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Below are all of the laws that govern the structure of courts that match your search criteria.
|State||Statute||Description/Statute Name||Statutory language||Court/legal body||Function|
|Indiana||IN Const. Art. 7, § 1||Judicial power||The judicial power of the State shall be vested in one Supreme Court, one Court of Appeals, Circuit Courts, and such other courts as the General Assembly may establish.||Supreme Court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||IN Const. Art. 7, § 2||Supreme Court||
The Supreme Court shall consist of the Chief Justice of the State and not less than four nor more than eight associate justices; a majority of whom shall form a+ See more
quorum. The court may appoint such personnel as may be necessary.
|Supreme Court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||IN Const. Art. 7, § 5||Court of Appeals||
The Court of Appeals shall consist of as many geographic districts and sit at such locations as the General Assembly shall determine to be necessary. Each geographic district of the+ See more
Court shall consist of three judges. The judges of each geographic district shall appoint such personnel as the General Assembly may provide by law.
|Court of Appeals||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||IN Const. Art. 7, § 7||Judicial circuits||
The State shall, from time to time, be divided into judicial circuits; and a Judge for each circuit shall be elected by the voters thereof. He shall reside within the+ See more
circuit and shall have been duly admitted to practice law by the Supreme Court of Indiana; he shall hold his office for the term of six years, if he so long behaves well.
|Circuit Courts||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||Ind. Code § 33-31-1-1||Creation and establishment of court (St. Joseph County Probate Court)||
There is established a probate court in St. Joseph County known as the St. Joseph Probate Court. The court shall be presided over by one (1) judge to be chosen+ See more
as provided in this chapter.
|Probate Court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||Ind. Code § 33-34-1-2||Creation (Marion County Small Claims Courts)||
(a) There are established township small claims courts in each county containing a consolidated city.(b) The name of each court shall be the “_______ Township of Marion County Small Claims+ See more
Court” (insert the name of the township in the blank).
|Small Claims Court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||Ind. Code § 33-35-1-1||Authority to establish or abolish; election of judge; notice (City or Town Court)||
(a) During 2006 and every fourth year after that, a second or third class city or a town may by ordinance establish or abolish a city or town court. An+ See more
ordinance to establish a city or town court must be adopted not less than one (1) year before the judge's term would begin under section 3 of this chapter.(b) The judge for a court established under subsection (a) shall be elected under Ind. Code § 3-10-6 or Ind. Code § 3-10-7 at the municipal election in November 2007 and every four (4) years thereafter. (c) A court established under subsection (a) comes into existence on January 1 of the year following the year in which a judge is elected to serve in that court. (d) A city or town court in existence on January 1, 1986, may continue in operation until it is abolished by ordinance. (e) A city or town that establishes or abolishes a court under this section shall give notice of its action to the division of state court administration of the office of judicial administration under Ind. Code § 33-24-6.
|City or Town Court||Creation of the courts|
|Indiana||Ind. Code § 33-23-16-11||Establishment of court (Problem Solving Courts)||
A city court or county court may establish a problem solving court. A problem solving court established under this section may be a:(1) drug court; (2) mental health court; (3) family dependency+ See more
drug court; (4) community court; (5) reentry court; (6) domestic violence court; (7) veteran's court; or (8) any other court certified as a problem solving court by the Indiana judicial center under section 17 of this chapter.
|City or Town Court||Creation of the courts|
|Iowa||Iowa Const. Art. 5 § 10||General assembly||
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[* * *]* The general assembly may reorganize the judicial districts and increase or diminish the number of districts, or the number of judges of the said court, and may
increase the number of judges of the supreme court; but such increase or diminution shall not be more than one district, or one judge of either court, at any one session; and no reorganization of the districts, or diminution of the number of judges, shall have the effect of removing a judge from office. Such reorganization of the districts, or any change in the boundaries thereof, or increase or diminution of the number of judges, shall take place every four years thereafter, if necessary, and at no other time.
At any regular session of the general assembly the state may be divided into the necessary judicial districts for district court purposes, or the said districts may be reorganized and the number of the districts and the judges of said courts increased or diminished; but no reorganization of the districts or diminution of the judges shall have the effect of removing a judge from office.
|Judicial districts||Creation of the courts|
|Iowa||Iowa Const. Art. 5 § 1||Judicial Power||
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The judicial power shall be vested in a supreme court, district courts, and such other courts, inferior to the supreme court, as the general assembly may, from time to time,
|Courts generally||Creation of the courts|
|Maine||Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 421||Establishment||
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The Judicial Department may establish alcohol and drug treatment programs in the Superior Courts and District Courts and may adopt administrative orders and court rules to govern the practice, procedure
and administration of these programs. Alcohol and drug treatment programs must include local judges and must be community based and operated separately from juvenile drug courts.
|Alcohol and drug treatment court||Creation of the courts|
|Maine||Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 431||Mental health treatment courts||
The Judicial Department may seek and receive grants to establish mental health treatment courts.
|Mental health treatment courts||Creation of the courts|
|Maine||Me. Rev. Stat. tit 4 § 433(2)||Veterans treatment courts||
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Chief Justice may establish. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court may establish veterans treatment courts for veterans and members of the United States Armed Forces. The Supreme Judicial
Court may adopt administrative orders and court rules of practice and procedure as necessary.
|Veterans treatment courts||Creation of the courts|
|Mississippi||Miss. Code Ann. § 9-23-3(1)||Purpose of the drug courts||
The Legislature of Mississippi recognizes the critical need for judicial intervention to reduce the incidence of alcohol and drug use, alcohol and drug addiction, and crimes committed as a result+ See more
of alcohol and drug use and alcohol and drug addiction. It is the intent of the Legislature to facilitate local drug court alternative orders adaptable to chancery, circuit, county, youth, municipal and justice courts.
|Drug courts||Creation of the courts|
|Mississippi||Miss. Code Ann. § 9-25-1(2)||Veterans treatment court program||
A circuit court judge may establish a Veterans Treatment Court program. The Veterans Treatment Court may, at the discretion of the circuit court judge, be a separate court program or+ See more
as a component of an existing drug court program. At the discretion of the circuit court judge, the Veterans Treatment Court may be operated in one (1) county within the circuit court district, and allow veteran participants from all counties within the circuit court district to participate.
|Veteran treatment court||Creation of the courts|
|Missouri||Mo. Const. Art. 5, § 1||Judicial Power - Constitutional Courts||
The judicial power of the state shall be vested in a supreme court, a court of appeals consisting of districts as prescribed by law, and circuit courts.
|Judicial power generally||Creation of the courts|
|Missouri||Mo. Ann. Stat. § 476.010||Courts of record||
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The supreme court of the state of Missouri, the court of appeals, and the circuit courts shall be courts of record, and shall keep just and faithful records of their
proceedings. Notwithstanding the foregoing, municipal divisions of the circuit courts shall not be considered courts of record, regardless of whether or not a verbatim record of proceedings before the division is kept.
|State courts generally||Creation of the courts|
|Missouri||Mo. Ann. Stat. § 478.001(2)-(3)||Treatment court divisions, definitions, establishment, purpose--referrals to certified treatment programs required, exception--completion of treatment program, effect--adult treatment court--DWI court--family treatment court--juvenile treatment court--vet||
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2. A treatment court division may be established by any circuit court pursuant to sections 478.001 to 478.009 to provide an alternative for the judicial system to dispose of cases which stem
from, or are otherwise impacted by, substance use. The treatment court division may include, but not be limited to, cases assigned to an adult treatment court, DWI court, family treatment court, juvenile treatment court, veterans treatment court, or any combination thereof. A treatment court shall combine judicial supervision, drug or alcohol testing, and treatment of participants. Except for good cause found by the court, a treatment court making a referral for substance use disorder treatment, when such program will receive state or federal funds in connection with such referral, shall refer the person only to a program which is certified by the department of mental health, unless no appropriate certified treatment program is located within the same county as the treatment court. Upon successful completion of the treatment court program, the charges, petition, or penalty against a treatment court participant may be dismissed, reduced, or modified, unless otherwise stated. Any fees received by a court from a defendant as payment for substance treatment programs shall not be considered court costs, charges or fines.
3. An adult treatment court may be established by any circuit court under sections 478.001 to 478.009 to provide an alternative for the judicial system to dispose of cases which stem from substance use.
|Drug treatment court||Creation of the courts|
|Missouri||Mo. Ann. Stat. § 478.073(1)||Circuit realignment plan authorized--judicial conference duties--effective date--minimum number of circuits--publication by the revisor||
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As set forth in this section, the general assembly authorizes the judicial conference of the State of Missouri, as established pursuant to section 476.320, to alter the geographical boundaries and
territorial jurisdiction of the judicial circuits by means of a circuit realignment plan as the administration of justice may require, subject to the requirements set forth in Article V of the Constitution of Missouri.
|Circuit courts||Creation of the courts|
|Ohio||Ohio Const. Art. IV § 1||In whom judicial power vested||
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The judicial power of the state is vested in a supreme court, courts of appeals, courts of common pleas and divisions thereof, and such other courts inferior to the supreme
court as may from time to time be established by law.
|Judiciary||Creation of the courts|