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Below are all of the laws that govern the structure of courts that match your search criteria.
|State||Statute||Description/Statute Name||Statutory language||Court/legal body||Function|
|Louisiana||La. Const. Art. 3 Sec. 9||District courts - elected judges||
Section 9. Each circuit shall be divided into at least three districts, and at least one judge shall be elected from each. The circuits and districts and the number of+ See more
judges as elected in each circuit on the effective date of this constitution are retained, subject to change by law enacted by two-thirds of the elected members of each house of the legislature.
|District Courts||Creation of the courts|
|Louisiana||La. Const. Ann. art. V, § 20||Justice of the Peace/Mayor's Court - subject to change by law||Mayors' courts and justice of the peace courts existing on the effective date of this constitution are continued, subject to change by law.||Justice of the Peace Courts/Mayor's Courts||Creation of the courts|
|Connecticut||Conn. Const., art. V, § 1||Creation of lower courts||
The judicial power of the state shall be vested in a supreme court, a superior court, and such lower courts as the general assembly shall, from time to time, ordain+ See more
and establish. The powers and jurisdiction of these courts shall be defined by law.
|Lower courts||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||IN Const. Art. 7, § 1||Judicial power||The judicial power of the State shall be vested in one Supreme Court, one Court of Appeals, Circuit Courts, and such other courts as the General Assembly may establish.||Supreme Court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||IN Const. Art. 7, § 2||Supreme Court||
The Supreme Court shall consist of the Chief Justice of the State and not less than four nor more than eight associate justices; a majority of whom shall form a+ See more
quorum. The court may appoint such personnel as may be necessary.
|Supreme Court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||IN Const. Art. 7, § 5||Court of Appeals||
The Court of Appeals shall consist of as many geographic districts and sit at such locations as the General Assembly shall determine to be necessary. Each geographic district of the+ See more
Court shall consist of three judges. The judges of each geographic district shall appoint such personnel as the General Assembly may provide by law.
|Court of Appeals||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||IN Const. Art. 7, § 7||Judicial circuits||
The State shall, from time to time, be divided into judicial circuits; and a Judge for each circuit shall be elected by the voters thereof. He shall reside within the+ See more
circuit and shall have been duly admitted to practice law by the Supreme Court of Indiana; he shall hold his office for the term of six years, if he so long behaves well.
|Circuit Courts||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||Ind. Code § 33-31-1-1||Creation and establishment of court (St. Joseph County Probate Court)||
There is established a probate court in St. Joseph County known as the St. Joseph Probate Court. The court shall be presided over by one (1) judge to be chosen+ See more
as provided in this chapter.
|Probate Court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||Ind. Code § 33-34-1-2||Creation (Marion County Small Claims Courts)||
(a) There are established township small claims courts in each county containing a consolidated city.(b) The name of each court shall be the “_______ Township of Marion County Small Claims+ See more
Court” (insert the name of the township in the blank).
|Small Claims Court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||Ind. Code § 33-35-1-1||Authority to establish or abolish; election of judge; notice (City or Town Court)||
(a) During 2006 and every fourth year after that, a second or third class city or a town may by ordinance establish or abolish a city or town court. An+ See more
ordinance to establish a city or town court must be adopted not less than one (1) year before the judge's term would begin under section 3 of this chapter.(b) The judge for a court established under subsection (a) shall be elected under Ind. Code § 3-10-6 or Ind. Code § 3-10-7 at the municipal election in November 2007 and every four (4) years thereafter. (c) A court established under subsection (a) comes into existence on January 1 of the year following the year in which a judge is elected to serve in that court. (d) A city or town court in existence on January 1, 1986, may continue in operation until it is abolished by ordinance. (e) A city or town that establishes or abolishes a court under this section shall give notice of its action to the division of state court administration of the office of judicial administration under Ind. Code § 33-24-6.
|City or Town Court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||Ind. Code § 33-23-16-11||Establishment of court (Problem Solving Courts)||
A city court or county court may establish a problem solving court. A problem solving court established under this section may be a:(1) drug court; (2) mental health court; (3) family dependency+ See more
drug court; (4) community court; (5) reentry court; (6) domestic violence court; (7) veteran's court; or (8) any other court certified as a problem solving court by the Indiana judicial center under section 17 of this chapter.
|City or Town Court||Creation of the courts|
|Maine||Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 421||Establishment||
+ See more
The Judicial Department may establish alcohol and drug treatment programs in the Superior Courts and District Courts and may adopt administrative orders and court rules to govern the practice, procedure
and administration of these programs. Alcohol and drug treatment programs must include local judges and must be community based and operated separately from juvenile drug courts.
|Alcohol and drug treatment court||Creation of the courts|
|Maine||Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 431||Mental health treatment courts||
The Judicial Department may seek and receive grants to establish mental health treatment courts.
|Mental health treatment courts||Creation of the courts|
|Maine||Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 433(2)||Veterans treatment courts||
+ See more
Chief Justice may establish. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court may establish veterans treatment courts for veterans and members of the United States Armed Forces. The Supreme Judicial
Court may adopt administrative orders and court rules of practice and procedure as necessary.
|Veterans treatment courts||Creation of the courts|
|Michigan||Michigan State Constitution Article VI Sec. 1||Michigan State Constitution Article VI Sec. 1||
The judicial power of the state is vested exclusively in one court of justice which shall be divided into one supreme court . . . and courts of limited jurisdiction+ See more
that the legislature may establish by a two-thirds vote of the members elected to and serving in each house.
|Limited jurisdiction court||Creation of the courts|
|Nevada||NV Const. Article 6, Sec. 1||Judicial power vested in court system||
Judicial power vested in court system. The judicial power of this State is vested in a court system, comprising a Supreme Court, a court of appeals, district courts and justices of+ See more
the peace. The Legislature may also establish, as part of the system, courts for municipal purposes only in incorporated cities and towns.
|All courts||Creation of the courts|
|Nevada||NV Const. Article 6, Sec. 6||District Courts: Jurisdiction; referees; family court||
2. The legislature may provide by law for: . . . . (b) The establishment of a family court as a division of any district+ See more
court and may prescribe its jurisdiction.
|Family Court||Creation of the courts|
|New Hampshire||N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 490-G:2||Implementation of Drug Courts||
+ See more
I. (a) Each superior or circuit court may establish one or more drug courts under which drug offenders may be processed to address appropriately an identified substance abuse problem. “Drug
court” means a judicial intervention process that incorporates and substantially complies with the Ten Key Components listed in subparagraph (b) and may include:(1) “Pre-adjudication” where a drug offender is ordered to participate in drug court before charges are filed or before conviction;(2) “Post-adjudication” where a drug offender is ordered to participate in drug court after entering a plea of guilty or nolo contendre or having been found guilty;(3) “Reentry” where a drug offender is ordered to participate in drug court upon release from a sentence of incarceration; or(4) “Combination program” which may include pre-adjudication, post-adjudication, and/or reentry.
|Drug court||Creation of the courts|
|New Hampshire||N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 490-H:2||Implementation of Mental Health Courts||
+ See more
Any superior or circuit court may establish one or more mental health courts under which the courts monitor offenders with mental illnesses for compliance with individual services to change behavior
which would otherwise result in criminal conduct.
|Mental health court||Creation of the courts|
|New Hampshire||N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 592-B:9||Drug Courts or Alternative Drug Offender Programs||
+ See more
I. (a) In any county that has implemented or which will implement the felonies first project established in this chapter within one year of commencing operation of a drug court
or alternative drug offender program, the judicial branch shall fund and operate an approved drug court or alternative drug offender program separate from the statewide drug offender grant program established in RSA 490-G, and at no cost to the county.
|Drug Court||Creation of the courts|