all infractions. (3)
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If the city that established the city court has entered into an interlocal agreement described in Ind. Code § 33-35-1-6 with another city or a town, jurisdiction of all other ordinance violations described in the interlocal agreement.
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Indiana Ind. Code § 33-23-16-11 Establishment of court (Problem Solving Courts)
A city court or county court may establish a problem solving court. A problem solving court established under this section may be a:(1) drug court; (2) mental health court; (3) family dependency
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drug court; (4) community court; (5) reentry court; (6) domestic violence court; (7) veteran's court; or (8) any other court certified as a problem solving court by the Indiana judicial center under section 17 of this chapter.
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Washington Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 2.04.010 Jurisdiction

The supreme court shall have original jurisdiction in habeas corpus and quo warrantor and mandamus as to all state officers, and appellate jurisdiction in all actions and proceedings excepting that

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its appellate jurisdiction shall not extend to civil actions at law for the recovery of money or personal property when the original amount in controversy or the value of the property does not exceed the sum of two hundred dollars, unless the action involves the legality of a tax, impost, assessment, toll, municipal fine, or the validity of a statute. The supreme court shall also have power to issue writs of mandamus, review, prohibition, habeas corpus, certiorari, and all other writs necessary and proper to the complete exercise of its appellate and revisory jurisdiction. Each of the judges shall have power to issue writs of habeas corpus to any part of the state, upon petition by or on behalf of any person held in actual custody, and may make such writs returnable before himself or herself, or before the supreme court, or before any superior court of the state, or any judge thereof.

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Washington Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 2.06.030 General powers and authority--Transfers of cases--Appellate jurisdiction, exceptions--Appeals

Subject to the provisions of this section, the court shall have exclusive appellate jurisdiction in all cases except:(a) cases of quo warrantor, prohibition, injunction or mandamus directed to state officials;

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(b) criminal cases where the death penalty has been decreed; (c) cases where the validity of all or any portion of a statute, ordinance, tax, impost, assessment or toll is drawn into question on the grounds of repugnancy to the Constitution of the United States or of the state of Washington, or to a statute or treaty of the United States, and the superior court has held against its validity; (d) cases involving fundamental and urgent issues of broad public import requiring prompt and ultimate determination; and (e) cases involving substantive issues on which there is a direct conflict among prevailing decisions of panels of the court or between decisions of the supreme court;

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Washington Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 2.08.010 Original jurisdiction

The superior court shall have original jurisdiction in all cases in equity, and in all cases at law which involve the title or possession of real property, or the legality

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of any tax, impost, assessment, toll or municipal fine, and in all other cases in which the demand or the value of the property in controversy amounts to three hundred dollars, and in all criminal cases amounting to felony, and in all cases of misdemeanor not otherwise provided for by law; of actions of forcible entry and detainer; of proceedings in insolvency; of actions to prevent or abate a nuisance; of all matters of probate, of divorce and for annulment of marriage, and for such special cases and proceedings as are not otherwise provided for; and shall also have original jurisdiction in all cases and of all proceedings in which jurisdiction shall not have been by law vested exclusively in some other court, and shall have the power of naturalization and to issue papers therefor. Said courts and their judges shall have power to issue writs of mandamus, quo warrantor, review, certiorari, prohibition and writs of habeas corpus on petition by or on behalf of any person in actual custody in their respective counties. Injunctions and writs of prohibition and of habeas corpus may be issued on legal holidays and nonjudicial days.

Jurisdiction of the courts